PROBLEMS OF POVERTY AND UNEMPLOYMENT.
In spite of the inclement weather there was an attendance of about fifty men to hear Mr. F. G. Ewington lecture on the above subject to the Auckland Bro- ' thcrhood ill their large Mision Hall in I Newton last night. The lecturer asserted that it was folly to blame employers,, landlords and capitalists for the poverty and unemployment that prevails tnroughout the world. There were natural causes such, as drought, floods, famine, fires, changes of climate, blig'it, insect pests, earthquakes, storms, plagiies, a-nd other things over which no man or class of men had control, and those tilings displaced labour, and caused death, desolation and poverty. What society should ] do was to concentrate its thought and ; power on the non-natural or artificial j causes of poverty and unemployment. | such as war, trusts, corners in food, bad government, agitators, extravagance, intemperance, and the inordinate indulgence in sports and gambling, which were enervating communities, ruining them physically, morally, and spiritually, and making their nations a prey to ambitious aggressors. The methods of relieving poverty and unemployment had in the past done some good, but hiul proved inadequate and sometimes evil. Almsgiving, charitable organisations, municipal and Statp poor relief, old age pensions, the limiting of industrial output, State workshops, co-operative State labour, the limitation of bequests, single tax, socialism, limiting the birth-rate, were a bodge podge of good and evil, and a testimony to confused thought and wild-cat experimenting. Trades unions had done much good in the directions of relief of members while sick and unemployed, but preference to unionists, the minimum wage, limiting of apprentices, restricting of work and antagonising of wage-payers had done harm. The Swiss system of dealing with the. ] problem of unemployment and th? Scriptural principles of dealing with poverty, j showed the paths out of most men's ditticultids. When workers felt that they were as in duty bound to do a fair day's j work, as employers are to pay a fair day's wage, when employers and employed realised th;, t they were stswards and trustees bound to justice here and destined to judgment hereafter, when people believed that no Motherhood was true or lasting that was not based on God's Fatherhood, when the Church realised that Christ's Kingdom was to be set up here and God's will done on earth as in heaven, and that true religion is j the being just and doing good, and not | merely thoughts, talks and songs about j such things, then sweating, preference to j unionists, oppression, trusts, racial sui- | cidc, injustice, war, hardness of heart, | preventable poverty and unemployment | would cease. A hearty vote of thanks was accorded to Mr. Ewington for his address.
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