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SOCIALISTS ATTACK A'PALACE. Details of the recent Socialist riots., at Dresden show that they were of the most disgraceful character. Eighty persons were • arrested, including a Socialist leader named Kuhn, who is a member of the Dresden Town Council, and drastic police action is to be taken with regard, to future Socialistic demonstrations. Four processions of militant Socialists marched to the market place, singing the "Marseillaise." In the market place they stopped tramcars, insulted welldressed pedestrians, and threatened to attack the tram drivers and conductors. Then the Socialists moved towards the palace, ignoring the repeated warnings of the police, who eventually charged the mob. The Socialists stood their ground and attacked the police with unv brellas, sticks, and knives. After the police had withdrawn from the vicinity, of the palace, l*e Socialists advanced on the palace from several points, whereupon the police charged the mob again, slashing right and left with their swords. The Socialists afterwards assembled in front of the Industrial Institute, where the King of Saxony was listening to a speech by Herr Dernburg, the Imperial Secretary for the Colonies, on colonial policy. When the King left the institute and returned to the palace the Socialists hooted him. SHOWER OF DIAMONDS. A meteor fell in the village of Cubilla, near BurgO3, early one morning recently, setting fire to three houses and causing a panic among the villagers. The peasants were on their way to early Mass, before daybreak, when they were startled by the sudden appearance of a large ball of fire in the .sky. It descended with great rapidity, and struck the earth a few seconds later with a tremendous explosion like loud prolonged thunder. The frightened peasants; who believed that the end of ,the world had come, fell on .their knees and prayed fervently. Although the meteor fell through one house, practically demolishing it, and v set fire to two others as well, no one was injured. When the peasants recovered from their fright and had extinguished the fire, ti.ey found large masses of crystallised iron and minute diamonds buried in the ruins of the houses. These fragments have been sent to the Madrid Museum. j WHY NOT LIVE LUNG LIVES ? j Before Noah ruled the waves with the flagship "Ark," the people of the earth were so scarce that they often remained | on this sphere to entertain one another for 500 or t>oo years. A most remarkable case is that recorded in Poland of Margaret Krasiowna, who died in'l763, at the age of 108. At 94 she married her third husband, Gaspard Raykolt, then a bashful suitor of 105. His father had just died at the age of 119. During the fourteen years Mr. and Mrs. Raykolt kept house there was born to them two boys and one girl, all three of whom had white hair in infancy and none could ever chew solid food. Henry Jenkins, an Englishman, who died at the ripe age of IG9 in 1870, was produced in court as a witness at the age of 157. Placed under oath, he was cautioned by the judge to be accurately truthful in all things, especially as to his age. Jenkins at once produced two , witnesses, each over SO years old, who testified that when they were boys Jen- > kins was an old, gray-headed man. , Probably- the most startling "oldest inhabitant" story is that concerning Mr. and Mrs. .lolin Kovin. both of whom died at the place of their birth, Temes- ' war, Hungary, in 1741 ; he aged 172 and she IG4. Their married life covered 14.S years, and at death they left an infant orphan aged 116. CONVICT'S ADVENTURES. PERILOUS FLIGHT FROM A PJ£NAL SETTLEMENT. An escaped convict named Hyacinth Barthelemy, who surrendered to the police in Paris last month, relates a story of adventure and ' privation probably without parallel in ■ French criminal annals. 3 In ISU7 Barthelemy was sentenced to a long term of pena! servitude for bur- " glary, and was deported to Guiana. He * and five other prisoners eventually managed to escape from the convict settle--1 ment. 1 They seized a boat from some natives s and after a dangerous journey, partly by V river, and partly through a trackless fore est, they reached Venezuelan territory. n Be'ore arriving at Caracas, however, two '• of them were crusher! to death liy a pyr thon, a third was devoured by a puma, r and a fourth killed by a crocodile on the c banks of the Orinoco. 5 Barthelemy and his sole remaining com- ° panion eventually arrived at the Venezu- '• elan capital, but the authorities, on findi ing that they were Frenchmen, threatened to have them shot. They escaped 0 into the wilderness again, where Barther leniy's companion was killed and eaten Q by cannibals. . After innumerable other dangers Barl' thelemy reached the sea coast and emq barked . on a Spanish schooner, which landed him at Bordeaux. He arrived in Piiris only to find that his mother and sisters had disappeared, leaving no trace " of their whereabouts. • In despair he surrendered himself to the authorities in order to secure food 1 and shelter in THE "WORRY" OF GOLF. ir The question, "Is golf a worrying Sβ game?" which lias been raised by a v.Tltel t- in the '"Lan et," would probably be answered in a loud affirmative by caddies ;e who enjoy the privilege of overhearing ig the language of patrons wno are "or] U thMr game." >fc The writer in the '"Lancet" stated thai c- "a game that is calculated to increase I- an irritabii.oy which has arisen out of a 't trying week's work can hardly be saic t. to be recreative, at all events to nvj c- mind," and he advocated cycling and ie walking as an agreeable alternative foi c- br..=y men. in This view is no( si/ported by Mi: Ens Lt I tac« Miles, who m/ he regarded as ar it. '. authority on exov: '-cs—as well as diet I; "I noticed wlien I was in Amerien," In it ' said, '"that the men who led the most c, i strenuous lives during the week were un in,'able to find recreation during the week it ! end in anything so tame as walking and it : cycling. They went instead to the coun c, j try clubs, and found real recreation ir ie j games which were competitive. a, "Competition is bound to enter th< >t mind of the business man over there, bui the fact that they entered into games and

sports of all kinds in a competitive way does not mean, to ray mind, that they were not physically benefited by the change and the outdoor life. "In my opinion the man who goes away for the- week-end and plays golf, no matter how badly, is immensely benefited. If he is 'off his game' and swears about.it, the worry is merely trifling and transitory, and. there is no real mental strain. "Cycling and walking would prove far too tame for the strenuous business man, and might even cause more brooding over business matters than a 'worrying' game of golf." TWO NEW R.A.'s. A general assembly of academicians and associates was held at the Royal Academy last month, when the following elections were made— : 'Mr William Ooscombe John sculptor, and Mr John Belcher, architect, as Royal Academicians. . Mr Bertram Maclvennal, sculptor, as Associate. M. Jean Paul Laurens, painter (France), as Honorary Foreign Academician. Mr William Goscombe John is a Welshman, who received his artistic education at Lambeth and at the schools of the Royal Academy. At the Academy he won the gold medal and travelling studentship, and since then he has gained many honours at home and abroad. He was elected an associate in 1899. He has had most of the principal commissions in memorial sculpture of late years, and is at present engaged on the monument to the late Lord Salisbury. Mr John Belcher is a famous architect, whose work has found permanency in many buildings both in London and the province?. He designed v the Chartered Accountants' Institute and the Eastern Telegraph headquarters in the City, while the Guildhall at Cambridge and the town hall at Colchester are among his provincial work. Mr R. I'tram MacKennal is an Australian who was born in Melbourne fortyfour years ago. Among the special commissions he has executed in recent years are the War Memorial at Islington, Blackburn'? statue of Queen Victoria, and a bust of Sir F.dward Knox for Sydney. He also designed the figures for the allegorical group for the pediment of the new Government buildings at Westminster. Mr Paul Laurens is a commander of the Legion of Honour and a,- member of the French Institute. ENORMOUS COST OF FUTURE WARS. If you are looking for a good concrete ' example of how science is making war I more and more costly, here it is. TorI pedoes themselves are each worth a small I fortune. But motorite will probably j make it cost £5000 a half hour to run a torpedo boat. It is only to be used at I the supreme moment, other fuel being under ordinary circumstances. At the crucial moment it will give the torpedo boat and the torpedo a speed greater i than an express train—at a tremendous : cost. But balance against the cost, large as it sounds, the possible, almost certain, i ' i less deadly the warfare. The reason i 3 ! not far to seek. Double the range of i your guns, for instance, and you simply ! double the distance between the righting , I lines. The farther the man-target is from • j the man-killer, the safer is the man-tar- ■ j get. Increase the explosive force of j shells and torpedoes, and the strength > [ and resistance of armour plate are mii | creased to meet them. s If you doubt that war is less deadly i to-day than in ancient times, compare • some of the battles. Hannibal slew 48,000 ) out of 60,000 vanquished Romans at (Jan- ) nae. At Mukden, after many days of > | fighting, the Russian dead, including thos e -j lost in the retreat, were barely 30,000 out lof a total number engaged of nearly t j 400.000. The vanquished Russians in the • I greatest sea fight of modern times, when i Togo smashed their fleet at Tsu-shima, ■ lost only 10,000 in both killed and i wounded. At Salamis the defeated Fer--i sinus lost hundreds of thousands killed t outright. These are not exceptions, i either. j After all, it is really money more than I life that counts nowadays in war. The 1 deadliest of modern man-killingdevices are • making war more and more impossible J i than are all the peace conferences eomj bined, because they are dollar-killing. Universal peace is the product of the inventor perhaps more than of the clergyman.— Arthur B. Reve in Broadway Magazine. 1 , RAILWAY CHARACTERISTICS. 0 A Paris paper has collected some amus- • I ing data as to the characteristics of the l railway servants of France and of other '" | countries. ±uey may be useful informa- •' | tion for those who travel. On the Xo'rthipm Railway Company, says our contem3'. t orary, the employees are placid, punc- ' ; tiial, and courteous. I leave all respon- " \ sibility to our contemporary for the " .statement. On the Eastern line they are °!cold, but active. On the Sou then they " I are proud, but serviceable. On the L ' | Western line they like their joke and c i are handy and ready. The Russian railway servant is, our l " j contemporary states, a brute. The Ger- ?" I man has manners, but they are rough. I The Dutchman and the Belgian are fathc " j evly. The English railway servant is cool, useful, but expensive. The Italian -' |is talkative but amiable, the Spaniard "silent, careless, and philosophical. (A I philosophical railway guard is neat.) r " j The Turk has neither cares nor shoes. h', n PERILS OF ORCHID HI'NTLXG. d ( :e I The dangers of orchid-hunting art strikingly illustrated (says the "Westo | minster Gazette") by the story told of d 1 the beautiful £1,000 plant which is the principal attraction at the Temple I Flower Show. This orchid was part of the. spoils of Messrs Sander's collector who penetrated the wildest district oi Annam with an escort of fifty armed 8 . men, and risked his life daily in his quest lof these floral treasures. Many ar '" j orchid-hunter has sacrificed his life to I his daring. Falkenberg perished thus at l g j Panama, Brown in Madagascar, Wallis lin Ecuador, Arnold on the Orinoco, and so on through a long list of victims of l f. the passion for orchid-finding. Mr. Hame ie Jin, one of the most successful >f them a all, tells how, in the Madagascar forests, d "not only was our party exposed to the '7 risk of being strangled by hostile and d ferocious tribesmen—a fate which befell >r 1 many a poor fellow belonging to oui J expedition—but we had to struggle al 5_ most night and day against the wild ani-

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FROM ENGLISH EXCHANGES. Auckland Star, Volume XL, Issue 67, 19 March 1909

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