WHAT IT MEANS TO CABLE.
; STARTLING FIGURES. i It will doubtless surprise many who ; have taken an interest in Mr. Hennikcr 3 Heaton"s scheme of penny-a-word cablegrams, with a minimum charge of one shilling, to any quarter of the globe, to know that such rates already exist. Four-fifths of the revenue of the cable companies is derived from merchants of commerce, whose business in the furthermost corners of the farth make such a means ot communication a necessity. To meet their requirements the various codes sprang into existence. Although the D charge to Australia is three shillings a word, the average cost to the merchant is really only one penny per word. By means of the code lie manages to get into one word a message of thirtysix words. In some cases, by an elaborate system of a code within a code, as many as one hundred and fifty words have been concealed in the one magic i- word for which three shillings have been '- paid. When this system is utilised a I man often takes a whole morning to deI- code a message. c Very few people realise what it means t to cable from London to Sydney. When t the cablegram is handed in it is passed on I, to the operator, who transmits it to '" Penzanee. From there it is transmitted J" to Madeira, and thence to St. Vincent, - Ascension Island, St. Helena, Capetown, c and so, with another transmission in bei , tween, to Perth, whence it has another journey to Sydney. j LONDON TO BYDSCKY—THREE .MINUTES. l t It will then have flashed along the 3, ocean bed through seventeen thousand a > miles of cable, and travelled through fifteen hundred miles of land wire. The average time taken is ninety minutes, which makes its rate of progression ovei two hundred miles a minute, li the message is for someone up country, it is wired from Sydney to the nearest telegraph station. Should the destinn- -• tion be very remote it may then be 'V posted on, but if within reasonable disir tanee it would then be taken by special II messenger. Although the average time is an houl ~,' and a-half, this by no means shows wlial can be done when occasion demands One of the smartest cabling feats or ot record was accomplished when Sham rod, ;■- ll.'a race for the America Cup was cabled s - from London to Sydney in three minutes " Of course, special arrangements wpr< II- made, and all other traffic was, for the to time being, suspended. Another smart piece of work oecurre< , t . when tJie King, then Prince of Wales ie won the Derby with Pevsimmon. Thirty n - five seconds after the horse had passei ]0 the post at Epsom the result was know: in New York. Qt Sixty years ago not a single subraarim cable existed. In 1553 the first was .sue cessfully laid from Dover to Ostend am it was in 181)5 that the Great Ea'stcri sailed upon her tirst attempt to joii London and New York. She failed, bin i a year later communication was com to ! plete. The first, message to pass throug] in was sent by Mr. Gordon Bennet, tin '■'■ New York newspaper proprietor, U , v . "Henry M. Stanley, Madrid." It sinjpl; n, said, "Find .Livingstone.—Bennet." Bu >J'i I it made history. ;L s e Possibly the longest cablegram eve sent was when Disraeli's '•Lothair" wn ?t, transmitted to New York verbatim a an enormous expense. [ r ." According to Mr. Heiinilcer Heaton J. England spends five millions a year oi !*• cables. Rates have been reduced enorm 1 c oiisly sinre the cable first cainf afoiin e<l I for at that time it cost £1 a. word t< "ly'. America; it now costs one shilling. 1 I the ppiiny-fl-ivord scheme were carrio. out, it would save the country ab'ou i £4,000.000 per annum. But it is esti mated t.hat the big- increase in traffi would soon make good bin's deficit.— English Exchange.
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