TRADE & LABOUR NOTES.
(By "Industrial Tramp. s '"*:
(Secretaries of the various "Unions are requested to forward copies of their Union engagements 'to, "Industrial" • Tramp," "Star" Office,' and a-list of Union Meetings will be furnished at the head of this column for each week.)
UNION MEETINGS FOR THE WEEK. This Evening. March 17 — Trades and Lahour Council; Bookbinders (Special). Thursday. March IS — t-lthographers. Friday, "March 19 — Labourers. Monday. March 22 — Hairdressers. TuPsdaV March 23 — Plumbers; Moulders. •Wednesday, March 24 -- Waterside Workers.
■Immigrants are still arriving; the Paparoa arrived on Monday with a further consignment of work-seekers.
Industrial conditions still continue slack in Auckland, although the position has eased somewhat from last month Last week 39 union, carpenters signed the employment book at the union office, as -wanting work. Quite a number of carpenters and joiners have drawn their clearances from the Auckland branch, and have departed for Australia to try their luck in the Commonwealth. Most of these are new arrivals from the Old Country, who have been drawn to our Ehores "by the roseate reports supplied by interested shipping agents to the manufacturing population of the United Kingdom. By the Mokoia on Monday last"! notice a full list of passengers left for Sydney, including 200 in the steerage. This "show 3 that- the slackness in trade is haying;the. of .diverting labour from our shores-, that-ought never to have : 'been directed here.-- It is not pleasant to know that we ,afe turning people away from the T/ominion, that has room enough for all; but every man that comes to us has a right to exist, and, under present circumstances, that right is barely possible, and -the sooner we come down to - normal conditions the better for.us all. v
Great is the power of the Press! Last week, in these notes, I mentioned that one or two farriers and blacksmiths could be placed in Auckland forges, and yesterday a tradesman called upon mc for directions as to securing one of these positions. He had seen the paragraph in Wellington, and had at once taken passage for our city, only to find that the places had been filled closer at hand. He states that his trade is very slack in the Empire City, numbers of farriers being out of work for some time past; he purposes leaving for Sydney next Monday, unless he secures employment in the interim.
According to the annual returns forwarded to the Labour Department, there were 1888 members in the Wellington Waterside Workers' Union at the close of last year. Since then the membership has considerably increased, and is now estimated to be about 2200.
There are close on eight hundred members in the Southland Sawmill Workers' Union. The last halfyear closed with a credit balance of £227 9/8.
The Canterbury Enginedrivers' award made last week, prescribes a forty-eight hours' working week, and wages varying from 1/3 to 1/- per hour. First-class certificate-men are awarded 1/3 per hour, second-class certificate-men 1/1$ per hour, and firemen and men without certificates, a minimum of 1/- per hour. The Wellington Butter, Creamery, and Cheese Factories' Union was organised in J907, and has been in negotiation with the employers in regard to wages and hours of work. No favourable result has been attained, and it is expected that a reference will be filed for hearing by the Arbitration Court about the middle of the month. This union has issued circulars to . a great many of the .Auckland ■unions and, we presume, to other unions in the Dominion, appealing for financial aid in taking their case before the Court. The appeal has not been favourably received by the Auckland unions, as it is felt that the bulk of them have their own lines to hoe, and tolerably hard lines at that; in any case the appeal should have * come through the Wellington Trades Council
A dispute in the Christchurch cycle and motor industry has been settled by the representatives of the employers and '■employees in conference. The hours of work were fixed at 48, viz., 83 for five days -of the week, between 7.45 a.m. and 5.30 pjn., and- 4i hours on one day, between 7.45 : a.m. and noon. Overtime beyond these hours, time and a quarter for the first three hours, time and a half for the second "three hours, and double time after. Holidays to be Sundays, Christanas Day and Good Friday at double Sates, and seven others, at time and a-half "fates. Boys to'Teceive 10/ per week lor first year, r,--eond year 15/, third year 20/, fourth year 25/, fifth year 30/. After fifth year, or on attaining the age of 21 years, TiSf per week shall be paid, and' on the completion of the sixth year, or on attaining the age of 22, not less than the minimum wage to be paid. For men employed at polishing, plating and enamelling, frame building and wheel building, motor mechanics, turns, repairers and assemblers not less than 1/1J per hpur. Boys are limited to one to three journeymen. The award contains what is practically compulsory unionism, in the eighth clause, which states: "All persons engaged in the cycle and motor indusrty shall within one month from the coming into operation oi this award, become and .Tenia in member? of the Canterbury Cycle Workers' Industrial Union of Workers; providing that the entrance fee shall not exceed 2/6, and subsequent contributions of not exceeding 6d. per week. Any person refusing to become a member shall be dismissed from his employment if the Union so desires, it being agreed that-the Union shall provide a member of the union to fill the v;saney. The term of the award is to be two years. Auckland cycle-workers will note with interest the foregoing particulars. i
In German}' the question of unemployment has been well considered and much minimised. This result has been brought about by the co-ordination and systematic management of public labour exchanges. Unemployment is also regulated by the German municipalities, who have a free hand in providing work for those in~idleness. Employers and workers have every fneilitv for ascertaining the condition of the labour market.
In (Treat Britain it is estimated that there are nearly 2,000.000 trade unionists, and the income totals £3.000,000. To e;v> ?ome idea cf the financial transactions of Irade cnr.inisa.tions the expenditures of the eight largest unions are appended: —Amalgamated Society of Engineers, £313,084;" United Society of Boiler--makers, £222,426; Amalgamated Carpenter.- r.nd Joiners, £213.071; Durham Miners' Association, £94.437; Yorkshire Miners' Association. £89,136; Friendly Society of Ironfounders, £66,818; Operative Bricklayers, £58,708; Amalgamated Society ot Hallway Servants, £50,813; total, ;«1,108,493, ~__ ... _. ,
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