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THE MOROCCO SPECTRE.

FRANCE AND GERMANY .i'ENtfi.f INTO AN IMPORTANT! i€ -'* COMPACT. ift .

BOTH MAKE CONCESSIONS.

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PAl«%;tobn_MyA;y Trance and Germany ;tp-6ay signed* far-reaching agreement fc'pnceming Mor- ■ occo, thus banishing which idtj' years has loomed -up ; _nt-*_n_---atly/7asy! the cause of strained relations between the two countries. Of mbrs,-,importanc» still, perhaps, than the actual settlement of pending difficulties 'and the harmonizing of views conceriii_^ r Mor6c_q, __-{__■ moral effect of establishing a broad basis of friendly relations "between two yha-7 tions which have been'separated. sin_». the war of 1870. .7",-. "*gis.^. ;[ '" "

The agreement signed. to-day. guar-, antees the integrity of Morocio ,ahd mi -.' sures perfect, allegiance to the term* of, ■' the AlgeeiraS act. France recognize* ' Germany's economic interests "in Mofo6« co, while Germany, recognizes ■the -'.part--; eular political interest of France there., - "The agreement w* B signed in Berlin 7 by _VI. Cambon, "the French Ambassador,* and by Foreign Secretary Yon Schoen, The Cabinet has sent a vote of thanks to M. Cambon. ~ ■'''■ .-oV..

The agreement points out that th* signatories are animated by a mutual desire to facilitate the operations ,o|the Algeciras act, "with the"view-: of".' avoiding all cause of misunderstanding* ■between the Powera in the. future." .' ■-';'•

France promises to maintain'.-tbeh in* l tegrity and independence of the Moroccan empire, and declares that she Wtl "resolved to, safeguard. the economic equality and not to embarrass the commercial and individual interests'of Ge> many." ..- . jjjSg Germany, whose interest in Morocco. is merely economical, recognizes V-hat; the political political interests of Frafcc-r are closely lin_.ed to the consOlidatioa of order and peace in the interior of Morocco," and she agrees not" to interfere with these interests. • ■,-€

In conclusion, the signatories prom*; ise. neither to pursue nor encourage -any-, measure designed to create an economic privilege in their favour or in favour of any other Power, an dthey agree that .they will endeavour to associate theirpeoples in commercial enterprises launch, ed in Morocco. ''■

TheTe is reason to believe that tha negotiations preceding this agreementhave been in progress quietly since the. summer of 1907, when the initiative was taken by Germany. The Casa Blanca incident stopped the pour« s parlers for a while, but they were renewed in Berlin last month. It is understood 'here that Emperor William was, anxious to participate in the agreements assuring European peace that were concluded by bis neighbours, but frpn_ which Germany was isolated and re-, mainec- a stranger. .O. France is assured that this accord, will be welcomed in London, St. Petersr burg and Madrid, and she is confident that it will meet with the approval of the Sultan of Morocco, to whom it. will be immediately communicatett by M.; 'Regnanlt, the French Mmister, who i* now'at Fez.

A striking coincidence is found in', the fact that this agreement was signed at the moment of the arrival in Berlin of King Edward, particularly as there is a strong inclination i diplomatic quarters to consider the improve-f ment of Franco-German relations as one. of tho objects of this visit.

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THE MOROCCO SPECTRE. Auckland Star, Volume XL, Issue 64, 16 March 1909

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