LATEST ENGLIRH EXPORT
GOOD FOR AMERICA.
London, March 16, An Order-in Counoil prohibits the exportation anywhere of Kinematograph films, acetic aofd, gramophone records photographic paper, plates, filing radium, and tungsten. - Press Association Cablegram.
A stir was oaused in several commercial circles on Saturday by the publication of the above cable message says the "Dominion," the drastic intent of wbich will lead toad an- adjustment of tbe trade connection. Whilst it is admitted that there is undoubt iedly good and sufficient reasons for such an embargo, it is regretted generally, as it is contended tbat it will assuredly play into tbe bands of other countries, which produce tbe lines mentioned with as great a facility as England. In the matter of photographic paper and plateß (whioh are not now to be exported from Eng land) it has been stated that BB per cent, of such lines bave, up to the present, been imported from England America is a producet of plates and paper, but the American price has, it is stated, always been slightly higher than English, and so England got the trade.
Mr A. B Key worth, who is in charge of tbe photographic department of Kemptborne, Prosser and Co., Wellington, states that for a year past a difficulty bas been experienced in get ting photographio goods required. Initially that was caused by the fact tbat Belgium made a specialty of the preparation and manufacture of byryta coated paper (a paper of very special texture) and glass for photo graphic plates, and the oessation of such industries embarrassed the world, almoyt as much as the outting off of
the supply of chemioala from Ger many. England, indeed the whole of Europe, had learned to depend on Belgium for glass euitable for coating for dry plates and paper, and tbe stoppage of those lines was very seriously felt. Bince then stocks in England had fallen. Some nine months ago the price of dry plates and paper advanoed 20 percent., and since then they had not been able tc get the supplies required. When a hundred gioss were ordered they might get ten or twenty gross, and pome- | times none at all. He had ordered a big supply of a certain paper eight months ago, and none of it bad ever come to hand. The last packet of that paper he had sold on Friday last. Empty shelves testified to sadly depleted stocks.
Mr Keyworth is of opinion that there will be no other oourse for importers, but to go to America for plates and papers. With English supplies totally cut off he anticipated that tbe Americans were almost sure to jump the prices, but there would be no option but to trade with them. The embargo would be a very serious thing for professional photographers of whom there were about 500 in New Zealand, as they must raise the prices, and it is doubtful if the public would welcome a etiffer tariff. In tbe case of tbe "Kodak," tbat camera, with the sensitised film used, was purely an American manufacture, so it was not affected by the embargo. KINEHATOGRAPH FILM. Almost all the kinema film used in New Zealand comes from England, which bas new barred its export
Though London has been tbe great clearing-house of picture film for the world, by far tbe larger portion of it is made in America, and the local picture people are of opinion tbat the embargo will simply mean changing tbe clearing house from London to New York, so tbat the picture shows are not likely to be seriously affeoted by the embargo. The war bas practically stopped the supply of French. German, Danish, and Italian made pictures, and for a year past the pic ture world bas relied on America more and more for its supplies, until now America will bave practically a monoply of tbe whole world, as Can ada and Australia are only baby pro. ducers so far. Tbe British "Gazettes" will be missed. Why the export of film has been barred has not been made clear, but the celluliod film is know to be combustable to a degree, and tbe material may be required for more serious works than the ''movies.' AMERICA BENEFITS EVERY TIME. Gramophone records are also in eluded in tbe list of manufactures whioh may not be exported from Eng land. The supply of "potted music." it is presumed, will be adjusted automatically as the Gramapbone Company, which supplies England and her colonies (Canada excepted) will doubtless see tbat the Victor Company, of America, a branch of tbe business, will supply the colonies. It appears from inquiries made, that it was not Thomas Edison after all who first discovered tbe art of "photographing sound " Tbe manager of the "Talk cries" in Willis Street states that honour belonged to a man named Berliner, of Canada; and to day tbe Berliner Company held tbe rights of tbe disc gramapbone for Canada, and tbe Edison Company still only pro** duces the wax cylinder phonograph records. The disc records are made of a composition of shellac and vulcanite, which materials may be of service in the manufacture of war munitions—hence the prohibition on their export. The Gramapbone Company does not operate in the States, fwbere its records are dealt with by the Victor vice versa, and neither of these companies may operate in Canada owing to the rights held by the Berliner Company.
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A BOMSHELL., Akaroa Mail and Banks Peninsula Advertiser, Volume LXXV, Issue 3530, 24 March 1916