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LAKE COLERIDGE ELECTRICITY., Akaroa Mail and Banks Peninsula Advertiser, Volume LXXV, Issue 3476, 20 July 1915
LAKE COLERIDGE ELECTRICITY.
ITS EXTENSION TO BANKS
PENINSULA. COUNTY DELEGATES MEEr MR BIBKB. Tha, question of introducing Lake Coleridge eleotrioity into the homes of residents of Banks Peninsula has been carefully in. vesiigated by the different district delegates who were appointed to report upon the visible supply required, end on Saturday afternoon the delegates of the Akaroa County assembled at the Counoil Chambers, Duvau» ohelle, .and pas the requirements of the Akaroa County before Mr L. Birks, the engineer in oharge of the Lake Coleridge scheme. Mr J. D. Bruoe, Akuroa County Chairman, presided, and there were the following delegates preeent:—Meaers A. Good win and E Hay, Pigeon Bay ; J. Priest. Chorlton ; 0. E. Kay, Little Akaloa ;J. R. and 08, Thaoker and A. T. Maeqn, Okain'e; W D. Dalglish, Lβ Bon's; W. D. Mecphail end T Conway, Wainui; Jas. Wright, French Farm; G H. Q'Callagban, Duvauebelle; R. A. Pettigrew, Barry's Bay; and T. Lewitt and C. W. Leete, Akaroa Borouuh. . The chairman of the meeting, in intro' duoiog Mr Birka, eaid the object o£ the meetiog was to put before Mr Birka the whole requirements of the dietriot, and to find oat from him what the cost wonld be to too Peninsula residents to introduce Lake Coleridge electric current. He said an estimate of the visible eupply of Bai Its Peninsula had been oolleoted by the delegates. This estimate did not include the use of electricity by the Peninsula oheeae factories; but the factories would very probably use the power for Bepar Bting for whey butter if not for erdiuary purposes. The estimate included tha outskirts of the Borough of Akaroa. They had estimated that it would take a 3 h.p. motor in all oases to drive a milking machine, sod he thought the return of the Pentmula requirements was fairly accurate and a conservative estimate. The estimates t<)t the Akaroa County requirements were as follows :—
District. IS o.p Lights H Power Wainui .. 250 .. — French Farm and Tikao 50 — Barry's Bay.. 240 .. 6 Duvanohelle 230 .. 23 Kobineon's Bay 150 .. 10 German Bay 252 .. 22 Outskirts Akaroa 84 .. 24 Eastern Bays 158 .. 72 Pigeon Bay .. 050 .. 50 Littl" Akaloa 160 .. 33 ChO'Uoo .. 80 .. — Okain's .. 727 .. 54 Le Bop's .. 540 .. 23 Totals 3581 317
The eaid these figures did no* i olu ie ihe requirements of the Mnunt Herbert County, und in Port Levy 300 lights w >uld be required. Mr Birkß said it was qnite an unexpected pleasure to bo present at euoh an enthusieVtio meeting, and he did Dot quite realise that the Peninsula requirements were so great. Th delegatee had taokled the question and were right down to individual lichts, and he was out to supply them with what they required Generally, the Lake Coleridge eeheme was taken up by the Public Works Depertmont as a national poheme tor supplyinf? electric ourrent to the whole of Canterbury. They were not only ou to enpply the City of Christohuroh but the whole of Canterbury, including the country districts. In developing the echeme I ,eY were not running on philantrophio "■mm, but were in business as a business and to set the biggest revenue ont of the scheme thai was possible. It was not a proprietary concern, however, to pay taxes, but they were oat to sell aa much current as would make the eoheme a success. Upon the sue ocas of the Lake Coleridge scheme depended the development of electricity in other parte of New Zealand. They had to make the Coleridge scheme a suocess by making subatan ittl reductions in the development of eleotrioity to undercut light end power ohargeß, There was no question that they could supply at half the cost of t»ny other Boheme it the lines were. They could cut the Akaroa lip?ht charges elightly. The Department did no> wish to undertake the retail part ot thH bunineße. Their present staff oould not cope with it, Iα some places they had to do this, but then they took the whole profit, not allowing any percentage for the retailing. In the oaee of Bunks Peninsula thoy would work the business from Christohurch, and would require a local authority to do the retailing. The Tai Tapu Dairy Faoiory had undertaken to supply eleotrioity in the Tai Tapu, Halswell and Lincoln area, and had carried this out very successful, and this had proved of great BBBiatance to the Department. In the oity of Chrißtohuroh they had from 10 to 30 suppliers to the mile of line and in the Tai Tnpu district 3J per mile. On the Peninsula they would not get 3J supplier to the mile. But by the unanimity displaced he was bum thie difficulty would be overcome. The echeme had ooat £280,000 to deliver powei Think ef it—6o doses of -NAZOL" for l/l and every dose eoothee and relieves bad cold (OUDleßemo coughs and core throat.
at Addinglon. Then they bad oarriei tha lme? out to Sunnjeide 2 miles, and Tal Taru 8 miles. There would be 93 or 25 miles to brinp it to Little Kiver, and 40 miles in all fri.m Tai Tapu to bring the lines <o Aknroa BorouKli. The tofal outlay for the forty ruile.i would be £12.000, and they had to find ft return not only for thiti line, but also on the cnpi'nl cost of tha whole soheme They had alrmdy sold and were cupplyine 20()6h p . «nd "hey had sold 6000b.p besides not yet supplied. The cxpnc'ty of tthe Ooleridcp plnnt wn ifi.OOflh p hut they o >nld nnly 10-id it wih more than 12,000b p. The Df>p<<r'M'iit w tild require to nrin< a high tension v/ire to the.Peninsula with a capacity of J 1,000 volt?, and reduce i» to 3000 volts at reducing stations Along the line. Tbe mnnngement of the lines would be simple. On the 3000 volt wire
bey could deliver power for 10 miles, end
the oobl of these lines would be from £220 to £250 per mile. This line could deliver 40 nr 50b. p, 8 milee away. Ai the end of the 8000 volt wires they would reduoe tbe voltage aga ; n for houses and motors It was their business to see that these dillioul
ties did not hamper the power being utilised and they had to meet these difficulties and rffer the fullest assistance. Iα Tβi Tapu they were selling power at the rate of £9 pf r hp. per annum. They would not charge more for lighting than in the Akarca Borough, The actual rate should be made uniform. They had to undercut the oil engine not by delivering 5 per cent cheaper, but a great deal cheaper. If the power came it would bo the ohoapeet they oould get, The Department could not underout water power in nee already. In Akarna they had a very good water installation, and they oould not undercut that muoh, Tbe lines would have to follow the roads as far ac possible, but go by the shortest routes. Tbe wires should be within reach of the roads. For instance, to come from the Hill Top to Duvauohcllo would put the wire straight aorose coantry. The controlling of tho local line!) was a eimple thing. The question was how muoh revenue they could get out of the 40 miles The Department would require £1500 for tbe main 48 mi'e line, and tbe revenue on tbe line would inc'ude that piiid by the Christohurob City Co mail for their quarries at Birdling'e Flat il the power went there The Department must ccc the buei" ne3B before they constructed the main line, not in the fuel nr reeond year, that was not expected, but in me third or fourth year. He was not promising the line, as be could not do that, but bo could see that by tbf> figures put before him the visible supply the Government required to construct the line was to be had on the Peninsula. At present, owing to the war, tbe price of all material was almost double, bat they hoped in a few months to see it reduoed. There woald be over two months' work in laying out the line to tbe Peninsula. The Department would want £1500 for tha line construction and £800 extra per year to cover tHe whole ooet. In return for this they would supply to the Peninsula from 150 to 180 kilowatts
Mr Bruce said they would like to knoexactly what they would have to piy 'or power and light The estimated visible sip p'j in the Akaroa County did not include what wonld be used in the Wairowa County or Akaroa.
lit Birkß said the light and power were sold on a uniform basis, and if the Government saw the bnsine3sn Ihs Peninsula they would brng their line here Their charge 'was, roughly, a little leas than the Akaroa Borough oharge of 8s for 16c.p per annum, and £21 per annum for a 3 h.p motor. A lhp motor woud cost about £12, acd 2h.p motor £18 per annum. He con* eidered that if there was an annual return cf £6000 per annum that would cover tbe whole ccst of repaying the department at d the reticulation of the whole Peninsula disn trict from Tai TapnIn reply to a question, Mr Birks said that if the Akaroa County could get half their visible supply they could get the line to Aka roa, the chairman said the Depart, ment would have to know the minimum guarantee from the Peninsula. When they got tbe cost of construction from the Department they could go into -Sbat the cost would be It was a business proposition and they would not let it oost more than they bad to. They would want some central authority to control the Peninsula supply.
Mr Conway asked if tha 8s per year for a 16c,p light w&B tbe total coat. Mr Birks said 8s per year would cover the whole cost per year. In answer to Mr E. Hay, Mr Birks said
there would bo a restriction on the use of motors during lighting board. A3h p motor would cost £21 per year, but it could not be ueed from 6 pm. to 9 p.m. io each day otherwise it could be used at any other time io the 24 hours. In reply to Mr Goodwin, he said people would have to find their own motors. The Government would not want the whole of the income from motors and light for the construction of the 40 mile line, but anjthing up to 60 per cent of the whole inoome. Mr B, A. Fettigrew asked if the income required by the Department would be based in the Akaroa County on ihe whole 40 miles of tine or the mileago ef the line in the Aka roa County alone. Mr Birks paid he thought it would te better to tr at from Tapu to Akaroa ai one linn, for which the Government would rcquiro £1200 per ytar. The line would re supported the whole way, including ibe Chri3tchurch City Council's quarry at Poranui.
Mr C B Thacker aeked if electricity could be used solely in a cheese factory for power and heating Mr Bitks said the Tai Tapu Dairy Compnny weie getting a heater from America for their factory, *nd in Chrietohurah hot water services wet* used for heating purposes.
Heating by electricity was extensively ear. ried out in America He did not recommend
t nnder tbeir system, however, as ho d d iot think it was a iinauoial problem or jractioable at present, THE TAI TAPU SYSTEM. Mr Agar, who ie in charge of the Tai Ta[ n system, gave « short acaount of the TaiTnpn chenra. The factory wanted power, snd jould not get it alone, as it wae too costly, l'he cotnpsny canvassed the district, and when they started supplied 11 milking machines and 235 lights and one or two other motor installations. The electricity need at the factory cont as much as the coal. They had the best engineering advice, and appealed to Mr Birka when they were in difficulty, and got the best advice. Their retieu. lation with galvanised wire cost £120 per mile. They had just oompleied a contract to supply 120h.p to the Halswell quarry, They got a profit of 10$ per cent on the sale cf electricity, 4 per cent for maintenance, 6 per osnt to the Government, and there wqe $ per cent for the factory left. He was quite satisfied that theirs was a commercially sound scheme. In reply to a question, Mr Birks said in the case of a large hoase with 50 lights there would only be the full rate charged for 6 or 8 of the lights which were used continually, and a special reduced rate for those only used occasionally. Mr Goodwin asked what it had cost in Tsi Tapu to wire from the 3000 volt main. Mr A:ar said £2 per chain covered the cost. In reply to Mr Goodwin, Mr Birks said the 3000 volt wire from Duvauohelle to Pigeon Bay would cost about £250 per mile, and from the end ol the line in the bay £160 to £180 for reticulation. Mr Lewitt asked if Mr Birka had taken into consideration the cost -of reticulation in his estimated returns required by the Department. Mr Birks said if half the visible supply were taken up the return would repay the Department for the main 40 mile wire, which would coat roughly 60 per cent, and the remaining 40 per cent of income would oover the reticulation to the different bays. The Government could sell on the charges mentioned if they got the supply expected, otherwise they would not construct the main line. In reply to further questions, Mr Birks said the transforming from the 3000 volt wire for retioulation purposes would be a [email item. The Government would have tc have three transforming stations at Little ~. Bivcr, Duvanchelle and Akaros, where |be I NO COLD IS "NAZOL" PROOF
current would be broken down trom 11,000 volts to $000 volts. One man would look after the wire from Akaroa to Duvnnohelle, and another from Little River to Duvnuohelle. He bad taken th'S into his estimate.
WAIREWA COUNTY REQUIREMENTS
MR BTHKS AT LITTLE RIVER,
After meeting the Akaroa County delegates en Friday afternoon, Mr Birke went by car to'Liitle River, where it was arranged be should meet the Woirewa delegates at 3 p m. Hβ was. however, detained late at Duvnu clielle, and did not arrivo at Little Kiver until sometime after 4 d m,, when most of the delegates had given him up. He was, however mci by Jfr J FBnohanm, obairtnan rf the Wairewa County Council, And Messrs J O C G*-bbie Donald Gefobie, J O Coop, W. Aitken and T Qufniy, olertc of the County. It was arranged that Mr Birke should visit Little Kiver about July 30tb, and give an address in the Town Hall. He also said he would, about that time, spend a week on the Peninsula and inepeet the Wairewa County from Gebbio's Valley to Listl* River. Hβ suggested that transforming should be plaoed between Gabbie's Val ey and Kai , tuna and at Little River,
Tbore waiting on Mr Birbs informed him that there were 300 houses within easy distance of a main line, end 300 h p. would be utilised in the oouniy.
Mr Birks cafd there would be a very great likelihood of the line being pat through.
LAKE COLERIDGE ELECTRICITY., Akaroa Mail and Banks Peninsula Advertiser, Volume LXXV, Issue 3476, 20 July 1915
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