The Akaroa Mail. FRIDAY, APRIL 9, 1915. THE END OF THE WAR.
The probable duration of the war Is a matter of almost entire speculation, and even ttie views of the greatest authorities give but a mere surmise to this question. Scarcely a month aeo the commander of the British forces in France, Sir John French, was reported to have said ihat in his own and the opinions of those with him, tbe war would not last another year. This is the hope of everyouo, and the message from tho General was one of the brightest that has b'en received. No doubt the British ooramander had taken into consideration the great preparations that have 1 een developed dur'ng tho last six months for the genera! activity in tin? spring. One authority says:— '-On all sides there is a determination to renew the conflict on land with increased v : gour as a r -on as the approach of spring, which, according to the calendar, is due at the end of Mar' h, tringw übout a change of weather, and in the condition of the ground, so Ihat offensive operations on a large scalp may be undertaken. During the winter months many thousand'! of new troops have been in training in Germany H9 well as in Great Bn r lain, and they will be sent forward in Ihe ppring to reinforce tbe armies at tie front The 'wilting, once the weather improves, will be of a desperate character, and it wilbe continued a!inos>t without interruption. If neoeSEary, fighting can bn carried on until October, without serious interruption by the weather It remains to be seen what effect successive months of desperate fighting under favourable weather conditions will have on the belligerents It the next six monthß lo not see tbe end of the war, they will at least supply some data on which to form a dc-fn ite opinion whether tha end is in sight. Lord Kitchener has not expressed publicly any opinion as to the duration of the war, but when, shortly after tbo outbreak of hostilities, he accepted the Prime Minis ter's offer of the Cabinet post of Secretary for War, for tbe purpos of organising the British forces, he began his preparations on the assumption that the struggle wonld be a prolonged one. Ik was the nature of
'beee preparations which ;»<-" pt> " current ••'■' >■*•■ belief that the war would Inst .mV years. Many of the recruit ing p'acards which we c distributed thronpb, out the country bore the invitation, "Enlist for three yeare, or the duration ol the war.' At pres'Mt no one assume 9 that the war will a*t mure th»n yenr?, but if it is not •o,,cnd-'l by that time Great Britain will • ..-•■jnij*- ihe fitfht with vigour. Mr Winston r.i urohiil, the first Lord of the Admiralty, as publicly etated that even if our Allies were unable to continue the fight Great Britain would carry it on until Germany was educed to such a state tha*.she would no longer be a menace to tha-peace of Europe. But there is no likelihood of our Allies not being able to carry on with increased vigour, and in all probability before the spring campaign is much advanced, the strensth of our Allies will be increased by the inclusion "f Italy It appears certain that Italy is preparing also for a spring campaign, as she must be represented in the readjustment of Europe when the war is over. The forcing of the Dardanelles has made a profound impression upon the Italians, and it eeems probable that before many weeks are past sh will be fighting with tbe Allies. I' the offensive '<■■■ continued by the Russians and the Allies in F ance and Belgium make a vigorous offensive, there seems no prospect of the enemy developing any serious offensive. The German Fleet is bottled up in the Kiel Canal, and Austria and Turkey are practically beramed in by the Russians and the Dardanelles attacking forces, bo that (here seems an end of offensive fighting fo. the enemies. Udlbeb there is further trouble in the Balkans it appears thit the main struggle will be decided before the next six months are over