NOTES FOR FARMERS.
! FRUIT FARMING. i j ,| GOVERNMENT CRITICISED, | In a recently published article; the 1 Horticultural Division of tbe Depart--1 ment of Agriculture was rather freely ' criticised. The article said that tbe Division had "conducted experimental orchards in various parts of the Doi minion, where labour and money has been freely spent for many years, with out any consideration for monetary returns, and yet- not one of jthese experimental orchards _n show where at any time it bas discovered anything wbich praotioal orobardists had not already discovered 'before them, or done anything wbich had not already been done by the individual working at his own expense," It was pointed out to a "Dominion" representative last week that tbe ex perimental orcnards are not under tbe control of the Orchard Division, but are under tbe same control as experimental farms. The article referred to says, also that long after it had been proved that long after it had been proved that the northern gum lands could be made to grow fruit most successfully, tbe Hor tioultural Division undertook to show how the gum lands orchards should be worked, but it absolutely neglected the three first essentials, including deep cultivation and artificial fertilisers. It is considered that the writer of tbe article refers to tbe case of a Hen* derson orchard in which the Department undertook to demonstrate the best means of controlling codlin moth and restoring the orchard by spraying and up to date methods of culture This , case arose thirteen or fourteen years ago. A committee of Auckland fruit growers was appointed to watch the experiments and advise. The com mittee reported that the orchard con listed of about 12 acres, that tbe land bad been cleared of scrub, and had had one ploughing, and that the trees had been planted for about seven years; but that then the owner left the orchard, and the orchard was neglected. The Department was given the right to hold the orchard for four years, or to give it up before then if such a course was desired. The co__ittee's report was made in 1900, and in 1903 tbe committee advised that the orchard should be given up, as in their opinion nothing would be gained by continuing the experiments in this locality, as, owing to the natuje of tne soil, com bined with the exposure of the land to strong bleak winds, the idea of seeing wbatcoiild be done with regard to fruit growing in the district could not be carried out successfully, The owner sug gested that the Department sbouid carry on the orchard for another year ond demonstrate the effect of green manuring and deep cultivation. How ever, in tbe face of the committee's re commending, tbe Department did not feel disposed to accept this offer, and ' therefore, surrendered the orchard. —
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NOTES FOR FARMERS., Akaroa Mail and Banks Peninsula Advertiser, Volume LXXIV, Issue 3408, 23 February 1915