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Tha pursuit of the thousand-gallon ' cow i-j oertaiuly exhilarating, if it is not always succesful, flays the "Farmer and Stockbreeder" (England). From the glib way in which one hears h -sh prodigies talk of it might almost be iriiMgined that they can be found on every pasture, and that the daep ruiik ing qualities of British dairy cattle — pedigree and otherwise—were more intimately known to farmers than to tbo = P who hnvo v'n'y nought to buy ,-a,. o.noo oi stock. In aggregate, of course, there are a good few thousand gallon Ci--w-<, 'b« r is i<> say, cows that p'oduce 10,250 ibn. <4 mi k <<r over in a year; not during th< period of lactation which may be ex t+nd'd according to the idiosynoia-v of the animal or tbe wish of the breeder. Our experience clearly sbowsfcbat cows of this kind ins far from numerous, not so numerous as thes will be in the future if we aim at k bigh standard* This we onnofc ex pact to achieve by mere bapbuzatd methods. Brpeding for milk calls for the exercise of as great c <re as •■bo grading up of a beef race cr the stand aiding of a type It must be pursued

with sound judgment, having regard to purposes of the- breed and to need for a very proficient animal milking machine. A gallon herd average is certainly an eX'tlitd pinnacle to reach if oiih includes the first calvers in the returns We do not say that it is impossible of achievement , but when it. bas bet-n accomplisbul the breeder certainly de«eivts a niche in ihe temple of fame We are afijiid that fiorn a knowifdgi! of circumstances we are yet a long way from attaining to that ideal, and with the pedigree dairy Shorthorn one might ask whether, indeed, it is desirable. It is quite evident that a high average cat. only he obtained where exceptional milkers -iib kept, and socao of these cows wonld probably require to give at 1500 gallons in the year There ■ire cows chub bave accomplished thi?, iml are still capable of giving close upon that quantity; but these are Mteiy found. One might fitigge.-t nuier the citcurnslances that if ir, is de-si cable that pedigree dairy Shorthorns t-hould reach such a high state of lacteal development tbe other good qualities for which the breed is famed will almost inevitably .suffer Much better it would be to have a good but, not excessive yield of miik, and a type of animal which may always be described a3 a Shorthorn. Many breeders with 3fcrong sympathies towards the development of the milking Shorthorn recognise that the cow that gives a thous§nd gallons is as fully developed as is desirable in tho interests of the breed. Not only is it possible when a cow proves her worth at the pail to sell bulls much mote readily from her; but heifers ateo have an exalted value. Most breeders who have herds of pedigree dairy shorthorns are plagued with corespondents who seek to pur chase bulls at moderate prices out of cows that give one thousand gallons in a year. With a limited number of cattle of this description the praisoworthy purpose of obtaining a sire well descended seems to obsess tho3e who are .striking out on lines of their own ; but it is equally pertinent from the brooders point of view that sub stantial sums should be forthcoming for tho descendants of deep milking Btrains,

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NOTES FOR FARMERS., Akaroa Mail and Banks Peninsula Advertiser, Volume LXXIV, Issue 3475, 5 February 1915

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NOTES FOR FARMERS. Akaroa Mail and Banks Peninsula Advertiser, Volume LXXIV, Issue 3475, 5 February 1915

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