NOTES FOR FARMERS.
KEEPING CREAM COLD. i Most dairy farmers would deliver a better grade of cream if tbey bad a suitable place for keeping it until it is delivered. No one should attempt to ( keep tbe oream in a cellar or in a ( large tank of water where the daily j pumping is not sufficient to keep it cool. . _ If a suitable place cannot be built io a'well constructed milkhouse. tbefoliptfing arrangement will be found; t) I do-fairly well:—' . ,'•„.-'. ■■ ; Make a small water-tight box of two inch material, and a suflactent ehe (o ■ hdia ait the;^tisrtttfi lsir^l_; 'cturiaiicg thet cream.Thla ;box abpnld; have a tight fittiog be 'vWedjato, '.vv'faioh ' : Vr ill ■ fe', rbia %ii jd_ l setting when left Alone 1 ; itii'fi b'e tank. The beat, place* for thia tank is in the roilk bouse. It may be placed between tbe well and the stock* watering tank, and in that case another box or small; bouse should be built over it for pretectipn. All the water pumped from the stock should flow through this tank the inlet dischargibg near the bottom which (will force all the warm water out first* The overflow pipe should have one half inch larger diameter than, the inlet, in order that tbe water may be freely carried off Tbe water in the tank sbould be of sufficient dept to immerse the cans within two inches of the top. Another place that would be suitable for holding cre_m would be built inside the watering tank, or an ordinary empty barrel, if clean, may answer the purpose. Bore holes for the water inlet and outlet between the second and third hoops from the top. Make connection ;tbe same as for tbe box, | but be sure tbe inlet water pipe is extended nearly to tbe bottom. It is a good plan to bore one inch holes between tbe first and second hoops from the top and place rods through them, so the cans will not float when partly filled, Shelter this barrel the same as one would tbe box, remembering to change the water in the box or barrel often enough to ktep it reasonably cold, so that the cream may be kept at nearly the same temperature as the water from the well. Tbe milk in the top of a can just above tbe water level in a cooling vat cools much more slowly than the milk that is below that level In an experi ment all the cans were cooled by the same method. Tbe milk in some of 1 the cans was stirred every fifteen minutes, while tbat in others was not. The water in the cooling tank was G2 G deg. Fah The milk that was stirred cooled from nearly 90 degree. to slightly above 60 deg in three hours Tbe unstirred milk, did not get down to a similar temperature for four hours and fifteen minute.. Mean while, in. the unstirred milk all the milk above the water level in tbe running water was 5 deg. to 6 deg. warmer, The comparative rapid decrease in temperature when the milk was thoroughly stirred at intervals of fifteen minutes demonstrates the advantage of agitating the milk while cooling. Tbo time taken to cool the milk in either case, however, is too great foi practical use, and tbe test served best to demonstrate the necessity of employing some form of milk coolei euitible for the farm, and.more efficient than running well water,' When ice is plentiful and may be bad al reasonable cast, it is easy to reducf tbe temperature of the milk to dOdeg Fahr, This may be done by rm,_in£ the milk or cream over com. form o cooler around which cracked foe, or t mixture of 'ice,and salt, ja placed, oi through which ice water is eirci. ffciied — --— ■ -H'-^-
It The latent eoientific remedy fi _ CoOgl Influenza, Severe Colds, Bronchi.l 3, Nasi Catarrh. Cold in tbe head, Bore jfeioat. . i 1 "NASSQL" lis virtue is tba -"-'J. >#&._*',ll J bCtttles, prioo 1/0. ' - :■ __B__r '
r Where the milk is placed ,in cans and ' set merely in cold water, or even in a . tank filled with ice water, the cooling goes on very slowly, especially if the • cans are large,—"Leader," .1 ' i ii m .
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NOTES FOR FARMERS., Akaroa Mail and Banks Peninsula Advertiser, Volume LXXIV, Issue 3466, 1 January 1915
NOTES FOR FARMERS. Akaroa Mail and Banks Peninsula Advertiser, Volume LXXIV, Issue 3466, 1 January 1915
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