WAR IN EUROPE.
JAPAN AT WAR WITH GERMANY.
HEAVY LOSSES OP FRENCH AND GERMANS.
LAYING OF MINES BY GERMANS.
AUSTRIANS REPULSE RUSSIANS
AN EXCITING VOYAGE TO AUSTRALIA.
The formal declaration of war between Japan and Germany is the event of chief interest. The news of tbe Austrian defeat by the Servians is confirmed, and fuller details given. The Russians claim a great victory over the Germans at Gumbinnen, and refuse armistice to allow the lattrr to bury their dead. Enormous German and FreDoh losses are reported on the Vosges. The mine laying of the Germans continues. There are further details about the occupation of Liege, and the brave acts of Lieutenant Hemkart. A tourist party crossing from Java tellan exciting story of being chased by a German cruiser. Italy favours the Triple Entente.
London, August 23. Japan has declared war against Germany. Pekin, August 23. The Japanese have decided that tbe war areaextends from Obina eastward of the Yellow River. All Germans were under surveillance from noon on Sunday. The Japanese are ejecting Germans from Moukden, Chang Chun and Dalny, I' London, August 23. I The Japanese Embassy expects reI.istance1.istance from Kuio Chau, which will be well defended. There are several thousand Germans in the garrison there, and they have had time to make preparations for resistance. Ostend, August ;23.
It is reported that a big battle is progressing in Belgium, Balmont (the district round Mans and Oharleroi), following on a sanguinary encounter at Lille.
Amsterbam, August 23. The London "Daily Telegraph's" Antwerp correspondent Btates that tbe Germans have evacuated the whole of Northern Belgium.
London, August 23. The Servians, in four days' battle, routed 110,000 Austrians. They pierced the Austrian centre, using Napoleon's favourite tactics. The Austrian's fought in a bend of the River Drina, with their backs to the river, and suffered enormous losses. The Servians forced the entire divi sion into the valley when the artillery massacred the Austrians from the surrounding .heights. St. Petersburg, Aug. 23, It is officially stated that in the early stages at the operations at Gum binnen (36 miles south-east of Tilsit, East Prussia), the Germans attempted an enveloping movement, and later asked for an armistice to bury their dead, This was refused, and the Russians are now pursuing the Germans who are withdrawing to the frontier at Willenburg 94 miles south of tbe strong fortified town of Gunbinnen. London, August 23.
The French Embassy states tbat the Russians defeated tbe three German army corps at Gumbinnen.
St. Petersbubg, August 23. It is officially stated that there have been enormous German losses during the last few days' fighting. Pabis, August 23. Reuter states that the French losses on the Vosges during the last three days' fighting were very heavy, those of the Germans being indisputably as great.
The officii.l statement says that the French left a small neutral zone in side the frontier, where tbe Germans advanced to the crests, making it necessary to dislodge them. The French captured the Hobuok and Schluch Passes. The difficulties of this operation were the greater, as these were the central sections where the Germans were entrenched. The French got round by Urbeis (ten miles north-west of Colmar), Soales and the passes of Ses, and shelled the German rear. This operation proved costly to the French, especially at Soales, but paved the way" to the occupation of Dinon and Soales, and opened up the Bruche Valley. London, August 23.
French reports confirm the fact that the recent fighting secures the virtual occupation of the eastern face of the Vosges from Dinon to Ballon. The Admiralty warns neutrals that tbe Germans continue to scatter mines indiscriminately, which does not conform to the conditions of the Hague Convention, in that they do not be-co-je harmless after a few hours, and are not laid in connexion with a definite naval scheme, but are scat tiered on tbe chance of catching a British warship or merchant vessel. In addition to the Maryland and Broberg two Dutch steamers clearing Swedish ports were blown up by German mines in the Gulf of Finland.
The Admiralty, therefore, warns neutrals to call at British ports before I entering the North Sea, in orde*r to ascertain the routes which the Admiralty is keeping swept clear of mines. The Admiralty adds that, though the British Navy reserves for itself the utmost liberty of retaliatory action against the new form of warfare, they have not laid any mines dnring the present war, London, August 23-
The Press Bureau states that the Danish steamship Maryland, from Copenhagen, struck a mine on Friday night on the main trade route, twenty-five miles from land. The Danish steamer Broberg saw the disaster and launched boats, but failed to find the crew. The Broberg anchored for the night, and recom meneed her search in the morning, when she herself struck a mine and foundered, but her crew were saved, with the exception of the engineer, and landed at Lowestoft.
Amsterdam, August 23. Messages from Vienna state that the Austrians repulsed Russian cavalry north of Lemberg. One Russian general was killed, and another wounded and conveyed to a hospital at Lemberg. A Yilna telegram states tho. tthe Russians, after a battle, occupied Insterberg, in East Prussia. Antwerp, August 23.
Lieutenant Hemkart has become famous for his heroic exploits by daily reconnoitring in an armoured motorcar of his own design. Accompanied by three others, he has obtained valuable information of of the enemy's position, and shows the great possibilities of the motor car. Incidentally, he has killed a large number of Uhlans, and extricated himself from several traps that have been laid for him. Ho held his own at Westerloo against two companies af cyclists and a squadron of cavalry, totalling 450 men, and in the fight killed 25 of bis assailants and wounded many others. Paris, August 23-
Acute tension is reported between Italy and Austria. The latter reproaches Italy with affording facilities to the Alii s in tbe Adriatic.
Reuter states that it has strong reasons for saying that Italy will shortly interfere in favour of the Triple Entente. The eldest son of Dreyfus is fighting at Mulhausen.- He was promoted on tbe battlefield for gallant behaviour,
Sydney, ' August 24
A party of tourists who have returned from a trip to Java report that they had an exciting voyage across the Gulf of Carpentaria. When the ship reached Darwin the captain was informed of the presence of two German cruisers. He decided to risk the return voyage. On the second night out he sighted a cruiser which was firing rocket distress signals. The ruse failed, and the captain maintained a clear course with bis lights out and his portholes painted black. He passed undetected eight miles from the cruisers, and arrived safely at Thursday Island.
London, Aug. 28 The "Daily Chronicle's" Amsterdam correspondent says that the situation of the citizens of Liege is very unfavourable, A shot was fired from a house on Friday, and the Germans immediately opened fire with machine guns destroying twenty houses and killing the inmates, and burning ten other houses. All the money in private banks has been confiscated
The tribute demanded by the Ger mans from Liege comprised £2,000,000 from the province, and the remainder £400,000 from the city.
There have been a number of cases where Territorials guarding railways, etc., have fatally shot members of the public for failing to stop. In several cases the victims had not heard tbe challenge. Many Osfcend refugees are arriving at Folkestone.
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WAR IN EUROPE., Akaroa Mail and Banks Peninsula Advertiser, Volume LXXIII, Issue 4424, 25 August 1914
WAR IN EUROPE. Akaroa Mail and Banks Peninsula Advertiser, Volume LXXIII, Issue 4424, 25 August 1914
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