NOTES FOR FARMERS.
IMPROVING THE . BUTTER
The annual report of the South island Dairy Association contains the following reference to .the need for improving dairy herds.— The question of improvement,of our dairy herds by culling after proper testing—that is, weighing and testing lon proper lines regularly and systematically—should be considered. Of all the plana and schemes before us there is probably none tbat there are bigger cash results in than the improved j milting capacity of our cows. In this South Island our cows supplying factories do not average over 1701b. butter fat per cow per annum. There are factories where the cows are not averaging over 1501b. ' By careful breeding from the best bulls, come from woll authenticated milking strains, it .is quite possible in a few years to bring tbe average New Zea laud cow up another 1001b. of butterfat jer cow, which would not even rhen be a very high average. As there are at out 200,000 milking cows, in New Zealand, this would mean an addition of £1,000,000 per annum to our revenue, calculating butter fat at one shilling per lb. We have now a means of getting stock for breeding from an assured milking straiD, the Holstein, Ayrshire, and Jersey Breeders' Association, having now for *nme time been testing under the Government semi official test. Among those breeders are many who have cows whose tests for the full "period of lactation prove that many are giving from 500 to GOOib. of butter fat, and in several cases over 6001b., so that to aim at 2701b, as a desirable goal is not expecting too much. .
In the North Island cow testing associations have proved of great bene : fit, and bave fairly opened tbe eyes of dairymen there to the value of breed ing from the very beat stock, even at considerable cost, so much so tbat, sad to say, our South Island breeders find their best customers in tbe North Island. They, in the North Islanj3, have proved that to pay a good big.price for a good bull is by no means an extravagance, but a sound paying proposition. Some action should be taken to bring out more good cattle from Home by either joint efforts or individually. ] In the dairy industry the importation and use of the best class of bulls has long been almost neglected, We want to copy our Clydesdale breeders, who, year by year for a long time, have spared no money to bring out the best stock possible, with the result that our Clydesdales are a credit to the country. The value of good bulls to the- dairy industry is greater to the vast majority of farmers than even these good horses. If our dairy cows were improved we could meet the rising price of land without feeling the results, and we can improve if we are willing, and it is surprising that South Island dairymen general y are not wore active on the matter i
DOUBLING MILK PRODUCTION.
Clarence Gould, whose farm is oo the eastern branch of the Delaware River, has in a few years inc. e-ieed the fertility of his soil so that be has doubled tbe number of bis herd of cows, and bas mostly substituted pure bred and high grades for scrubs, and, in tbis way bas nearly doubled the milk production per cow. This means that tbe receipts for milk from tbe farm are four times greater than form erly, writes W. H. Jenkins to the Ohio
Clareuce Gould is a young man who witb bis father owns and works a iarm of 450 acres, that is partly a rich brook flat and partly upland. There is plenty of pure cold spring water, that makes tbe pastures the best in the world, And tbe flats along the river produce laige crops of ensilage maize, meadow grasses, forage crops, grain, etc., so the natural coudi'ions are very .favourable for dairy farming. Because of age and failing strength, Clarence Fould's father bas wisely given bis son a chance to go shead, and put in practice some of his progressive idea 9. Oneot these was the breeding up of a better herd of cows. It is quite evid cut that the keeping of the purebred cow bas been a means of educating both the father and son, and has been the incentive to work into scientific and profitable dairy farming, When a man pays a large price for a pure bred animal he will study to learn how to rightly freed, bouse, and ear? for it; how to produce on tbe farm a balanced, succulent, and palatable roughage for bis cattle and how to house tbem in a sanitary barn. "How many cows did you keep when you began farming-on this farm?"
"About 45; this was about seven or eight years ago "
"How ■ were you able to increase your herd to 100 ?" •'We put on more cattle and at first fed mor9 hay than was produced on another farm, and bought sufficient grain to feed tbem well. We saved all tbe liquids in the manure, and made so much that we enriched the soil so it produced very large crops of grass and maize. lie began by buying a purebred bull, and later got some cows, and has since owned part purebred Hoisteins and part high grades. He expects to substitute all the grades with the purebred cattle. The winter rations is roughage, maize silage and mixed hay. The grain ration is about 8 qunris per day of a mixture of glutin meal, cottonseed and wheat mixed feeds. In summea the cattle have gooctpasture with oats and peas late in thelfommer. The plan of farming is the same as is generally in this locality, maize, followed by grain as a nurse crop for gras seeding, except that a meadow may be left in grass for several years and top dressed. The total receipts and expenditure from the farm last year taken from
his books or closely estimated are as follows : — Receipts. £ I Milk 501 d... 2000 Surplus stock ~ 20 Fruit and vegetables for family use 60 Fuel from timber lot 20 £2100 Expenses, £ Grain bill 400 Lahour bill for work not done by the family 140 Incidental expenses 60 Taxes and insurance ... ... 30 Interest on investment ... 300 ! £930 These figures show that good dairy ! farming is profitable.—"Pacific Dairy ' Review."
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NOTES FOR FARMERS., Akaroa Mail and Banks Peninsula Advertiser, Volume LXXII, Issue 439, 26 May 1914
NOTES FOR FARMERS. Akaroa Mail and Banks Peninsula Advertiser, Volume LXXII, Issue 439, 26 May 1914
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