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Thß following article from an exchange ia of interest:—Very often there are good-framed young ewe 3 which are quite passible after the shears bave taken off tbe small amount of wool which they carry to tha shearing board, and which, without an in spection before shearing, would pro bably be drafted into next years breed ing flock. This would be avoided by inspecting them in their wool and and marking to the skin any sheep with any defective fleece. Sometime? the wool has been lost by the sheep being cast on their backs, for a time or by getting ,into a fevered condition; but in nine cases out of ten it is caused by careless breeding. Bams have been used which are. patchy, too fine in the wool, bare on the points, and weak on the baok. Such wool frequently peels off before shearing, and renders the sheep unprofitable The remarks of Dr Beakes in tbis con nection should not be lost sight of. He says that "through England and Scotland we see particular breeds dom'cilfd in different districts, and each ihe particular soil and climate, conditions existing there. Perhaps the British farmer is at times too conservative, and too parochial in this matter; yet tbe principle is a sound one, and one which could be foi lowed out in New Zealand with profit to a much greater extent than is tbe case at tbe present time," Vari ous breeds have been evolved whicb can be successfully kept on land whicb is not naturally suitable for sheep Whether ewes suitable to this country can be obtained or not, it is always possible to secure rams of tbe breeds needed; but an effort should be made to suit the sheep to the country on wbich they are to run. There should be m doubts as to what class the sheep belong to, Their breeding make that apparent.

Beginning with a nondescript lot of ewes, there is no assurance of class in tbe progeny, The sheep can be judged very much better in the wool than after shearing, In permanent flocks any sheep which does not class with the "others, whether too 1 fine or too strong, will be'rejected. Marking the sheep before shearing enables the flock-owner fet a glance to pick out wool he does not approve. Tbe shears have a wonderful effect in obscuring defects of this kind, and dipping does not help tbe selection. There are many reasons for culling ewes which will be noticed later on, but it should not be forgotten that good ewes are difficult to obtain. No flook-owner will part with good ewes if he can help it, and any purchases should be subjected to close scrutiny if they are specially good looking young sheep.

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Bibliographic details

NOTES FOR FARMERS., Akaroa Mail and Banks Peninsula Advertiser, Volume LXXII, Issue 4397, 19 May 1914

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NOTES FOR FARMERS. Akaroa Mail and Banks Peninsula Advertiser, Volume LXXII, Issue 4397, 19 May 1914

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