The Akaroa Mail. TUESDAY. FEBRUARY 24, 1914 SCIENCE IN THE HOME.
In an article under tbi3 title tb p "Dominion" calls attention to the fact that the home is tbe last place into wbicb science has found its way. Tbe changes wrought by modern Bcience are many ; by its means trade and commerce and organization of i business have been revolutionised. our mean 3 of transport raarvelloualj expedited. Bcience play 3 an important part in State and municipal activities, and is an important factor in the means of procuring our amuse ments. '-The home life of the people is still to a very large extent arranged and controlled in accordance with tbe dictates of ancient tradition, and no where does tbe conservative instinct of the British race assert itself more strongly than in tbe ordering of our domestic affairs. But the modern spirit baa now made its presence felt in the household, and it wi.il gradually extend its influence. The very idea ol a "scientific home" is at first some what repellent—indeed it sounds al most sacreJigious; but tbe application of a little queit thought to the subject brings comfort aud reassurance, for, domestic science simply means a knowledge of the best way of performing tbe necessary household duties, and the most effective methods of keeping tbe house clean, healthy and comfortable. This is such an import ant matter that it has become necessary to find a place in our educational eystem for instruction in home management, and people are now wonder* ing why this was not done years ago." The '• Dominion " continues to quote from the report of the working of tbe Home Bcience Dβ partrnent, wbich was presented to the University Council last week. Iα establishing a department of this sort Ditnedin has given a lead to the rest of New Zealand, and it seems to Uβ that tbe "Dominion" ia quite right in advocating an extension of the department to all centres of edu cation. We know how useful farmers find the •application of science to agriculture, and bow the man farming on scientific lines must get ahead of tb p
farmer who muddies along in the old fashioned way. The latter- mii;h h ,
wilh luck, havp a ?nec?ssful foison or two, but with the fuller knr)'.vl;-:<iga be might inomise that hu-lc Uirot-f,>"'}.
'In New Zealand," co:i:.ini.s I'-o
"Domioioa," •'this h jus now receiving a good deal of aiten
fcion, and Dnriedin has given a lend to th 9 rest of tLio Dominion by securing the establishment of a Home Science Depurtrnenfc in connection with the University. In her report on the past year's operation?, Professor Boys Smith shows that the institution has been started on right line?; and that it \a making very encouraging progress, List winter work was started with nine degree students, 17 diploma students, and 21 taking single or group courses, making a total on the roll of 47 .students ; and the report states that this year a large number of fresh students are coming forward, so that the department will soon be larger than ever. The fact that good positions have been found for the first diploma students indicates that there is a growing detnaud for instruction in domestic science, and Professor Boys Smith points out that it will rest with students and those who will follow tbem 'to prove that it i 3 desirable for women to take up this land of education, and that ie would be an even better thing to have it introduced into girls' schools all over the Dominion." Without a glance at the report submitted to the University, it is difficult to esiimate what science in the home exactly means. If it will mean rendering housework, cooking, etc., more interesting tban the ordinary housewife finds these occupations, the new course will have dono much. Also if it instils into pupils the need for cleanline33 in all parts of domenu'c life, and tha troubles arising from badiy cooked food, science in the home will be found a friend indeed. The "Dominion" only gives the outline of the new course on general lines, and we quote a few words relative to the nalute of the work of the department- "The use of eeien tific methods should tend to make housewifery a more interesting occu pation, and lessen the drudgery of domestic duties. Wo are told that ' the biological unit of human life is neither the individual nor the State, bub the family '; and how surprisingly slow we have been to realise the bearing of tbis fact upon the methods of education. Ie has long been recognised that special training is needed to fit our young people' for other walks of life, but we are just beginning to wake up to the fact that science has bad Its place in the homo, and tbe ordering of those domestic arrangements upon which
the botlth and happiness of families so largely depend."