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To commemorate appropriately the com pletion of the Panama Canal there will be held in H»n Francisco an international exposition, whioh will be opened to the public on February 20. 1915, and will olose on Sat urday, December 1 ot that year, extending from winter to winter, a period of nine and one half months.

The Panama Paciiio International Exposi tion will be the supreme effort on the part of America to produce a splendid celobration. On January 31, r.HI, the Congress of t c Uu.ed States selected San Francisco as the moat desirable site for this formal celebration Oa October 14, 1911, in the presence of two hundred thousand people, tbe President ol tho United States, Honourable William Howard Tuft, inaugurated the preparation of the exposition by turning the first spadeful of earth at Sftn Franeisoo. On February 2, 1912 the President of the United States issued a proclamation an nounolng that (he Exposition would be held and inviting the nations of the world to join America in the celebration on a scale befitting their dignity and importance, Thus far twenty seven of the world,s naJ'ons have accepted the United States mv t. tion to participate and the assured partioipa. Hon of many other nations promises that the flslebfation wi'l In every way meet the Blandard of tho Un ted Slates. Early ill the preparation for the Exposition more than twenty million dollars, the largest initial fund ever subscribed for a universal exposition, was assured by the City of San frarioisco and the State ol California. Many millions have been Bubsoribed by the ComOBJnwealths of the Unit d States, and every eimmonwealth in the United States will bo r (presented. The largest subscription by an American commonwealth is th t of tho State Of New Yoik, 8700,000 : Massachusetts has Bubsoribed $250,000; Illinois 1*300,000 ; New Jersey ft'.UO.UOO; Oregon and Washington Bach 1173,000 The average subscription of the States i< $173,000 In two hours San Francisco on April 28, 1910, almost four yeari after the great catastrophe at which more than 15700,000,000 of were wiped ou\ Bub3.ribed the sum 01 $1,089 000 B3 a beginning fund. Stieh ia the enthusiasm With which San Francisco initiated and b prosecuting this great enterprise The looal management of the exposition is entrusted to v Board of Directors thoroughly representative of tho trade, commerce, bank' log, manufacturing, professional and civio interests of the west coast of America These thirty directors, fully recognising the import"ance of their task and the v-st responsibility it entails, are devoting their intolligonoe and _6.t energies to the undertaking, Tha lar. ger direction of the exposition is under the supervision of the United States Department of State. All administrative branches, the executive divisions and departments of the Exposition are under the authority of the-president of lbs corporation. The members ot tho execu • livs oommittee of (bo corporation and the comptroller of the exposition constitute the .ftbloet of the president. Tho exeou'ivo

stall of tl c president consists of a Direolor.iu CnW a Director of D. vision of Exhibits, a Diieotor of Exploitation, a Director cl Division of Works, and a Director of Division oi Concisions and Admissions. Under these officers subordinate departments for the supervision of exhibits, ot oonstruotiou and maintenancj nre provided for, each department having its individual head or chief. The president of ihe Panama Pacific International Exposition is Charles Cadwell Mooro, president of Charles Moore and Company, engineers, incorporated. He is also a dir clor in many financial institutions. The lT.rector-in Chief of the Exposition is D*. Frederick J. V- Skiff, v ho is also director of the Field Museum of Chicago. Dr. Sk'ff is recognised as the world's leading exposition authority, and bia large experience in this important line of wotk commands Ihe ai c ition end re; pect of everyone. J r Skifl vaß Deputy Director-General of the Worlds Columbian Exposition at Chicago in 1893 At that exposition, it will;be recal'ed, the United States celebrated-the discovery ol America by Christopher Columbus. Dr. S-kiff w*s of the United Siatts exhibits at Paris Exhibition in 1900 and Director of Exhibits at tha Louisiana I'urchase Exposition at St. Louis in 1904. The site of the Exposition is splendidly adapted to its nature as a maritime c elebra lion The grounds of the Exposition comprise 625 acres, in a section of Ban Francisco, forming a natural amphitheatre overlooking San Francisco Bay and its entrance to the Pacific Ocean at the " Golden Gate." The grounds extend along the shoree of the \ harbour for almost three miles, and lie 'partly between two military reservations, in .eluding a port ; on of one of the reservations. An invitation has been extended by the President of the United States to Powers tc be represented with detachments of theil fleets upon the opening ot the Exposition, From unofficial advico it ie anticipated thai more than two hundred war vessels from the nnv.ea of the world's nations will be assembled before the exposition grounds. On the south, east and west the hills of San Francisco and of the presidio reaerya tion tower three hundred feet above the site, and successive hills may be se6n in tht distance rising to nine hundred feet. The spectacle thus presented ia one of the most charming and impressive afforded in »ny harbour in the world. The magnificent surroundings called for great architectural effects in the exposition buildings, and a number of internationally known architects planned the exposition palaces upon a superb and impressive scale.

Work upon tho exposition is progressing rapidly, and approximately four thousand men are now scattered over the site. This number will, it is antio'pated, reach ten thousand before the highest point of com struction is reached. All of the main group of exhibition buildings, of which there will be fourteen, will bo completed and teady for tho installation of exhibits at least eight months before tho opening day of the exposition.

It is lhe purpose of tho exposition to bring together the achievements and activities of tbe world during the past decade fcr inspection and study by the world's experts and tho instruction and information of all classes. The clag<)ifi- ; <tion of the exhibits is comprehensive and repre entative. It affords a contemporary reoord of tho progress of tho progress of the human ruce, and has been re/ viewed by many international authorities upon expositions. The division of exhibits is composed of eleven departments as follows: Department A, fine arts; department B, education: department C, sociial economy; department D, liberal arts; departmentE, manufactures and varied industries; department F, machinery ; department G, transportation ; department H, agriculture; department I, live stock; department X, horticulture; department L, mines and. metallurgy. The exposition will review the progress Of

tho woild nnd will forecast the fntrre. I fc j vill ha entirely contemporaneous as far aa | jiwards are eoncenwd, find no commercial ; ■nicie manufactured before 3905 will Ye eviewed Al;hcu{._ mo?t compnhersive in ! ns-ifi,--.t'pn, it will be s-ebctne r.ither than I~- era! Ih.- test « E (xh'Mi.d ar'iclrs is re's i <jna It v rather thin <|'i n i<-.>', wVu>h, f om j n ducitio'ial pom; o; v'm*, is <>f ihe utirost fll.i' to the seeker .-f know kdgp, ,r r i* .. a': '■ fo condensation in It.c nuir.ber of x.,ib 18. jiimiiiiilion of fv_o • | 'h- 'le coir'.'rvation t> the vi.--'for >f roth mental ami phyiicii Th tiec sful following out of -nch a line of pol'ey enta ,B a neofSiity of ai <xtct ay a p=li-nnte, and consequently it is uecese-a<\! th -t all applications for space shall state the exact space required fir the artistic educational presentation of the exhibit. The Panama Pacific International Exnosit'on has made a tremendous appeal to t! c . atriotism and pride of the A-nerici n people. It i 3 a tremendou- event in the hißtory 0 the United States. In the e->timß-tion of -he controlh r o! the exposition s'xteen million pounds (80,000,003 dollars, gold) w;ll c required for its presentation, nput from the still vaster sums represented in lhe exhibits of the world.

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THE PANAMA-PACIFIC EXPOSITION., Akaroa Mail and Banks Peninsula Advertiser, Volume LXXI, Issue 4356, 9 December 1913

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THE PANAMA-PACIFIC EXPOSITION. Akaroa Mail and Banks Peninsula Advertiser, Volume LXXI, Issue 4356, 9 December 1913

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