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iPORTS, WATERWAYS, AND RAILWAYS. Germany is required to grant freedom of transit and full national treatment to vessels, rolling stock, etc., coming from or going to any Allied or associated State, and passing in transit through German territories goods in transit, and be free of Customs duties. Rates, of transport are to be reasonable and no charges or facilities are to be depend directly or indirectly on the flag of .the vessel. Provisions are made against discrimination fry the control of transmigrant traffic, and all kinds of. indirect discrimination are prohibited. International transport is to be expedited, particularly for per-' ishable goods. There is to be no discrimination in transport charges ajid facilities against Allied ports. Free zones in German ppt»a are to be maintained, and adequate facilities are to be provided for trade requirements distinction of. nationals. Certain limited charges are permissible in free ports of the Elbe, from the junction of vltavu, Oldau, and Vltava below Prague, to Oder from its confluence with the Oppa. The Nieman below Grodno, and the Danube below Ulm are declared international, together .with , the portions of their affluents. Nationals' property and flags of all States are to be treated on a footing of perfect equality with subjects, etc., 1 of the riparian States, and various, conditions are imposed to* ensure facilities at reasonable charges and maintenance , of navigation under the supervision of i the League of NafciQns.^jief"of interna- ; tional commissions. These a-re to meet ; , in the near future to prepare projects j for the revision of existing agreements, | which are temporarily to remain in force. Germany is to hand over within three months from notification a" proportion of its river shipping, tugs, and , material. In the case of the Danube, the former Commission is to resume its pre-war powers, but only Great Bri- '. tain, France; Italy, and Roumania. are to be represented on it. From, the point where the competence of the Commission ceases, an international j commission is to be appointed to administer the whole of. the Upper.: Danube until a definite -statute is! arrived at. Provision is also made for ■ a deep-draught Ithine-fDanube canal, ! should it be decided ,to construct it , within 25 years. ' ' ' j The Rhine and Moselle form the sub- j iect of a special series of clauses. The j convention of 1868 is in general to : remain in force, with important motSiii- } cations. The expanded Central Com- ' mission is to sit at Strassburg. France j to name the president. As Holland is a•■• party to this convention, the modifications are subject to her assent. Within ; three months Germany is to hand over : to , France ;v ■proportioH»of tugs and ; ... .river shipping from lUiinei.harbours, or j shares in the German Navigation Com- . pauy's proportion of buildings. The tugs, etc., owned by Germans in Rotterdam in harbour on August 1, 1914, or shares in such concerns, is similarly to be handed over. France is to have full rights all along her own frontier j to use water from the Rhine for canals, j etc.. and to carry out works for driving ! motive power, subject to certain pay- ' ments and to the consent of the Com- • mission. Germany is to undertake to make no canals on the right bank oppo- : site, the French frontier, and to grant France certain privileges on the right ; bank for the establishment oi : certain | engineering works, subject to payment i and compensation. Switzerland is also j entitled to demand similar rights for the upper part of the river. If within 25 veajs Belgium decides to construct a. Rhine-Meuse canal; the German Gov- . ernment is bound to construct such ', parts of it as fall within' German territory according.' to plans drawn up by.■■ the Belgian Government, the expenses to be divided among' the various States. Germany is to make no objection to the Commission extending its juristic- : , tinn if desired to the Lower Moselle, j with the consent of the Luxemburg Government, and to the Upper Rhine with the consent of the Swiss Govern- < ment. and to lateral canals and watevwavs which may bY constructed to im- •' prove navigation. "'Thit German Government is to lease to the CzechnSlovnk Republic for 99 years areas in the harbours of Hamburg and Stettin : as free zones. j

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SECTION TWELVE., Ashburton Guardian, Volume XXXIX, Issue 9606, 10 May 1919

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SECTION TWELVE. Ashburton Guardian, Volume XXXIX, Issue 9606, 10 May 1919