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Belgium.—Germany is to consent to the abrogation of the treaties of 1839, by which Belgium was established as a neutral State and her frontier, etc., fitted, and to agree in advance to any convention with which the Allies may determine, to replace them. Germany is to recognise the full sovereignty of Belgium over the contested territory of Moresnet and over part of Prussian Moresnet, and is to renounce in favour of Belgium, all rights over Kupen and Malmedy, the inhabitants of which-are to be entitled within six months to protest against this change in whole or part, the final division to be reserved for the League of Nations. A Commission is to settle details of the frontier, and various ■ regulations for individual changes of nationality are laid down. Territories ' Belgium will be free of all obligations to .Luxembourg.

Germany renounces various treaties and conventions with the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, which recognises that it ceased to be part of. the German zollverein from Ist January last, it renounces all rights of exploitation of railways, and adheres to the ■ abrogation of its neutrality, and accepts in advance any international agreements as to it reached by the Allied and Associated 'Powers.

Left Bank of the Rhine.—As subsequently provided in the military section, Germany must not maintain or construct any fortifications less than 50 kilometres to the east of the Rhine. In the above area, Germany may maintain no armed force either permanent or temporarly, nor hold any manoeuvres, nor maintain any works for facilitating mobilisation, if the provisions of this article are violated, she shall be regarded as committing an hostile act against the signatories of the Treaty, and as intending to distxirb the world's peace. By virtue of the treaty, she j must respond to any' request for explanation, which the Council of the .League of Nations may address to her.

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Bibliographic details

SECTION THREE. POLITICAL CLAUSES: EUROPE., Ashburton Guardian, Volume XXXIX, Issue 9605, 9 May 1919

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SECTION THREE. POLITICAL CLAUSES: EUROPE. Ashburton Guardian, Volume XXXIX, Issue 9605, 9 May 1919