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Upon any war or threat of war, the Council will meet to consider what common action shall be taken. Members are pledged to submit the matter of dispute to arbitration or enquiry, and not to resort to war until three months after the award. Members agree to carry out an arbitral award, and not to go to war with any party to a dispute which complies with it. If a member fails to carry out the award, the Council will propose the necessary measures. The Council will formulate plans for the establishment of a permanent Court of International Justice to determine international disputes, or give advisory opinion. Members who do not submit their cases to arbitration must accept the jurisdiction of the Council or Assembly. The Council, less the parties to the dispute, js unanimously agreed upon the right, or if the members agree that they will not go to war with any party to the dispute which complies with its recommendations. In this case, the recommendations by the Assembly, concurred in by all its members represented on the Council, and as the simple majority of the rest, less the parties to the dispute, will have the force of unanimous recommendation by the Council. In either case, if necessary agreement cannot be secured, members reserve the right to take such action as may be necessary for the maintenance of right and justice. Members resorting to war in disregard of the Covenant, will imediately be debarred from all intercourse with other members. The Council will, in such cases, consider what military or naval action can be taken by the League, collectively, for the protection of its covenants, and will afford facilities to members co-operating in this enterprise.

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PREVENTION OF WAR., Ashburton Guardian, Volume XXXIX, Issue 9605, 9 May 1919

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PREVENTION OF WAR. Ashburton Guardian, Volume XXXIX, Issue 9605, 9 May 1919

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