LONDON, May 7. The following is the official summary of the Peace Treaty, which consists oi a descriptive introduction, preamble, and fifteen sections. The draft to the Treaty of Peace, now landed to the Germans, is designled, in the first instance, to set forth the conditions upon which .alone, the ! Allied and the Associated Powers will make peace with Germany, and to establish those international arrangements which the Allies have devised for the prevention of wars in the future and the betterment of mankind. For this latter reason, it includes the Covenant of the League of Nations, and the International Labour Convention. The draft treaty, however, does not deal, except incidentally, with problems arising from the liquidation of the. Austrian Empire, nor withf the territories of the two enemy Powers, I Turkey and Bulgaria, except in so fas as it binds Germany to accept whatever subsequent settlement made and decided upon by the Allies, in the case of these belligerents. The Treaty is divided into 15 sections. The first section contains the Covenant of tho League of Nations, to which functions are assigned in various places by treaty. The second section describes the geographical frontiers of Germany, beginning at the north-east-ern point of the present Belgian frontier. The third section, whicn consists of 12 clauses, binds the Germans to accept the political, changes in Europe brought about by the Treaty. It establishes two new States, Czecho-Slo-vakia and Poland, and provides for their recognition. It revises the basis of Belgian sovereignty and alters the boundaries of Belgium, and establishes new systems of government in Luxembourg and the Saar Basin. It restores Alsace-Lorraine to France, and provides for possible additions of territory to Denmark, it binds Germany to recognise the independence of FirI man. Austria, and to accept the conditions to be laid down as to those I States or Governments, which have created themselves since, the Russian revolution. ' The fourth section deals i with the political reconstruction of the ! territories outside Europe affected by ! the war. It contains a general renunciation by Germany of her possessions and rights abroad. By it she yields her colonies to the Allies, together with her rights in Africa, under the various international conventions, particularly the Berlin Act of 1885, and the Brussels Act of 1895, which have regulated European enterprise in tropical Africa. This section gives international recognition to the British protectorate in Egypt, and annuls the Act of Algericas, which was one main point in the German policy of aggression, which led to the war. The fifth section sets forth the military, naval, and air conditions of peace,, limits the size of the German army, and navy, and abolishes compulsory recruiting in Germany, as the first step towards general disarmament. The Bixth section imposes on all the signatory Powers the obligation to maintain all graves of the fallen, and regulates the return of prisoners of war. The seventh section deals with responsibilities and punishment, and provides for the trial of the ex-Emperor William. The eighth section sets forth the reparation and restitution to be made by Germany, and contains special, provisions relating to doeximents and war trophies seized by the Germans in earlier wars. The ninth section contains financial clauses, mainly designed to put into operation the provisions of the previous bection. The tenth section, which is of great length and complexity, contains economic provisions and re-estab-lishes various non-political international treaties and conventions, which in i such matters as posts, telegraphs, and ' sanitary regulations have been binding on civilised'iPowers before the war. Attached to this section is a special provision to regulate traffic in opium and similar drugs. The eleventh section deals with aerial navigation. The twelfth section contains clauses dealing with international control of ports, canals, rivers, and railways, with special provision for the Kiel Canal. The thirteenth contains the Labour Convention. The fourteenth contains guarantees for the execution of the-treaty. The fifteenth is made up of a series of miscellaneous clauses, including recognition of other subsequent Treaties of Peace, and confirmation of the Prize Court decisions. The final clauses deal with the ratification and the date of entering into force of the Treaty, both the French and English texts of which are recognised as authentic. . The preamble, which recites shortly the origin of the war and the application of the Germans for an armistice, enumerates the High Contracting Parties represented by the five Great Powers^ the United States of America, the British Empire, France, Italy, and Japan, together with Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, China, Cuba, Ecuador, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, the Hedjaz, Honduras, Siberia, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Roumania, Serbia, Siam, Czecho-Slovakia, and Uruguay on the one hand, and Germany on the other. The plenipotentiaries representing these iPowers are enumerated,, "who having communicated their full powers, found in good and true form, have agreed as follows:
OFFICIAL SUMMARY. WHAT GERMANY:. MAS TO PAY. MASTIC PENALTIES. EX-KAISEM TO BE TRIED.. LEAGUE OF NATIONS. (Aus. & N.Z. Cable Assn. & Reuter.)
From .the coming into force of the present treaty, the state of war will terminate from that moment, and subject to the provisions of this treaty, official relations with Germany and with each of the German States^ will be resumed by the Allied and Associated Powers."
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Ashburton Guardian, Ashburton Guardian, Volume XXXIX, Issue 9605, 9 May 1919
PEACE TREATY. Ashburton Guardian, Volume XXXIX, Issue 9605, 9 May 1919
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