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So many and frequent are : the inquiries one hears on all sides as to the origin and significance of the words "Bolshevik" and ' 'Menshevik" that it may be useful to throw some light on the subject. There are two authoritative explanations, both of which are probably accurate, one by Dr. Hagbcrg Wright and the other*'by Mr J. Y. W. MacI Alistor. . . '. ... .■-.-">""■•-"■■■.;.

Tho formev x-eealir-tliat in 1903; ■. at tho second conference of the Russian Social Democratic Party, when the methods to be adopted in regard to revolutionary activity were under discussion, a sharp line of cleavage made itself evident. When voting took place there was naturally a majority (Bolshinstvo) and a minority <Menshinstvo). From that moment the groups were called "Bolsheviks" and "Mensheviks."

Mr MacAlister goes further and contends that the names indicate policies as well as relative numbers. Tho Bolsheviks were known at tKe 1903 Conference, he says by that name, because they v/ere the whole-hoggers of Socialism, tho name meaning "the biggest "or those who go in for the biggest things." The minority were the moderates, ■ -or ' 'thin-end'-of-the-wodge|' party, hence styled ■ Mensheviks^tnat is, "the smaller," or "those who. go in for the smaller things."

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Bibliographic details

BOLSHEVIK AND MENSHEVIK., Ashburton Guardian, Volume XXXIX, Issue 9596, 28 April 1919

Word Count

BOLSHEVIK AND MENSHEVIK. Ashburton Guardian, Volume XXXIX, Issue 9596, 28 April 1919

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