LAST NIGHT'S NEWS.
PEACE CONFERENCE. ADRIATIC DIFFICULTY. . PRESIDENT'S STATEMENT. PARIS, April 21. President Wilson has issued a lengthy official statement dealing with the Adriatic problem. He points out that Italy entered the .war .upon the basis of a definite private understanding with Britain and France known as the Pact of London. Since that time the whole circumstances had altered. Many other Powers had entered the struggle-, with no knowledge of that private .understanding. The AustroHungarlau -Empire, then an enemy of Europe,''and at whose... expense..the. pact was to be kept in the even£ of victory, had gone to pieces. Not only that, 4)Tft "several' parts of. the Empire it was now agreed by Italy and her associates should be created., independent States and associates in the League of Nations, not with those who were recently enemies. They were to be among the smaller States whose interests henceforth were to be scrupulously safeguarded. The war was ended by an armistice' and peace with Germany on clearly ■ defined principles was pro- ' posed: Therefore they could not ask the great body of the Powers to. propose peace with Austria and establish a new basis of independence and right in the States -which originally constituted ■"the"' Au'stro-Hunga'riah Empire arid States of the Balkan group on principles of another kind. If these principles were to be adhered tq ; Fiume must serve a3 an outlet and inlet of the commerce, riot of Italy, but of the lands north and north-east of that port —for Hungary, Bohemia, Roumania, and the States of the new Jugo-Slavic croup. If Fiume were assigned to Italy it would create a feeling that they had_put that port upon which all these -countries depended for access to the Mediterranean in the hands of a Power of which it was not an integral part, and whoso sovereignty must inevitably, seem foreign and not domestic, nor identified with the commercial and industrial life of the regions which the sort must serve. It was for these reasons that Fiume was not included in the Pact of London.
Elaboratine these arguments, President . Wilson says" that the new plan of European order," centring in the 3ieaeue of Nations, will provide against any unfair treatment of Italian nationals in these regions. He points out thnt through her sacrifices and those of her Allies. Italy's ancient unity has liflcp restored. Her frontiers have been restr.red to the great walls which are her natural defence.
President Wilson appeals to Italy to extend to the newly liberated peoples across the Adriatic magnanimity and friendly generosity and the preference
of justice. over interest. The Allied nations made supreme sacrifices, not for national advantage nor for defence, but for the settled peace of the world. America as the initiator of peace had the compulsion upon her to square eve'rv decision which the principles he had enumerated,- and could do nothing else. He trusted and believed that Ltalv would ask nothing but what was unmistakably consistent with these sacred obligations. Only on such lines could the world's peace be made secure
PARIS. April 23
President Wilson issued his statement because ln> conceived that Italian residents in America as well as in Italy had gained a wrong conception of his attitude over the Adriatic question.
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LAST NIGHT'S NEWS., Ashburton Guardian, Volume XXXIX, Issue 9595, 26 April 1919
LAST NIGHT'S NEWS. Ashburton Guardian, Volume XXXIX, Issue 9595, 26 April 1919
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