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HAWERA; March 30

An important representative meeting of dairy factory directorates from, all parts of Taranaki was held at Hawera to further consider the question of the dried milk industries, and it was decided to send two delegates abroad to obtain all possible information. Mr A. Morton, president of the National Dairy Association, presided, and gave an interesting address in respect to several valuable reports submitted. In discussing these and the possibilities of the industry, he said that there were one or two companies in Taranaki large enough to embark upon the industry individually, but it would be much better for all to combine their skim milk powder, which might take the place of whole milk, and he believed the demand would increase. War'prices, perhaps-could not be maintained, but the prices would be considerably above pre-war prices. Suaar of milk could be made from whey, and therefore could be made by the. cheese or butter factories making casein. - ■ ■ •

Mr C. Cooper, of > Mangatoki, had visited Southland, and had prepared a report which, among other things, stated that cows''milk contained.-from three to four per cent, of sugar, of which they could extract approximately 2i-per cent. There was further to be obtained another by-product/ viz., the albumen. They would obtain threeauarters of a ton for- eygry ton of cheese manufactured, and the value was approximately £20 per ton. The price of sugar of milk before the war was less than £100 per ton, and during the! war it reached £600 per ton, but it had now fallen again to only a little over £200. One of the chief problems in this business was the huge amount of fuel reauired. A minimum supply of 5000 gallons of milk per day would be necessary to carry the business on successfully, and the cost of production would be considerably decreased if this supply could be doubled. An approximate estimate of the cost of manufacturing 200 tons would be about £10,000, -.and the 200 tons would return about £22.400. The albumen would realise at least £1000, making a total of £23.400, thus leaving a balance of over £13,000. If the present- price of from 2s to 2s 6d per lb were maintained, it would be a profitable business for the dairy factories.

The committee was strongly of ooinion that all sources of information in New Zealand had now been exhausted, and if further information was required they would have to send a■. delegation of two or more men to America and England, and possibly even further afield. The patent rights (for the; Dominion) of three different processes were already held, and the committee unanimously agreed that the information should be. obtained concerning other processes that might be available. The National Dairy Association urged upon the Government the establishment' of an information bureau, and they had decided to send shortly ah expert (MiDempster) to America to gather information concerning the dairying industry there. The National Dairy Association was also sending- a representative (Mr T. Brush), but he was of opinion that they would have to send a delecation- further afield. In conclusion, Mr Morton declared that Taranaki was losing at the very lowest computation half a million sterling per year on the" by-products of the dairying industry. There were big possibilities in this connection, and no opportunity for procress should be lost.

Mr H. D. Foi'syth said that, the cost of installing a plant for the manufacture of dried milk powder had been estimated at 6s per 1b of milk supplied for one (lav in the Hush of the season. He described the process of manufacture, and suggested the use of, condensers, as small factories would, he said, effect a considerable saving in carting by utilising a portion of their present plants. These condensers could be fitted up at a cost of about £2000. Condensed milk factories in America were at present obtaining even betterreturns than the dried milk factories, while the sugar of milk business was considered a limited one. Conditions in America were somewhat similar to those of New Zealand, and he was convinced that there were excellent prospects for the dairying industry in the Dominion. He declared that the chairman had under-estimated the sum Taranaki was losing annually under the present methods adopted.

According to Mr J. S. Connett, the cost of sending each delegate abroad would be about £700.

The chairman, in reply to a question, stated that all the companies contributing to the expenses incurred would be entitled to any benefits obtained. In reply to further questions, he said it was proposed that the two delegates should comprise a mechanical expert and a business man.

Several delegates considered that the adootion of the dried milk industry would place a heavy financial burden on the cheese factories which had recently installed plants.

Mr W. Powdrell declared that it was most unfortunate that there were so many present who were of opinion that folks should not enter the water until they could swim. So long as a lot of people held to that opinion, so long would stagnation reign.

At the close of the meeting ei_ght companies, representing an output of cheese totalling 10.279 tons per annum, signified their intention of contributing to the cost of -the delegation, while many other delegates, said, that their companies would also contribute, but had not empowered their, representatives to commit them that day. It was_ agreed that the maximum contribution should be fixed at 2s per ton of cheese manufactured, the opinion being expressed that £1000 would be required for each delegate.

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Bibliographic details

DAIRYING BY-PRODUCTS., Ashburton Guardian, Volume XXXIX, Issue 9575, 2 April 1919

Word Count

DAIRYING BY-PRODUCTS. Ashburton Guardian, Volume XXXIX, Issue 9575, 2 April 1919

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