HOVV THEY ARE CREATED / _____
The recent deaths of . Cardinals Oreg'ua and liampoia have raised the question as to wnetner the Pope will in the near future increase the present number ot Cardinals (writes rhe Home correspondent) of vie j_.onclon " Standard.") The full number of the Sacred College, is 70, qompoaed of six Cardinal Bishops, 50 Cardinal'.'■priests, and 14 Cardinal Deacons, but at present there are 12-vacancies. As Cardinal Oregiia's deatii leaves only live Cardinal Bisiiops, it is thougiij; likely that a successor in his sea of Osta will not long be wanting, and in that case: it is possible that other Princes of the Church will be chosen at the same time.'
One of the first ateps in ths appointment, of a Cardinal is the calling of' the "Secret Consistory," and over this! gathering the Pope himself always presides, no one cisc being allowed at the j mooting except a reignm& ironarch On tho ddv pievioas io tn<xt on which thp CoiisibLOiy it, to be held a special oiiiclai oi tho Vatican is admitted to the pi ec nee of the Pope, and kneeling beJore 1 is Poiiness, asks the question "Health and Jong hio to you, 0 Holy Failiei , is tncio io be a Rcciet Consistory on the morrow ?" The Pope having replied in, tho aliunatue an houi is fixed, and the me&sen;ei = are thit evening despatched to an the> Caidmals a^iDi the intimation, wheieupon the lattei prcpaie ior tho vropoitant event Ths Scarlet Ha*. The Pope's tin one on. this occasion is a most eiatyaute one it has a canopy ol vioVt silk aecoialed with gold, and ioihhl the tluone is ananged a ma£_Gihren+ iape,liy en which ib rhe figure oi Kehgion with hei feet on the world The eldoi Caidnic'ls aupioich the throne and kiss the Pope's hand, afterwards taking seats on either side of him. In a deep silence the audience v^aits on the Master of Ceremonies, who' cries, "Let thorn advance," and the advocates of the Consistory ■' and another official knee] before the throne and read Latin petitions'relating to the newly appointed Cardinals. On no occasion, however," is the reading allowed to con-| tinue, 'for at a sign from the Pope the Master of Ceremonies interrupts the petition, and the officials, retire for the time being. Then a space before the throne is cleared, and several of the Cardinals leave in order to lead in the Cardinals. While they are gone the officials continue to read the petitions. Each new Cardinal enters and advances between two ' Cardinals towards the throne. Three reverences are made, and'each new Cardinal kisses the foot and the hand of the Pope, and is embraced. Tho Pope rises and, walking round the chairs near the throne, embraces each Cardinal and the new members of the College. The new Cardinals \ then advance towards the throne, and the Pope, addressing them, presents tiach with the scarlet hat. The famous hat is of scarlet cloth and scarlet silk, with 15 scarlet tassels, and is only worn for a few minutes by the recipient. Henceforth it is is his most treasured possession, and will be placed on his 'bier when hs is dead and hung above his tomb. A French historian who had witnessed "a Consistory once remarked that ' 'it was only when he was dead that a Cardinal got any use out of that hat." Secret Consistory. A hall in the Vatician is made ready for the Consistory, and at the appointj ed hour all the Cardinals assemble before, a throne of crimson, which is on a dais at the' head of the room, to await the appearance of the Pope. As the Pope enters, followed by the prelates of his suite, the order is given by officials for all those not immediately invited to leave the chamber, and the.Pope delivers an address to his Cardinals on the duties of their office and the importance of their mission in the world. On some occasions these addresses have remained a secret, the outside world never hearing Vfiuu .: ■■.■ 'nen said, but on later occasion ii . •. .'oru the custom to nermit an auiiioriaeu summary to be published. After the address the Pope proclaims the name or names of those whom he has chosen, whereupon the members of the Consistory rise, and, doffing'their red silk caps, bow to show their agreement with the choice. On rare occasions the Pope announces the creation of a Cardinal whose name is not announced for some time, perhaps for some years. In such a case the Cardinal is said to be reserved ' 'in petto" (that is to say, the name remains in the bosom of the Pope). After his announcement the Pope prefaces the list of-new Cardinals with the words: "By';the authority of God Almighty and that of the Apostles Peter and Paul, and our own, we create the following Cardinals." The Consistory is then over, but the recipients of the honour have still many formalities ■to go through. Every new Cardinal residing in Rome receives a visit from a messenger of the • office of the Secretary of State, bearing' notic of his election; a visit from' the Cancellaria giving him a decree of'the Consistory; and; it-visit from the Master of Ceremonies abating the: Pope will be pleased to bestow the berreta. After receiving the berreta the new Cardinals are given the.hat at a public Consistory, and this'ceremony is themost istately o£.-all. It,takes place ' in the "SaJa:?Regia of ■ the ,'.yati,cian, -to • which the: leader of Roman society; are j admitted, together with Ambassadors j to. the Holy Sea. .!.<■■. ■ . -.. ,o; ; }
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NEW CARDINALS., Ashburton Guardian, Volume XXXIII, Issue 8816, 12 March 1914
NEW CARDINALS. Ashburton Guardian, Volume XXXIII, Issue 8816, 12 March 1914
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