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Kaciirally, craft v designed to carry such heavy and ponderous freight as entire railway cars have to be specially l>uilfc and specially engined 'for the work.; They may be described as'large ..- double-ended vessels; that is to say, :;■ they have neither bow nor stern in the ordinary sense of the term/ and 'are provided .with twin screws at each, end. Cfa the"■upper or main deck are lines of „ rails on which the: trains are carried. .'■ V-'liikcv, ail 'modern vessels,' they have •double .; bottoms, ■' running ■ the ; tyhole .:;.'■■ length 'of. the ship. These are v divided ,; .into ';'numerous watertight'/, compart'anenfcs, the hull Heijig further strength- 1 - ened'by strong -bulkheads.. These dou- ] jble:-'oottoma serve a two-fold jmrpose; |should, the bottom be torn away or "stove in as the result of grounding or a collision, the vessel would still re-

maiu afloat, .while the water that can >;■ <!>(?■ carried in .the tanks acts as baliast. 1 'Although there are no..train ferries at I present in operation in Great Britain, they. nevertheless, had their birth in the British Isles. * Before the construe- ; tioir of the great bridges over the Firth: of Forth and fhe Tay railway waggons j .were regularly ferried across these !■' waters in Epee: ally-designed steamers. ' One ran from Graii ton to Burnitsland, ' acres/the Firth of Forth, a distance of 51 miles, and the other across the ; Tay at Dundee, a journey of. just about - a mil?. A specially-designed, steamer, the ..Leviathan, 172 feet long, 54^ feet wide, and with a draught of 6| feet, ' carried pcoodr. trains across the Firth of r Forth, often conveying as. many as 240 I. waggons a day.

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Bibliographic details

A SPECSAL TYPE OF CRAFT., Ashburton Guardian, Volume XXXIII, Issue 8807, 2 March 1914

Word Count

A SPECSAL TYPE OF CRAFT. Ashburton Guardian, Volume XXXIII, Issue 8807, 2 March 1914

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