ITEMS FOR FARMERS.
,Near Winnipeg the Manitoba Cooperative Farm and Dairy Company, 'Ltd., is establishing what is claimed to be the largest dairy farm in the world, when completed the farm will contain 2500 head of cattle, and with 1500 head of these in milk the total yearly output is estimated to be 3,000,000 gallons.
Reports concerning the potato crop in the Seaward Bush district are not hishly satisfactory .'(says, the "Southland Times"), as blight has made its appearance in quite a number of the "patches." One, or two growers are digging early and selling in small lots in town at prices averaging, about £6 per ton.
A record in seed-dressing was es^ tablished last week by Mr W. Eggleton on Mr Hammond's farm at Sandon. The former dressed 216 bags of grass seed in 12 hours, which speaks exceedingly well for the T quality and quantity of the crop. At the ruling price the output for the 12 hours would realise over £430. The crops in general this season are very good, and at Halcombe a field of Italian rye was so,prolific that it was mistaken for a crop of wheat.
The excellence of ■ the turnip crops almost throughout the Western District( (the "Southland, News" states) is'generally commented upon by visitors to that part of Southland, and no doubt they are good. But those in the Eden -, dale and Wyndham districts are quite as good, and in instances better. Thinning and cleaning has been carried out under favourable conditions this summer, and the success,pf this operation has very considerably added to the looks of the crops.
, The agricultural returns for England and Wales collected in : .Juiie show that there is a decrease in the total area under crops and grass of 45,308 acres. There is a decline in the arable land of 277,000 acres, most of which has been transferred to permanent pastures, the area of which for the first time surpasses 16,000,000 acres. These figures seem to tell their own story about the reduced supply of labour, which is indispensable in arable farming,' and on the other hand, the increased attention that.'is; paid to dairying and grass land farming;- •
The amount of stock which is being sold this year again raises the question of the disadvantageous depletion of flocks/. We ("Oamaru Mail") informed by prominent authorities in the stock line that anything that can move-is being sold,' prices being so tempting as to blind all considerations as to the future. It'is a pity when immediate financial obligations necessitatp or tempt the undue exhaustion of stock resources the retention of twhich would ensure greater advantage in the future. When there: is no such financial pressure, there is no reason for the adoption of a policy which kills the goose that lays the golden egg.
A gloomy picture of the ravages of insects is painted by a correspondent of the Hawke's Bay "Herald," who states:—"Swarms of birds oh the plains have been unable to stop the ravages of caterpillars in some of the grain crops, but if it we're not fop X the presence of our feathered friends it would be impossible to grow crops at all. In by-gone"'years myriads of caterpillars were always present at haytime, and grasshoppers ate'up the summer vegetables in our gardens, whilst green beetles .stripped the leaves off hedge plants and plum trees, and completely destroyed our roses and many other things precious to the heart of the horticulturist. The brown beetle is still with, .us,.--but -grasshoppers' and crickets are now a memory of the past, and the green beetle a 'rara avis.' "
The other evening a small notification appeared in ; . the Stratford ' 'Evening Post" to the effect that anyone desirous of taking possession of a cow for three months at the cost only of the lady's maintenance, might apply at this office, attracted very wide attention, notwithstanding the fact (as one extracautious individual v did point out) that nothing was mentioned in the advertisement. as to whether or not her Oowship was dry !" At any rate, such is the value of advertising and the faith of human nature that within 15 minutes of publication until the following day applications to have the privilege of minding Daisy . have, simply poured in. Until midnight the telephones were kept busy; written and telegraphed requests for Daisy's owner's address piled the office table at 8 o'clock on Monday morning*; and by 8.30 a.m. 87 individuals had applied personally at the office counter for information. -
Canada this year has a record wheat crop, says the London "Daily Telegraph. "Competent authorities estimate the wheat yield of the three prairie provinces at two hundred million bushels. Mr R. Rogers, Minister for Public Works, who has just com-; pleted a tour of the Dominion, asserts that the crop, as regards both quality and quantity, will be the best ever harvested. This is confirmed in a statement issued by the Minister for the Interior to the effect that the crop in Manitoba where threshed has exceeded by two to three bushels per acre the most generous estimates, and all the wheat threshed so far is of No. 1 grade. At the annual meeting of the Grain Exchange in Winnipeg, Mr Andrew Kelly, the, president, estimated that the farmers would net something like £34,000,000. The new crop has silenced the pessimists and is giving the country a-new push forward."
Under the Noxious Weeds Act of Victoria (says the Melbourne " Herald") anything from a cabbage to a rhododendron may be proclaimed a thistle, and henceforth a thistle it remains—at least, in official eyes. The Trade and Commerce Act of the Commonwealth is to some extent following along the same path as its Scotch neighbour. Anything that remotely resembles butter, and may be used as a substitute for the product of the cow is proclaimed to be butter, and thereupon it becomes butter—as far as duty purposes are concerned. The Minister for Customs, acting under the powers conferred on him by the Customs Act has dirtcted that '.'criscol," "scon," "flex," and -"kabur," are in future to be charged with the duty chargeable on butter. Moreover, they are to be coloured and marked so as not to resemble butter in appearance, or they may possibly be prohibited from entry into the Commonwealth.
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Ashburton Guardian, Ashburton Guardian, Volume XXXIII, Issue 8797, 18 February 1914
AGRICULTURAL. Ashburton Guardian, Volume XXXIII, Issue 8797, 18 February 1914
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