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STIRRING SPEECH BY GENERAL BOTHA. (Per Press Association—Copyright). ' CAPETOWN, February 14. General Botha, in a two-hours' speech, said that the grievances were amply an excuse to create a revolution. Those deported were not the }nly generals of the revolution- some vere even then sitting in the House. General Botha- described the events )f the sth of July as an outbreak of var' against society, against innocent vomen and children, and a murderous issault on the liberties of .the people. condition of Johannesburg on the ith. was that of a volcano. He had een many tragedies in- war,', but the ituation in Johannesburg would Jbave ieen terrible, for all had the, Governaenfnot made a compact with tlie trikers. It was mortifying, though i was necessary to avert consequences bat would have been" more terrific ban anything in. South Afiica's -hiswy. With a quarter of a million atives breaking out and fire and ai*chy everywhere, thousands .of.lives oijid have been lost and millions of ounds' worth of damage done. After referring to Mr Merriman's :rictures, General Botha contended lat the deportations wore the result f. the most careful consideration of ays and days; it was no. frivolous reilution at a moment's notice! The overnmertt was wholly responsible for le deportations* Lord Gladstone had stlring to -do with the matter. The ilk of the men employed in the mines id on tho railways were excellent en, and it was the Government's ity to make their lot as satisfactory ; possible. This should have been cured constitutionally, but in the •esent'instance terrorists had got the, )per hand. The . majority did not int to strike.

"Sworn Enemies of Society." General Botha went on to say that would have been a bad day .for South '.idea i if the deportations had not been rried out. He was firmly convinced at the -Labour leaders never desired Settlement of the grievances; they' >re simply the sworn enemies of ciety. He was especially struck by eir desire at one stage of the negottions to eliminate -the term jwner," apparently because they sired no ownership. General Botha nmended that fact to the consideran of South African farmers. The vernment's duty was to expel those nacing South Afi-ica's .well-being, 1 he was confident that Parliament uld approve the action taken: 'he gtfeat black and coloured popuon l4«sst be remembered. Unless whifieS took steps to .prevent a urrence of recent events, the posii would be .extremely .difficult. The Biack Peril. reneral Botha quoted an article by n Dube, an educated leader of ives in Natal, who in June wrote all the chiefs in South .Africa .exting them not tp, pay .taxes, and to allow natives to work for tes in Johannesburg, arguing that brike would enable them to extort t they wanted from the Governt and employers. sneral Botha stigmatised as scouns those coming to negotiate with . Government with revolvers 'in r pockets, and then boasting on ie platforms of their cowardly * ms. Hertzog's Attitude. jferring to General Hert_qg, the lier asked why he did not come to . Government's assistance in July, t he was- ashamed in his own Con>.in the Orange Free State, to • a word of condemnation of the lges. _True patriots would have iteered assistance.

neral Botha said he was unable to] rstand Mr Merriman's reasoning.! ised language without considering! [feet, especially .abroad, and cited | lamsay Mac Donald, quoting Mr; iman's allegations that there was rkably slender evidence of -con-] -;y. From this he (General Botha) | *~ Ji ' i I i jPremier proceeded that thei •nirient could have banished the 1 calists to any part of the habit-' globe, but the Uuigeni was the ship available, and England was lost convenient destination. He' .ed to contemplate England send-i, &ck those deported. ....-•■' er justifying martial law 'on the d that it had averted bloodshed! rusirated the gravest attack ever | on a nation, General Botha oon- j I by asking whether it would have, better to imperil many lives or l nine men. Deportations Condemned. J. W..Jagger staid the Opposition •ted the Government in regard to •oclamation of martial law, but ly condemned the deportations, ilest criminals were ' entitled to

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THE AFRICAN DEPORTATIONS., Ashburton Guardian, Volume XXXIII, Issue 8795, 16 February 1914

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THE AFRICAN DEPORTATIONS. Ashburton Guardian, Volume XXXIII, Issue 8795, 16 February 1914