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AUCKLAND, February 12. At the Medical Congress to-day a considerable number of papers or a highly technical character, and oi interest to few outside the medical profession, were read and discussed _ in the various sections. In the .section of dermatology and radiology, .some excellent demonstrations were given and valuable papers contributed. Dr. MciSurray (Sydney) exhibited a series of lantern slides showing the use of radium and X-rays in the treatment of cancer, rodent ulcer, and lupus at the By] -cy Hospital, and some wonderful results were recorded. Eyesight in School Children. A most interest ing paper was contributed by Dr. G. H. Hogg; of Launceston, Tasmania, upon the important matter of " Eyesight in School Children." Nature intended the eye to be used for distant vision, and not for. the near vision and constant strain inseparable from school life. The stooping of the child's head over a task also inclined the eyes to strain, and caused the, development of any defects to which a child may be. predisposed, . or the- exaggeration of any which already existed. Any system, of education which ' compelled th« eyes of children to carry on continuous near work', and to focus small , objects at close range for several hours daily, was more or less unnatural, and too great care could not be taken to .avoid as , much as possible the evil results' which ; the violation of a natural law involved. Dr. Hogg pointed out that for years j oculists had spoken and written on this question, but he was afraid that it, was , overlooked too often, not only by niany in the medical profession, but. what! Was worse, by educationists. In the general lighting of schools, windows should be on the left, placed so that the, light entered above the heads r'i the 1, children, and luminous reflections were avoided. The walls should always be dulled, and not shining. Reds - should not be used. Greens and light 1 greys were most restful to the eyes, , and absorbed little light. The ceiling should, always be white. ' *** With regard to artificial lighting, the ' i writer states: -7--' I cannot agree with the statements often advanced in favour of electric lighting; that its introduction has never been followed by an increase of eye disease or errors of refraction. Whilst I have never seen any serious disease develop, I have frequently noted irritability and weakness of the eyes follow upon the use of electric light, especially where metallic filaments have, been used, and I am sure it plays a part in some asthenopit? 1 cases. I know of no better artificial ' light than that given by high-grade oil lamps. School books and paper should always be opaque and of a soft cream tint, and the type clear and well-de-fiiied, and not too small. Night work should not be allowed the younger pupils, and no homework . before the age of eight years' was a good rule to adhere to."

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Bibliographic details

MEDICAL CONGRESS., Ashburton Guardian, Volume XXXIII, Issue 8793, 13 February 1914

Word Count

MEDICAL CONGRESS. Ashburton Guardian, Volume XXXIII, Issue 8793, 13 February 1914

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