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"Gttaedian" Office, February 12, 1914. Are criminals cowards ? is a question 'suggested by the recent assertion of an Italian surgeon that 225 ex-convicts "whom lie watched during the war in Tripoli were faint-hearted in a fight. Taking it that a courageous man means one who would not flinch in the face of a sudden crisis involving personal danger, the aggregate information on the subject points to the fact that there are anore cowards than heroes among criminals. 'Some of them will fight and remain game to the end; others fight only, when they have their- adversary at a disadvantage; but the majority, ■once they are cornered, have no fight in them. Of, course, in making such .an assertion it must be remembered that there are degrees in criminality. 'The picturesque rogues who' bailed up the stage coaches in England a cen- . tury ago were, for the most part, brave men, and often thoroughly chivalrous, if history is to be relied upon. And many, of the bushrangers of Australia ■ could not be, classed as cowards. vßut the" kind: of criminal that the .Italian surgeon had under observation probably would knife k stranger in a dark alleyway or shoot him to obtain Ills .watch and chain. Mr Alex. Thompson, 8.A., Superintendent, of the Industrial School for Girls at Parramatta, a close student of criminality, expressed some interesting views on the.subject to a jSydney newspaper representative. "There is first." he said, -'the courage ■of the nerves—mere physical courage., 'Then there is- moral courage, or the courage of your principles; and, again, intellectual courage, or the courage of your opinions—the courage which the discoverer of some new and great truth needs to possess, in order to face, without wavering, the contempt and perhaps persecutions of a world opposed to its acceptance. Besides this, we may have courage whose motive force is passion, devotion, ambition, the desire for mastery or vengeance, the .courage based on passionate enthusiasm ' .for. an ideal, this last, perhaps, being a •compound of intellectual and moral ' coarage. .

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THE WOULD TO-DAY., Ashburton Guardian, Volume XXXIII, Issue 8792, 12 February 1914

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THE WOULD TO-DAY. Ashburton Guardian, Volume XXXIII, Issue 8792, 12 February 1914