The Ashburton Guardian. Magna est Veritas et Prævalebit. WEDNESDAY, JULY 5, 1905. JAPAN IN CHINA.
A sigkificant announcement was contained in the cables of a few days ago to the effect that Japan has undertaken to form and train a navy for China. She has already extended her influence over the other leading departments of Chinese activity with marked success, and the further extension of Japan's interference in China to the latter's naval affairs, though it was hound to come, serves to recall once more the danger which has been termed " The Yellow Peril." The population of the vast Chinese Empire is estimated at about 408 millions. What this moans may be seen when it is remembered that the popuiatioa of the United Kingdom totals 42 millions. It i 3 clear what a danger to the ie?t of the civilised world China is capable of becoming if her teeming millions are properly and systematically trained and organised. Japan is pla:nly enough bent on devoting time, money, and trouble to the task of educating the Chinaman till he is raised to a standard of efficiency that will compel the rest of tho world to regard him as a factor that counts in the international problem. Jupan first turned her attention to establishing a friendship with Chiua on a commercial basis, and when this had been satisfactorily arranged, she next turned her attention to the army, and having by this time won tho confidence oi the Chinese Government, Japan was allowed to introduce Japanese instructors into the array, and to send a number of young Chinese officers to the Japanese Military' College in Tokio. Every year a fresh btkh of these will leave for the Japanese capita', while an equivalent number return every year to China fully trained in thu Japanese system of military education. It is merely a question of time, under these circumstances, till tho Chinese Army bocomes completely " Jipani?e;J." Neither have the Japanese neglected the civilian portion of the Chinese population. They have had tho ro-cast-ing of tho educational system entrusted to them and have introduced numbers of Jap-.naso teachers into Chinese schools. Now we are told that Japan has taken over tho task of shafting the Chinese navy, and she may be trusted to carry out that work with the same efficiency as she di-playo I in the forming of her own navy. Japanese statesmen have protested frequently that their country's intentions in regard to their mighty neighbour are entirely peaceable, and that they intend to preserve the policy of" the open door " in the markets of Chiua. Whether that will prove to be Japan's ultimata intention will he shown by events, but the world is justified ia feeling insecure on the subject. It has been held, however, that an alliance of the two greut coloured races wonld inevitably be met with an alliance of the white moep, who in the face of" the yellow peril " woald hive sense enough to eink all diffe-r.-j'"iCes and fight together to preserve their supremacy. By some the success of Japan in the presmt war is regarded as the first atop that leads eventually, though perhaps a long time hence, to the downfall of the white man. How much foundation there is fur the fear expressed in this view depends on what Japan ultimately does with China. Within the next twonty years the world may sco some remarkable developments.