What is the Anglo-Japanese Alliance?
MTJS I? IT BE BENEWED ? ' The cablegram of May 13, concerning the renewal of the Anglo-Japanese Alliance, which wao published in the Australian and Now Zea'and press, is, like so many cablegrams, appearing iv the colonial prosa, vaguo and, in some respects, inaccurate. Under the terms of the treaty there is no provision for the renewal, but only for the denunciation, of the alliance. The understanding is for five years, from January 30, 10r2, and a year's notice is requiied to terminate it. But if either Tower happens to be at war when the date fixed for the expiration of the treaty- arrives, the alliance shall, "ipeo facto" continue until peace is concluded. The meeting of statesmen in Tokio, mentioned in the cablegram, has no other significance than to show a certain current of party opinion. The treaty will be extended or denounced by the Foreign Secretaries of the "High Contracting Parties. There is no mention, in the treaty, of Manchuria. The alliance is for the preservation of the integrity of the "Empiro of China" and that of the "Empive of Korea." There is no longer auy "Empire of Korea," as that land 13 virtually a Japanese province. Hut as the " Empire of China " still exists, there will still be need of the clause guaranteeing its integrity. It ia inaccurate to speak of the Japanese part of the treaty, aa doe 3 the cablegram. The instrument is bilateral, and each clause binds both the High Contracting Parties. It is possible that Great Britain might demand, as some consideration for tlie immense value the treaty has been to Japan in " keeping a ring " for the combatants, especially at the critical oonjunc ture when Admiral Rozhdestvensky used the Kamranh Bay as a base of naval operations that the operation of the second and third clauses should ba extended so as to include India. That would mean if any Power attacked India, not only would Japan maintain a strict neutrality, but, further if any second Power " joined in hostilities," Japan would " conduct war in common with England." As Russia will always be a menace to the integrity of China, even when Manchuria is recovered, just as she will always be a menace to the security of India, an Anglo-Japanese Alliance will continue to be almost as urgently necessary, from the point of view of Japan, at when the present treaty was made. If Great Britain withdrew, there is every likelihood that, at a convenient season, Germany and France might be easily induced to assist Eusaia to recover " that which was lost " in Manchuria and Korea.
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What is the Anglo-Japanese Alliance?, Ashburton Guardian, Volume XXII, Issue 6611, 3 July 1905
What is the Anglo-Japanese Alliance? Ashburton Guardian, Volume XXII, Issue 6611, 3 July 1905
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