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Farming Notes.

Commenting on the recent meat marking case Mr Greenwood, London advice agent of the British New Zealand Meat Company, says:—"The more securing of a single conviction like that is worth all the money it costs the colony, and the more that can be done m the came way tho better. I wish most earnestly tbat some satisfactory system could be discovered of marking the carcases, but at present there seams no si*ns of that. If we once could make it clear and indisputable that the good meat came from New Zealand and that the inferior meat Hold as of Now Zealand origin uover came from that colony at all, it would bo an immense pull m our favour. But for that we evidently must be content to wait." Mr ' Greenwood's Company was formed when the Premier's scheme for establishing retail meat shops m London fell through. Ib carries oub the retail distribution o£ New Zealand mutton with a good deal of success. It has recently secured the contract for supplying five leading asylums, and intends tendering for meat supplies for the War Office. Mr Greeawcod says that much New Zealand meat is being sold as best English. That, however, doe 3 not mttter much. " But what I do complain of, and what every New Zealander ought to protest seriously against, is the persistence with which the inferior meat from Australia or South Amerioais palmed off on the British customer as genuine New Zealand meat. This is a rank and indefensible fraud." Mr Greenwood gave one instance, among many, m which a butcher was selling as ' best Canterbury ' a low class of Australian or Argentine meat. He also said thit many people ' after tastingNew Zealand meat, and liking it, go to certain well-known shops which profess to sell it, and don't. Consequently they become disappointed and often are lost as customers.' All those who grow sheep here, and who consequently know that nothing but the best is taken at the works, will wish with Mr Greenwood, that some satisfactory method of marking the carcases could bn devised.

Want of cleanly surrcmiidiDws, especially of working horses, encourages skin diseases such as mango, eczema, mnllenders, crackeci heels, tnud fever, and grease. " Foul m the foot" of cattle and foot-rot m sheep are other ea,ses m point. Want of shelter from cold and rain, or want of clothing, by preventing the conservation of bodily heat, and wr.ot of shade from excessive sun heat by retarding radiation of bodily heat, all influence 'he natural vigour of the animal projudically and so predispose to disease. The influence of heredity is well known to be potent for good or bad, according ac the parents are sound and healthy or unsound and diseased, With the majority of diseases (hatare classed as hereditary, sn eh as roariuy, broken wind, spavin, curb, navicular disease, ring bone, cataract, etc., it is tho tendency to develop the particular disease which is inherited and not tbo dipe^ee itself. All buildings, yards and paddocks which are known to have become infected with disease gorm?, should not be need for the bousin?, holding, or grazing of any animals of a kind liable to contract tho particular disoaFe m question for a varyingl period depending on the virility of the specific germ concerned; and before their ordinary use is resumed they should be test9d by allowing 1 susceptible animals of low value to be placed m them for a length of time sufficient to cover the incubation period of the disease.

Shelter belts are invaluable m protecting crops from the dartre frequently resulting from the full force of destructive winds, but possibly their chief value is m conserving fch.B moisture absolutely essential to crop growth, says a Government bulletin. Wind is a strong ally of evaporation. It is established that as tho velocity of the wind increases evaporation is vory rapidly augmented. Shalfcor-bults, m opposing the wine], effectively retard evaporation, and thereby save to growing crops the soil inostnre necessary to keep them thrifty during dry, windy times. These facts are especially pertinent m a treeless, level agricultural country like Cantorbnvy where the wind has an unobstructed sweep for miles, and gets constantly drier m its course. Nor is protection from the effacta oF wind the only advantage that would be secured from the creation of shol tor-belts, If composed of suitable kinds of trees, shelter-belts can be made to answer the purpose of valuable woodlots, furnishing all the fuel, fence "posts and farm repair material the farmer may need. The two uses will admirably uo hand m hand, and between them will materially improve tho valua of the land and the comfort of the farmer. Tfoirever inexperienced an emigrant may be. he will ba able to acquire m the coarse of tho first year practical kuowledge of the special methods of farming adopted with success all over We3tern Canada. Such a man must be pro-pared to nccepfc a small wage at the outset —perhaps not more than £2 per month, with board and lodging. In Western Canada, the farm worker bourds and sleeps at the house of the farmer. In the second year, the man would be able to command the regular wage paid to experienced farm hands—namely, from 20s to 24a per week, with board and lodgings; and at these figures he would find an active demand for his services. In this second year, he should be able to save a considerable proportion of his earnings, and at the same time make application for the allotment of 160 acres of free land given by the Government, of Canada. Daring the summertime he would have opportunities for cultivating a portion of his own, and getting it ready for the following year's crop. In the third year of his life m the Dominion, the young farmer ought to be employed on his own farm—building his house and ploughing his land—and m the period not required for those purposes, engaged at a neighbouring farm earning wages. In the case of experienced men, employment nt the standard rate of wages can also be secured, through the Commissioner of Immigration, immediately on arrival, and such a young farmor should be able, within the second year, to take possession of his own land. The land is free from timber and stouos, and does not require clearing. A. young man who hag Hived from .£SO to ,£LOJ possesses s-.jffici'-nt capital, together with willingness for hard work, to enable him to firm on his own p.ccount with assurance of success.

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Farming Notes., Ashburton Guardian, Volume XXII, Issue 6580, 26 May 1905

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Farming Notes. Ashburton Guardian, Volume XXII, Issue 6580, 26 May 1905

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