Ashburton Guardian Magna est Veritas et Prævalebit. WEDNESDAY, APRIL 26, 1905. BRITAIN AND GERMANY.
The resignation of M. Dalcasa^, the French Foreign Minister, though it has subsequently been withdrawn, is one of the most striking events that have occurred in European politics for some considerable time. The Socialist party in the French Chamber of Deputies, who are said to be tired of the alliance with tha Czar, seizod the opportunity to attack the Foreign Minister on the question of his management of French affair•* in regard to Morocco, with the re-' Bult th.it the Minister thought it advisable to offer his resignation. The fact that an effort was made to persuade him to continue in offioe shows that his foreign policy both in regard to Moi'occo and from a general point of view, has the aupport of a majority of the French nation. A cable from Berlin states that the fall of M. Delcasse is desired by every party in German politics, the general fear being that he may repeat his successful engineering of the Anglo-French cordial understanding by br nging about a similar understanding between Britain and Russia, a consummation which would be fatal to many German ambitions. It has been urged for some time past in certain quarters thut Britain is making a huge mistake in regarding Rusaia as her natural enemy, and that by making certain concessions to her it would be possible to convert her into a fairly reliable friend. Those who urge the advisability of this pro-Itussian policy maintain that Britain's great naval rival of the future is destined to be found in the nation ruled over by Kaiser Wilheltn. The enmity and jealousy towards Britain which undoubtedly exist in the German people and the German press, are deep-seated in their origin, and the seriousness of the situation arises from the fact that these hostile feelings are due to the national and political necessities of Germany, and are, therefore, not likely ever to" disappear. It is the ambition of the Kaiser's people to join the ranks of the great colonising nations, this ambition being inspired partly by mere national pride, but mainly by the necessity of finding an outlet for surplus population and for German oapital. German statesmen foresee that the day is within measurable distance when the Socialistic doctrines that have already gained strong support in the Gorman Parliament, will become a still more formidable force in German politics. The Socialistic party in the Reichstag is increasing in numbers with every election, which is >t clear indication that Socialism is spreading among the lower and middle classes. The gospel of Socialism also haa m «de very many converts among tho army, and its growth there is perhaps the most serious danger that the German monarchical system is likely to be called on to face within the next century. German Socialism is a well organised and practical force in politics, and all that is good and effective in Russian nihilism, is said to owe its origin to German sources. Education is at a high level in Germany, and the system of universal conscription which requires every man to serve a certain time in tho army, helps to carry the Socialistic doctrines among all classes, since it is in the army that these doctrines have attained their strongest hold, It is clear then that what the German Government has to fear tno3t in the approach of distress and bad times among the lower aud middle classes. An educated p o etiriat in distress would be capable, with the assistance of a Socialistic array, of remodelling the existing system of government, and would, moreover, he likely to do so. German population is growing rapidly, and though thousands of emigrants leave tho Fatherland every year to seek new ho ices in the United States, Canada, and elsewhere, the Kaiser and Mb advisers view this exodus with regret, since it means so many good citizens loet to their native laud. Germany must, therefore, get hold of colonies somewhere, and to do this she must wrest the command of the 80* from tho Power that now holds it. This she is unable to do single-handed, and that is why she cultivates so assiduously the friendship of Russia; for the Kaiser anticipates that Germany and Russia will, when the time comes for them to become allied, be able to present a formidable front to Britain in the struggle for sea power. The growth of a friendly feeling between Russia and Britain would defeat the great scheme which Germany has so close at heart, and since relations between France and Britain under M. Delosse's administration have become bo amicable, that stateman's threatened downfall was hailed with delight in Germany. However, he still remains in office, and as France is qi excellent terms with Britain and allied with Russia, he may be able to bring Russia and Britain together on a non-hostilo footing, a policy which has been urged on British statesmen frequently by a certain well informed section of the British press; International politics are very complicated at present, and the system of alliances and understandings that exists just now is threatening to become even more intricate under the conflict of opposing interests.