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A scam of coal over 50 feet deep has been found on the Castle^Hill Company's property at Knitangata. ( •'■ During the two days' racing m Christchurch £21,364 was put through the totalisator—£ll.l37 on Cup day and £10,227 •n Derby day. News has been received m Christchtirch that a Sfc Albans' resident drew Carbine m an Australian consultation, and wins £2500. Tlie most monotonous city m its buildings is Paris, the houses there being almost all alike. An attempt is now being made to vary this by buiming houses of the style of the Renaissance and Louis XI., and hope is expressed that the example will be followed generally. In 1804 there were thirty-five translations of the Scriptures m existence. Since the formation of the British and Foreign Bible Society, m that year, ten millions of money have been expended m the work of circulating the Bible, and there are now nearly 300 translations of the Scriptures. The French Government has decided to submit to the Chambers, as soon as they re-' assemble, an important measure, with the object of aiding iv the construction of a railway across the Sahara Desert. The object of this Bill is to bestow a final sanction upon the results attained by the Anglo-French Convention. The railroad will consist pf two lines, both starting from Lake Tchad, and proceeding thence, the one to Algeria and Tunis, and the other to. the French possession m the Niger district and Senegal. A Wellington flax-dresser who has been visiting the mills m Canterbury, declares that, with inferior flax the Canterbury! men turn out a very superior fibre, despite the better bleaching climate of the North, The reasons he gives for the superiority are that the Canterbury nien sort the leaf before stripfnng, that they use better stripper?, wash thoroughly, understanding the! art, which m the North is neglected; that'they nave m the heckle scutcher a better scutching instrument, and that they pack their fibre better. The Canterbury fibre, he says is worth from £3 to£b" per ton more than the northern article. The writs for the elections on December f>, returnable on December 15, were issued yesterday. The main roll for Ashburton numbers 2724 electors; supplementary, roll No. 1, 481; supplementary roll No. 2, probably about DO-—total 3295. From the old roll several names of deceased. and otherwise disqualified persons have 'Wen withdrawn, psrliaps seventy up to date, and there are still more to be removed, so 'that when tbc roll ia finally available to the' public there will probably be about 3200 nainca m ull upon the three rolls. Of this number, probably 1500 to 1800 will vote, if we may judge from the experience of past elections . j . Scene, a Gippsland railway station.— Traveller : " Potu'h, will you put my twunk into the van ? " Porter : •** Yes; sir" Porter rushes wildly about with the mail bags Traveller gets impatient: "I say, potah, wvl you put my twunk m the van ?" Porter: " Yes, sir ; m a minute, sir," The engine "kicks" the train a yard or two, and. the tr iveller becomes frantic, thinking that the train is starting. " Potahypotfth, my twimk, my twunk." Porter, as he chucks m the portmanteau, musingly: "Begorra, its meself wishes you were an elephant instead of an ass, and then you would always carry your trunk about yourself."—"Aulus," m the "Australasian." Such advertisements as this appear m Ceylon newspapers :—Wanted—"Fatbabies for crocodiles' bait. Will be brought home alive." The crocodiles of Ceylon are said to be very lazy and lie motionless, basking m the sun for hours. A fat baby is placed on the banks of the stream, and the crocodiles seeing it start for the precious morsel. When half way up the bank the crocodile is shot by the hunter concealed behind some reeds, and the baby is returned to its parents who are paid a small sum for its use. The Ceylon parents have full confidence m the English hunters and sportsmen and are always willing to make a little money by allowing them to use their babies for crocodile bait. i 11A celebrated German remedy for burns,' according to the "Detroit Free Press," "consists of loost of the best white glue broken into small pieces into two pints of water and allowed to become soft; then dissolve it by means of a water bath and, add 2oz of glycerine and 6dr of carbolic acid; continue to heat until thoroughly dissolved. On cooling, this hardens to an elastic mass, covered with a shining, parch-ment-like skin, and may be kept for any length of time. When required for use it is placed for a few minutes m a water bath until sufficiently liquid, and applied by means of a broad brush. It forms', it is said, m about two minutes, a shining, smooth, flexible and nearly transparent skin." While most gems owe their tint to tW presence of some foreign colouring matter, the many-hued and beautiful opal differs. It is opaque, deriving its beauty from the marvellous property it possesses of decomposing the rays of light, and thus reflecting from its polished surfaceall the colours of the rainbow. It needs, therefore, no brilliant, but appears to best advantage when alone. It is at the present among the most prized of gems, and lias held its place fqr ages, Mark Antony once offered £17,0*000 for an opal the size of a hazel nut; but the owner, Nonius, a Roman senator, prefered exile to parting with his treasure. Time and exposure dim their lustre, while their sensitiveness to heat is so great that the warmth of the hand has been known to crack them. The finest stones come from Hungary; and among the Austrian crown jewels are gems of greater size and beauty than that which tempted the Roman Emperor. Th(? Ancient Order of Foresters has at length, writes the Londtin correspondent of the *• Argus,' 1 had to admit a tremendous deficiency m its funds. According to the " Standard " a recent valuation has shown a deficit of £2,700,000, against this there is a set-off of only £137,769. Naturally the high court qf the order has set about reform. fJihQi'P Jjave been no malpractices, but the order has been working on a shockingly unsound system. It was founded on the equal contribution system, by which the man of 40 or 50 paid only the fees of the man of 21. And this system being of vast advantage to the older members of the order, these latter have always been against the change. At jieugj/h, however, the possibility of living on thesubscriptions of new members has peon found impossible, and by a strong measure the high .pourt are seeking to re-establish themselves on firmer, ground. The thing wfll take time, bnt \\ may be, <jo,ne with care #nsspd,ei}c.e, ;■ ' - ... ■ _-,■/'■

It Is said there is room for just 100 more great men m Westminister Abbey, The Coptic leaves Lyttelton for Plymouth* via Rio Da Janeiro, on Thursday, 13th hist.' at lour p.m. At Bathurst a Socialist has expressed the opinion that no man should be required to work more that <two hours a day under pib' per Socialistic conditions. A so-called wit the other day upori meeting an acquaintance about to be married to an heiress of the name of Abernethy, accosted him m this wise :~" Hnlloa, old chap, allow me to congratulate you! Going to marry Miss Biscuits, I hear '! " " Yes—and the * tin' too !" was the reply. One interesting fact about the ioim o f John Bright is that they have learnt the art of weaving by hard, practical experience. It was a rigid principle with the deceased Tribune that his sons should learn how to work at the loom as their father had done before them, and for years they: went regularly to the mill at Rochdale like ordinary factory hands. , It is understood, says the "World,? 1 that Sir Frederick Robetts will be entrusted Avith the duty of reorganising the Indian army to a certain extent. There are some regiments m all three of the presidency armies Swhich are known to be unserviceable. The ranks are filled with men drawn from the xinwarHkeTaces of India, and they are utterly inefficient for the purpose of w«r. These are to be weeded out by degrees, and are to be replaced by new corps recruited among the fighting men on the frontier. It is felt, however, that the selection of corps. foV disbandment will be a matter requiring the exercise of great tact and discrimination, and it was m view of the changes contemplated that a decision was come to to extend General Roberts' term of command. ; M. Got, the French actor, says:—''You ask me if a comedian requires intellect m order to succeed. None whatever ! I would even go further, and say that the less intellect he has the better he will get on. Actors without intellect—and heaven knows there are plenty of them—rush forward without fear, full of self-reliance, while! if-they were intellectual they would be continually afraid that there interpretation of such and such a character was wrong, and, fearful of having made a mistake, would lose their confidence. Speaking broadly, therefore, it is best that the actor should not be possessed of a great intellect. Many artists are m exactly the same position. For my own part I know many sculptors and painters ojf real talent who, outside their own line, are as foolish as geese." It is curious how naturalised foreigners find their way to the fore m Europe. It would be hardly fair, perhaps, to call Yon Caprivi an alien, for although the German Chancellor is of Italian descent, he was born of naturalised German parents. Count Taafe, the Prime Minister of Austria, is an Irish Peer. The Russian Chancellor, De Giers, is a Swede. Prince Malcolm Khan, a Scotchman, was until recently the Persian Ambassador m London. An Irishman (Q'Donnell) was thrice Prime Minister m Spain* and Macmahon was President of Frauce. Yon Mohrenheim, a German, is the Russian Ambassodor at Paris. Waddingtonj the French Ambassador m London, is an Englishman. De Lauriay, the Italian Ambassador at Berlin, is a Frenchman. Wood Pasha, the chief consulting Admiral of the Tnrkish fleet, is an Englishman, as was Hobart Pasha, late Admiral of the fleet. And the most notable American of the present day Is an Englishman, namely, H. M. Stanley. ■ A Melbourne man has just paid £115 10s for a ten guinea book. Ori September 12th, before Mr Justice Webb and Mr Justice Hodges, constituting a Full Court, an appeal m the case of Picturesque Atlas Publishing Company against C. C. Benlley, manufacturer, was heard., The appeal was the outcome of an action brought by. the Picturesque Atlas Company against Bentley m June last to recover the amount due for 'the Picturesque Atlas of Australasia. The defenc* raised by the defendant was that the plaintiff company had brokeu the contract by not delivering the, work according to promise. The Full Court held that the tender of the work was sufficient and that it did not matter when the actual delivery took place, and found m plaintiff company's favour with coits. Great, interest was evinced m; the •ise, as it was looked upon by many as a test one. The costs awarded to the company amounted to about £105. The best medicine known is SANDER and SONS' EUCALYPTI EXTRACT. Test its eminent powerful effects m coughs, colds, influenza, etc.—the relief is instantaneous. Thousands give the most gratifying testimony. His Majesty the King of Italy, and medical syndicates all over the globe are its patrons, head the official report* that accompany each bottle. Mosler, M.D., Professor University, Griefswald* reports :-—The Eucalypti Extract proved magnificently bucceSsful m very severe contusions, bruises, apiains, wounds, scaldings, broken ribs, and limbs. ("Medical Journal," Nov., 1881. In diseases of the kidneys, either active congestion or suppression, (urcemai) or albumi, nuria, dropsy, lithargy, nothing will equal iii its action Eucalypti Extract. Doses, five to six drops, Mosler, M.D., Professor, University, Griefswald, reports:—Diphtheria. Tonsils continually coherent presenting ulcers with white exudats. Cured m four, teen days. Surgical Clinic of Prof. M'lntyre, College of Physicians and Surgeons, St. Louis—Scirrhus of Breast—Excision Eucaypti Extract employed. No swelling, heat, or discoloration. Cured m fourreen days v,, Advt. .. "■ ■ . : ■ ■ I Holloway's Ointment and Pills. — Coughs, Influenza.—The soothing properties •f these medicaments render them well worthy of trial m all diseases of the respiratory organs. In common colds and infiuanra the pills, taken internally, and the ointment rubbed over the chest and throat,- are exceeding efficacious. When influenza is epidemic this treatment is the easiest, safest, and surest. Holloway's Pills purify the bloo.i, remove all obstacles to its free circulation through the lungs, relieve the overgorged air tubes, and render respiration free, without reducing the strength, irritatng the nerves, or depressing the spirits; such are the ready means of escaping from i suffering when afflicted with colds, coughs, bronchitis, and other chest complaints, by which the health of so many is seriously and parmanently injured m most countries.

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LOCAL AND GENERAL, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2563, 6 November 1890

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LOCAL AND GENERAL Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2563, 6 November 1890

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