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Arctic Exploration.

Two remarkable expeditions for solving a groat Arctic secret, the geographical and meteorological condition of things at the North Pole, are at present under consideration. , Everyone h-iK beard of Nansen and hit) recenb and magnificent 1 journey acroas Greenland. Since then 1 Ul9 Nortfegian^Assembly has voted two 1 hundred thousand crowns for the expenses of a voyage by their herioc fellow countryman to the North Pole. A specially constructed boat of a hundred and seventy tons burden is to be built for him, iv whioh he will carry provisions and,fuel sufficient for himself and a dozen men.for five. years. He hopes, however, to accomplish his purpose m twenty-four months. The novelty of his attempt consists solely m the raute to bo takon. Various articles, including relics of the ill-fated Jeanettq, have from time to time been picked upon the coast of Greenland. They had evidently been brought from the other side of tho Polar Sea. Borno upon the ioe, they, are supposed to have been carried by a current close to the North Pole, if not exactly over it. Nansen proposes tc^ utilise this current and will start on his adventurous journey from February 1892. Very much more Quixotic is the: scheme for which M. Georges Besancon, director of the Superior School ol Aerial Navigation at Paris, and ;M. Gustavo Hermite, astronomer and meteorologist, are paid to be "sponsors. These . French gontlemen propose to balloon to the North Pole from the %oast of Spitzbergen. They expect to be' four, or five days only on the journey of four,ol five thousand miles, hoping to drop safely, on, the North American continent, or else m Arctic Siberia Their balloon will be a large one, lined with silk, and protected on the outside by a special varnish which will ensure its absolute imperviousness. r ... •

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Bibliographic details

Arctic Exploration., Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2550, 22 October 1890

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Arctic Exploration. Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2550, 22 October 1890