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The street lamps m Gora, Southland, were lighted on Tuesday night by water gas. The degree of M.D. has been conferred on Mr Gray Hassall, of Wellington, by the Aberdeen University. In the Japanese House of Peers just elected there are 22 fanners, 15 merchants, and but owe nobleman. In one of the Chicago hospitals 25 per cent of the patients are suffering from the effects of cigarette smoking. John Burns, the loader of the dockmen m London, says that the men are more sober since they have shorter hours and more pay than before. The " Bruce Herald " states that a lot of wool, the clip of some thousand sheep, was pafssed m at the price offered m Dutiedin and sent to London, where it failed to reach the price offered before shipment. ■ We regret to be unable to record any improvement on the health of Mrs John Henry, of the Commercial Hotel. The lady has been ill for several weeks, and her case has assumed a more serious aspect. An Oamarn contemporary complains that Crown land for sale m the Oamaru district js advertised, not m the local papers, but m ■,% Dunedin evening newspaper, having no (circulation m the Oamaru district. A bookseller m Vienna was called upon to* bind a volume of 100 leaves worth 100,000 gulden. Each leaf was a bond for 1000 V 'ukleu, the book being the gift of the owner to his only daughter. ( Ine of the students at Trinity University Col tege, Melbourne, on behalf of students rece, itly made a number of charges against the Varden. He was given half an hour to produ c proof, and failing to do so within the allt »*ted time was expelled, whereupon 50 stmk ***s left the College m a body. . A lady* .m Colchester is using a lamp chimney that slie has had and used daily for the past eight years, and she expects to use it for many yV ars yet- She Siiya sne boiled it m sa\ 'f and water when it was bought m 1882, & 11(1 n» matter how large a flame runs through i*i & won't break. ; At a conferenceoof. f- Fruit Boards m Hobart it was agreed, as there were 12,844 acres used for orchard purpt 'ses m Tasmania, to ask the Government to appoint an entomologist from England or America, to be paid by Government out of the consolidated revenue, to aid orchardists m keeping down insect ports. ■ ' ■ • : Yesterday a man with ti«e Italian name of Tonabaci, and the English «l<«* °f William Simpson, was sent a mou.*J» *° oaolty tlie Mayor and Mr Alfred Harris.'»» im' the theft of a watch. It appears the w. had been stolen from one Travels on *ne 29th of I September, and sold m Ashburton' f°r Od ; the police valued it at £2. A very interesting scene was enai"'*^ m one of Masterton's side streets the other evening, when a gay young benedict,^ °f flirtation renown, was subjected to about *s severe a castigation at the hands of i«» enraged brother-in-law as one need wish fo** m a life time. The interview, has, Aye understand, had the desired effect.—" Wairarapa Daily." An invention has been brought out m England by which butter is made instantaneously by a machine working m conjunction with the separator! Contrary to the general conception as to a slow motion being required for clntrniug, the dasher m this machine revolves at the rate of 3000 revolutions per minute, and a very short time by this bii3tness-likc process suffices to mak.e butter of a very high closet

She: "It ytiW be a pleasure for me to share your troubles arid anxieties." He: " But I haven't any." She : " Oh, you will have when n6 are married." In our leading article hot evening on the dummying of land a olerico.l error occurcd, by which it was made to appear that nine persons applied, on behalf of a powerful land company, for" IJKJ2 acres of kind m South CEinterbury. The acreage referred to should have read "Between 10,000 and 11,000 acres.',( A,ne>v French clock contains a novel application of the magnet. Tiic clock is shaped like a tambourine, with a circle of flowers paiutsd on its he id. Around the circle two l)co3 crawl, the larger one requiring twelve hours to eoniple its circuit, while the smaller one makes it every hour. Different flowers represent the hours, and the bees, which are of iron, arc moved by two magnets behind 1 the head of the tambourine. The " Bay of Plenty Times " of September 22nd says ;r—Our recently imported type setting machii^ry is giving much satisfaction. In a short time, after thoroughly mastering the kbys, one girl will be able to set up the " Bay of Plenty Times" daily. As these machiues are played like a piano, and, therefore specially suited for female labor, the present ungallant attitude of the Typographical Society m excluding women from the typesetting trade, should cause a groat demand for these type-sotting machines worked by omposotriccs. We have tome young ladies on our staff at present learning these machines, and we expect shortly to require more. The unusually mild winter through which New Zealand haa just passed, has not been without its drawbacks. In most parts of the South Island complaints arc already b«iug made of the scarc>tv of water, and fears are entertained m several localities that the rivers arid creeks will run dry, owing to the diminished tail of snow and rain iv the back country. In a well watered country like the South Island, of New Zealand it will indeed be a strange experience to have a water famine, but such a contingency appears to be- on the cards unless aeavy rains immediately set m. The Charitable Aid Board yesterday decided to reduce the salary of the Master and Matron of the Old Men's Home to .iiKJO per annum. ,The Board al»o refused to pay the account* for a truss to a patient m- the Ashburton Hospital, and for clothes supplied to William Brown's family, whose house was burned down at Tiuwald some tune ago. The latter^ account was declined on the ground that the Mayor of Ashburton had given orders for the clothes ou his own responsibility without consulting the Charitable Aiu, Committee. A new method of cutting skirts has just been invented, the Queen tells us, namely, that .of cutting them on the ■ principle of Turkish trousers, the skirt being closed at the edge with openings for the feet to pass -through.' To make them a piece of cloth some four yards long is used for the froni and back breadths alone. Instead of cutting them the required length m the usual manner, the material is hemmed up a certain depth, the extra length being left to connect the two breadts. Then the side widths are fitted m. The determining of the position for the openings, so as to give the greatest possible freedom to the movements, required the nicest of calculations, newly twenty skirts having been experimented upon before perfection was attained-

The agent of Mr J. L. Toole was m town to>day making arrangements for the apptarince •on fhursitoy, 10th instant, at Ashburton of that well-known and liighlyttccredited comedian. Mr Toole au<t his talented uompaiiy have met with enthusiastic receptions wherever they have appeared m; ■Australia, ;iud durihgtheir receut appearances i at DnnediiT. the theatre was packed every evening. Mr Toole stauds at the top of the tree ii^ his i*rofcs.sion, and as a comudian is iniiuitablc. A treat is, therefore, m store , for ;';Ashburt(»i». tht'iitre-goers, Avhich is not likely to be massed. The only regret is that the arraugcir.eiits of the company will not permit of more than one evening's stay. The pieces selected for representation here are Henry J, Byron's well-known comic drama '' Chawles ; or a Fool and his Money," and a modern, uurth-provoking farce, m each of which Mr Toole will appear m the title rile. ■ ;- > >. Mr John Horns^y at Sydney has recently been strongly advocating the system of profitsharing as :t ready way of getting rid of labor troubles. .After giving a number of cases of the remarkable sniccess of this plan, he said:—ln America during the last few years, while, capital had gained by £400,000,000 labor had only benefited to the extent of £10,000,000. The reason for all this was that a wrong principle underlay what had been done iv the past —m regardiug. labor as, a commodity, such as corn, flour, etc., to be bought m the cheapest and sold m the clearest market. Now that principle must die. It Mas at the root of everything tlm t was bad m connection with these labor troubles. It led the way to sweating and the direst poverty. Tradesunionism was aii existing fact which must be recognised. A great deal had been heard about boards oi' conciliation and arbitration, but the best thiing to adopt was the schema he had shadow* )d forth—proiit-sharing. This season's 1, social entertainments have . introduced to Wellington pleasure-seekers a new and agreeable kind of exercise, which appears on the programme under the name of the "barn" <lance. The precise connection between its graceful and sprightly movements and the iaea of a barn is not easily seen, and there ihas consequently been much speculation as to how the dance got such a name. A friend of German nationality comes \ to tlie rescue with a feasible explanation. He says that m some parts of the vaterland the country people have a pomilar dance which m every respect resembles the new colonial craze. It i 3 there known as the " banern " dance, or peasants 1 dance. From the German "■ baueru" to the English "barn" would be a, very easy transition. Any student of philology could recall instances of similar corruptions of foreign terms, grafting new words into the English language, or giving new meaning to old ones. —"Post." On the plains of New Mexico are forests of a growth known as thread and needle trees, says the New York Telegram. The tree partakes of the nature of the gigantic asparagus, and has large, thick, fleshy leaves, resembling one of the cactus family known as the "prickly pear." The needles of the needle and thread tree are set along the edges of these thick leaves. In order to get ! equipped for sewing it is only necessary to push the thorn or needle gently backward into the fleshy sheath—this to loosen it from the tough outside covering of. the leaf —and then pull it from the socket. A hundred fine fibres adhere to the thorn-like spider webs. By twisting the needle during the drawing operation this fibre can be drawn out to an indefinite length. The action of the atmosphere toughens the minute fibre amazingly, to such a degree as to make a thread twisted from it no larger than a No. 40 capable of sustaining a weight of five pounds, about three times the tensile strength of common six-corded thread. The scientific name of this foreign wonder is Tentyana Mucadica.

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LOCAL AND GENEHAL, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2539, 9 October 1890

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LOCAL AND GENEHAL Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2539, 9 October 1890

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