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Meetings of the Working Men's Political Association will be held m the Oddfellows' Hall on Thursday and Saturday, 2nd and 4th of October. J number of people who live m boats about Canton is estimated to be 100,000. Some put it at 250,000. > | Sir Daniel Cooper, a wealthy Sydney magnate, lately sold a collection of postage stamps for £3000. At Eastbourne a gipsy woman known as Maomi was sent to Dewes for a week's hard labor for pretending to tell the fortune of a , servant girl. A priest while celebrating mass near New York fell back after drinking from the chalice, and for some days lay at death's door. Someone had placed arsenic m the com- 1 juuuion Avine. The Emperor of Germany is said to be having a new crown made, which is to weigh 3ib. and to contain over 100 diamonds. The Empress is to have a new crown set with 1300 diamonds. Letters addressed as follows from places beyond the colony were received at the Afihburton Post Office during the month of July, and are still lying unclaimed:—F. Becker, Walmsley Atkinson, Alan W. Bell, j J. Cornwell, and James Crawford. The " Bruce Herald " states that a farmer who owns and cultivates 600 acres of land m Tokomairiro reckons that his rates, property tax, sheep tax, and other impositions, stand him m about £1 a week,''and be has not got a decent road to his place. A Taupo resident reports that there have lately been heavy discharges of steam from Ruapehu. On one occasion during the past winter he noticed Ruapehu omitting a large volume of steam, which mostly fell at the base of the mountain, covering that part and the adjacent plain with a heavy mantle of enow. Thia was on a fine but very cold day, and the phenomenon was somewhat remark--1 able. .

Mr Leonard White's draught entire, King of the Vanquishers, died on Sunday last at Rakaia, from the Itffeots of a chill. This stallion which was by Young Vanquisher— , Miss McCormick, took first prize m hid class at the: last show m Chriatchurch. In England at the famous Rothamstead Agricultural Experimenting Station, wheat haa been grown every year on the same ground for 30 years. A plot which had 14 I tons of farmyard manure per aero every year, yielded 35 bushels of wheat per acre for the first 18 years, and 32 bushels for the next 18 yoar.s- Another part-, dresaed with artifieal manure every year, guvo 36 bnshols of grain for the lirst 18 yeura, and 33 bushels for the next IS years. For 3(i years the artificial manure gave an average of 2 bushels of wheat per acre more than did a dressing of 14 tons of rich farmyard manure. The cost of the artificial manure was about £2 an acre. These experiments where conducted on naturally poor soil. The Pope lias just completed, it is said, the Encyclical letter m which he deals with the great social problems of the day; and the publication, it is confidently asserted, will ( produce a profound sensation throughout the length and breadth of Christendom. While engaged m its preparation His Holiness placed himself m communication with several eminent economists! to consult them on other subjects, ,but really m order to obtain from them their unpremeditated opinions. The document was written m Italian m the first instance, and then scrupulously revised, after; "which?it was translated into Latin. It is understood to have been ready for issue for some weeks past, but its appearence was postponed so that the Pontiff might put himself m of what was said and done at the Labor Conference m Berlin. If one half of what is claimed for the new process of smelting discovered by Dr J. Braxerea, of Oporto—an invention which has been taken m hand by the Spanish jGhanlbfir of Commerce m London—turns out to be well founded, the whole system of metallurgy is on the eve of. revolution. It is asserted that by means of the " Braxeres Universal burnace," m one operation and m less, time than an hour any metal can be extracted m a chemically pure state from its native ore, and a much higher percentage of metal obtained, with a saving of from 30 to 50 per cent, m labor and fuel. The system is said to Ik equally adapted for the production of iron zinc, lead, copper, tin, and the precious metals, every unit of the latter being extracted by the one single process, m which no preliminary pulverisation, roasting, or fluxing is needed. The new Premier of Cape Colony, M* Cecil Rhodes, has had a somewhat remarkable career. The* Press says that he suddenly flashed, upon the British public a few months ago as the donor of £10,000 to the Parnellite Fund. Mr Rhodes has not always been able to give away £10,000 m this delightful, free, and open handed manner. He is the second son of an English clergy-,, man, the late Rev F. W. Rhodes, Vi&ir of Bishop's, , i About twenty years ago he was an undergraduate at Oxford, not overburdened with pocket money, and was taken seriously ill. As the only chance of saving his life he went on a voyage to South Africa and settled first m Xatal and afterwards m Kimberley. The change did him good physically, as he is now stated to be a tall, big, ruddy man, whom yon would never suppose to have come out as a boy m danger of not surviving the voyage. It also proved beneficial to him m other ways. At a time when diamond mining was m a bad way m South Africa Mr Rhodes had -the foresight to buy into De Beer's mine, while his financial sagacity and powers of organisation enabled him to take a large share m amalgamating the various mines into the De Beer's .Consolidation with so much advantage to those concerned. Thus it is that at present he is a wealthy man, Ho is very highly spoken of personally, and it is said that Gordon, who met him at thfe Cape, invited him to go to Khartoum as his secretJiry.' Fortunately for himself Mr Rhodes declined, having just been invited to take a position m the Ministry of Sir Thomas Scanlon. The latest circular issued by the Railway Commissioners is certainly nqt a wise one. They were not even called upnn to proclaim by circular that they would..iiii logger r.ecoginae or deal with the Executive of tUe Railway Servants' Union, or with the Union itself. They should have waited till either body approached them. Still less was it necessary for the Commissioners to outline the basis of a Union which, they would recognise or deal with. That should have been left to their employees to evolve when they learned the attitude taken up by the Commissioners m respect to the present Union. The proposal for the formation of an acceptable Union should have emanated from the men, the approval of the Commissioners being then sought. As it is employees are very unlikely to accept tl« dictation of the Commissioners, and their refusal to do so may cause further friction. Even if the Commissioners' suggestions web adopted, trouble might easily arisen Ihiy might find .themselves unpleasantly ■hampered m their future action by the fact of the Union being practically of theii* ovn creation. The Commissioners had done quie enough to assert their authority and shew their determination, without the latest circular, aud its issue must be regarded as a deckled It was at the best quite unnecessary, and it is calculated to retard rather than to promote the object it has m view. The men are not likely to take kindly to or look with favor upon the schene which will be known as the Commissioners' Union.—"Post." ,

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LOCAL AND GENERAL, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2532, 1 October 1890

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LOCAL AND GENERAL Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2532, 1 October 1890

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