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Madame Patey, the eminent vocalist, who has fetoty .arrived m the colonies, was born m 1842,'aud is jtj^e possessor of a contralto voice ol rare pow#r anti pweetnesa. Since 1870, when' Madame Sainton Dolby retired into private life, she has enjoyed the reputation of being the leading contralto singer m the old country. ivfy Is#iiQ Selby, who a few years ago was starring round as/i Frecthought lecturer, has seen the error' of his ways, given m his adhesion to the Bible religion once more, and is now lecturing m Sydney as a champion of Christianity; and the earnest enemy j bi 4)thci3m.— "Australian Christian World." ' A Penny payings' Bank has recently been .established m Du^edi^iu with one ,of the States*kools. Theinstitutipnliasbecftme •very popular with the children, and the aeciMiiylated funds already represent £7 19s lid, the iwfco|§ qf which has been banked m pence. Deposit* e*<sj%ed £he withdrawals m all accounts, and bank's Wi^omp from overdrafts jis nil. It is believed that t,he grea.teat achievement Wf. tj)e way of telephonic coinmunica- i ■tion is .that o£ £l}£ telephone between New j York and .Chicago, iiy tfy\* ijje^fflnj audible converse is held between two persona stajiding just 1000 miles apart. Europe has not yet come up to much more than ,one-half this distance. The telephone between Paris and Marseilles covers 582J miles^ which ia a long way short of the telephone New Yprk and Chicago, •

J. C. H. Williams, an Adelaide policeman, has fallen heir to a forttine of £85,000 left by his father, a merchant m Brazil. For a c»ld On the chest, a flannal rag wrung out of boiling water sprinkled with turpentine and laid on the chest gives the greatest relief. Fainting procsods from different causes, the commonest being a disturbance m the circulation of the blood m the brain. For an ordinary iaintiug fit you should lay the ratient flat. Ctreat harm has often resulted fi-om the treatment by ignorant people m trying to make the patient sit up, or propping up the head with pillows. You want to send the blood back from the heart to the brain, and so the flat posture is absolutely necessary. Let the patient lie so that the feet are higher than the head, throw open the clothes about the chest and throat, and sponge the face with cold water, and give tho patient some cold water to drink. Edward Everett's definition of a good J education was:—"Read the English language well, write with despatcu a neat legible hand, and be master of tho first four rules.of arithmetic, so as to dispose of at once, with accuracy, every question of figures which comas up, m practice, and if you add the ability to write pure grammatical English, you have an excellent education. There are the tools. You Joan do much with them, but. you are hopulcNs without them. They are the foundation ; and unless you begin with these, all your ilashy attainments, a little geology, and all other olocics and osonhics, ure uatcntntioun rubbish." A new evidence of Chinese cunning ban just been brought to at Chicago. 801110 time ago an Englishman exhibited an tinusually valuable lot of unset pearls to an expert m those gems, who bought for 2Woilol a number of fine ones, apparently worth SOOOdol. On weighing them lie found they weighed about four times more than they should. He finally took them to another expert, and it was eventually docided to i break one of them. This was done, when it was found to be filled with lead. A hcuoikl expert, who had lived m China, any* the Chinese i;atcli oysters and mussels, pry open the shells and drop bullets into them. This causes irritation, and a regular layer of pearl is formed around the lead. The credit balance on the half-year's business of the Melbourne Gas Company was £108,913, and a dividend of 10s 9<l per share amounting, to £76,025 was paid. On Ist January the price of gas was reduced from 5s M to 4s 7cl per 1000 feet, yet the increased consumption enabled the company to pay 21£ per cent, dividend, the maximum allowed by the Act of Incorporation. The concession m the price of gas was equal to £35,000 on the half-year's business. Fiftysix miles of new services were laid, 4486 meters went into use for new customers, and 66 were attached to gas engines during the same period, The number of meters now m use is 77,872 and the company have laid 723 miles of mains. There are no less than 2874 names on the eloetoral roll for the Ashburton district,' and as there wilj. be some hundreds more on thft supplementary roll it is safe to say that that there will be over 3000 registered names. Now as the total population is, according to the Representation Commissioners' calculation, only 7362, and as women and children are not eap.ible of being registered as electors, it follows that there must be an enormous number of dead-heads or duplicate names on the roll. In fact, seeing that adult males represent'only 27 per cent, of the total population of the colony, the maximum number of possible electors m this electorate will beabout 2000, there being thus fully 1000 names on the roll that certainly should not be there; affording of course it does the greatest facilities for personation and the tendering of bogus votes. In all likelihood the same thing obtains throughout the colony, so that we may probably look for. an unusual number of disputed returns and election petitions. The •'Medical Press" reports:—"Ar a meeting of the Academic dcs Sciences, Professor Brown-Sequard referred to some experiments he had conducted with a view to determine what {if any) were the toxic effects of the human breath. In condensing the watery vapour coming from the human lungs he obtained a poisonous liquid capable of producing immediate death. This poison is an alkaloid (organic), and not a microbe, or series of microbes, as might have been imagined.. He injected this liquid under the skin of a rabbit, and the effe-et was speedily mortal. The animal died without convulsions ; the heart and large vessels were engorged with reddish blood, contrary to what is observed after ordinary death, when the quantity of blood is moderate and of a dork color. In conclusion this eminent physiologist said tliat it was fully proved that respired air contained a volatile toxic principle far more dangerous than carbonic acid, which was also one of its constituents, and that the human breath, as well as that of animals, contained a highly poisonous agent. The repressive edicts issued by the Russian Government against the Jews m Russia increase m severity (says a '' Times " correspondent)- The new regulations are remark-, able m this respect. They ordain that m the future Jews shall reside only m towns and not m the country. No Jew will any longer be permitted to own land or even to farm land. To intensify the severity of this edict and widen its scope, the Government officials have included many hundreds of small towns m the category of country villages, and expelled the Jews from those towns. Tens of thousands of souls will thus be rendered homeless. Jews are no longer to be allowed to be m any way connected with mines or mining industry, nor even to hold shares m any mine. They will be practically debarred from partaking of any educational advant- j ages, whether m schools gymnasia, or universities, The legai profession, m which heretofore a large number of Jews m Russia have achieved great supgesg, wIH m future be closed to Jewish students, Jews are henceforth prohibited from following the profession* of engineer or army doctor, or from filling any Government post, however subordinate.

Mr W. P. Reeves announces himself as a candidate for Christchurnh. The annual concert m connection with St. Stephen's Cmirch will take place m the Church Schoolroom to-morrow (Thursday) evening at 8 p.m. At a meeting of the Wool Buyers' Associa-' tion at Christchuich on Monday a motion was carried to the effoct that all locul wool buyers pledge themselves not U> attend or be represented at sales m the .country, viz., at Ashburton, Rarigiora, or Amberley. Another mountaineering, accident m reported. The ",St James' Gazette" states thai the visitors to Zell-am-See, one of the most popular summer resorts m the Tyrolese Alps, had been feeling uneasy recently as to the H»fty of three persons .who ascended the Kitesteinhorn" on Thursday, and were snid to have been lo«t. Tho report proved to be only too true, for on Sunday some guides found the three bodies, on the glacier. The Kitswteinhorn k the Highest peak of the whole Taucrii chain. Tho victims are » Vienna lawyer (Dr Edouard Meyor), his son, aged Boventeen, and their guide, who leaves a family unprovided for. Dr Meyer was a nervous little man, who could not see what was on luh plate uiilohh he wore spectacles, and what could have induced him to try to aacend a mountain of upwards of 10,000 feet m height it is impossible to understand. IJiHhop Attcrbury, it, (lie House of Lords, Hpcakmg of a certain Bill, Raid :—'< It ig not many months since I ventured to prophesy that thiH iniquitoiiH Bill would be brought forward. I am sorry that a prophecy, delivered ho much against my inclination, him huen so soon and H0 fully verified m all it» pointw." Lord ConingHby, who always spoke m a puuuoii, replied, "That, as the reverend bishop had ohow-n to call himself a prophet, ho only knew one m Scripture with whom ho deserved to bo compared—that was Ikliuun, who had been reproved by an ass." riie biwliop mildly retorted, "That part of lua lorduhip'H alliiMJon which compares me to Balaam [ mn roadily apply to myself, but as to the latter part of it, I am at a losh to find out to whom it must apply ; for Biire I am that I-have been reproved by no one present except his lordship." The history of John Burns, the Socialist leader, who has been ho much en evidence lately, has (writes a London correspondent) been given to the world. We are told that he is of Scottish extraction, and hia family boasts of the poet Robert Burns as one of its HcionH. When ten years old he was forced by circumstances to go to work m a candle factory. After this he worked as page boy and rivet boy, doing a pot boy's work on Sua« days. By-and-by he became apprenticed to an engineer, were he remained until, he was 21. Then, his application for tv journeyman's wages being refused, he "struck," and went off to another firm. Here he was employed at general engineering, and afterwards made telegraph working instruments. After some years of hard work on the West coast of Africa, where he had accepted an engagement, Burns settled down atßattersca, where he now resides. A very sad case, writes a correspondent of a London paper, was tried m Vienna on July 30th, m whicli the sympathies of the public were all with the accused. It appeans that a gentleman was one day last month driving his phaeton through tlie cityj and on turning a corner the horse ran into the midst of a crowd of children, who had just left school. They ran m all directions, -and all escaped except, a little girl, who was knocked down. The man on alighting recognised his own child m the little one who was lying there insensible with her thigh broken. The accused was convicted of having by his reckless .driving endangered the lives of the children^ and was sentenced to pay a fine £10. Before leaving the Court he said to the Judge ; "If you had sentenced ,me to a year's imprisonment you could not have punished me more severely than I have been punished already. I cannot describe to you what are the feelings of a father at the bedBide of a child who is suffering pain caused through his own negligence. I gave away my horse and phaeton upon tlie day of the accident, and I will never drive a carriage *g*»." b The annual installation and investure of officers of the Ashburton Kilwinning Royal Arch Chapter took place m the Masonic Hall last evening. The event was one of the finest gatherings of Arch Masonry that has ever taken place m the Hall, many visiting companions having been present. The ceremony of installation and inveature was conducted by M. E. Companions J. Scaly, P.Z, and C. Braddell, P.Z, the latter assisting, and both solemnity and impressiveness was added to the voices of the celebrants by the organ and Arch choir. Companion H. Gates was organist, and an efficient team of singers gave the popular Masonic anthems with fine effect. After labor the Companions retired to the refectory were a sumptuous banquet was laid, ana the rest of the evening was spent m true Masonic style. The following werethe officers installed and invested :—M. E. Companions A. Harrison. Z; W. Pattman, H; W. Malcolm, J ; : Companions G. P. Milsom, S.E; J. L, Brown, S.N; SM. E. Companion C. Braddell, P.Z, Treasurer; Companions. B. Nelson, P.S. ;J. Corbitt, S.S.; S. Brown, J.S.jH. A. Gates, organist; R. Cullen, janitor. , .

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LOCAL AND GENERAL, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2526, 24 September 1890

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LOCAL AND GENERAL Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2526, 24 September 1890

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