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"Now, Johnny, you know what a noun is, do you?" ftYeth, nm." " What is Jerusalem?" "An ejaculation, mum," The " Napier News " mentions a rumour that Mr Ocmond is to be called to the Upper House. The postage on a letter from the United States through England to India is 2-kl. The postage on a letter sent m England to India is sd, A beautiful ice-cavern Has just boen disr covered m Bosnia, Eastern Europe. The principal grotto contains stalactites five feet m diameter, consisting of the purest ice. The cavern also contains some frozen waterfalls and picturesque ice-formations. It is alleged that a house-to-house canvass m Carlton, Victoria, by the members of the l^omen's Suffrage Association resulted m 200 won^n giving their names as prepared to go .on board' y&sspls and unload perishable goods, articles for household consumption, ptc. fhtt number #f hairs pn tjie ty/jnan head are said to vary according to their color, the light-rdbred growing thicker than the coarse and dark-colored hair. It is estimated ; that about 850 hairs grow to the square inch m chestnut color, 780 m flaxen hair, and 600 m black hair. '$*&¥$ js a steady but substantial increase m the ct/u&umption of Australian vanes m London, jtu j|.ss7 the .quantity of wine brought to England ivqifi-fAie antipodes was i 168,188 gallons.; m 1888 th<j fijjautity increased to 262,939 gallons.; and last y(&t jt reached 307,059 gallons. A^ *£«urate stpry is told of a wool-dealer who, after tiuit /oss of his sight, became a better judge of wj^i Jtlien lie was before. He visited Melbourne .m JtSW,fcud during ten .weeks bought more than £ -I.W.ood'worth qi i w><)}', doing.aU the business -inv^yed—hank- ' iugwCfeff.^j^e and siiippiug—'without t'h'e'aid • i»it a hiyiifir." ' " ' , The <G'ajKicMan»- *m $%cigi IM>iiwP)ng them-; selves oh tlie find of m CTccelflei^; ppfi. of material which makes wfaat js 'pqpyj^riy known as " Portland cement/ Hitherto really good cement had to be imported. The place where the carbonate of lime and clay have been found is the bed of Shallow Lake, «jY.l!js miles distant from Owen Sound.

A football club m Napier rejoices m the title of the "Crackskulls." A report recently presented with a Bill for prohibiting aliens from owning lands m the United States mentions that certa European noblemen, principally Englishme n» are now owners of about 21,000,000 acres °* land, while the quantity owned by nntitleC 1 is unknown. It cites several cases m which British subjects residing m England hold vast tracts of land from which they receive rents from the tennants. A Home journal says:—An enormous increase ia reported m the New Zealand frozen meat trade during the last few years. The value of the imports to this country m 18S2 amounted to only £19,000, while m 1887 it was £445,000, and last year £850,000. Over a million carcases of mutton are now sent annually to England. It is said that large quantities of New Zealand mutton arc supplied to hotels and restaurants and presented to the public as English mutton at the ordinary tariff. Those whose hearts are m Cockneydom will be interested to learn that the new Battersea bridge was opened for traffic on July 21 by Lord Rosebery, who congratulated the County Council on being m power at the moment of the completion of that great metropolitan improvement. Tho bridge spans the river from Chelsea to Battersea, almost on the same site as the old ■« oodea structure, which, owing to its dangerous condition, had to be removed a few years ago. Criticising David Christie Murray's play " Chums," the " Southland Times " says :— J To begin with there is not an original idea m the drama; m the next place there is not an original character; and lastly there is hardly a line of dialogue from beginning to end that is not either a hackneyed Bentiment or an exasperating platitude. The first act borders closely upon drivel, the second is somewhat better, and the third is the best, but not one of the three rises much above mediocrity, and certainly does not attain a point of excellence worthy of the name of David Christie Murray. Says the "Wairarapa Daily."—"There was a strike on a small scale up country the other day. Three men were employed at certain bush work, for which they were receiving fair wages. They wanted five shillings more a week, so they struck. The employer said : " Very well, you shall have what you demand." He would give the increased pay for a week only. He came into town yesterday, engaged three new men who were only too anxious to get some work to do, and that will be the last week that those who struck will work for the same employer." A striking comment on the demands of labor, is afforded by the statement of a Sheffield man, who says that owing to the introduction of machinery for file cutting, the loss m wages to the men employed m that branch of work m Sheffield alone, amounts to £30,000 a year. It is stated also, that owing to the tise of machinery for ao many purposes on board ships the number of men employed m proportion to the tonnage is 150,000 less than it was m 184!). Even m agriculture it is reckoned tiat on the vast whcatfields of America the annual product of one man's labor U equivalent to the production of fSoOO bushels of wlbeat. Mr Martin, of tho firm of Day and Martin, was a native of Doneaster, and served his apprenticeship to a barber at Gainsborough After this he was employed by the father of Mr Day as a traveller. While staying m an inn at Doneaster he was struck with the brilliant polish on the boots of a private soldier quartered there, byname Florry. In return for a pint of ale he obtained the valuable receipt from him. On his return to London the receipt was proffered to Mr Day, jiui., who agreed to advance the necessary cash, and the manufacture, m a very humble way at first, was begun forthwith. It rapidly became a huge success. After some years Mr Martin sold his share m the business for £10,000 to his partner. When, some years later, Mr Day retired, he had amassed a fortune of nearly £500,000. A meating of those interested m the formation of a Political Association for A.shburton was held m the back room of the Oddfellows' Hall on Saturday evening. About fifty working men were present, and Mr Leggett was asked to take the chair. Mr Leggett read the platform of a similar Association m Christchurch, as a basis on which one could be worked here. It was resolved that an Association, to be called " The Working Men's Political Association of Ashb.irton," be formed, with the following as its objects:—(l) To promote the enrolment of voters ; (2) to purge the rolls ; (3) to assist m securing the return of members to the House of Representatives pledged to support the platform of the Association." After considerable discussion the following was adopted as the platform of the Association :—"Repeal of the property-tax, and tho imposition of .a land and income tax; stoppage of sale of Crown lands, and cancellation of existing provisions for conversion of perpetual leaseholdings into freeholdings ; legislation for eight hours as a day's work ; introduction of the ' referendum ' enabling the people to reject or pass important measures upon which the Upper and Lower Houses may disagree; reform m the management of railways m the colony ; to secure the rights of labor ; to secure woman suffrage." Further discussion of the platform was postponed till next meeting, to arrange for which a Committee of nine gentlemen was appointed. Thanks to Mr Elston were tendered for placing the room at the meeting's disposal free of charge, and to the Chairman for presiding, and the meeting adjourned. One of the troubles which one of our subscribers evidently has m growing raspberries is that he has planted them too close together. Have your rows about eight feet apart and the plants three feet apart m a row, and they will be plenty close enough. There is no fruit grown that can be more easily and certainly grown than the raspberry if it is properlymanage;!. The raspberry will last many years and do well all the time. Give constant good cultivation, supply plenty of food and attend to pruning and the removal of old canes, and there will be no failure. The old system of trellising—which was a considerable expense, if raspberries were grown on a large scale—is not now practiced by the best growers. To avoid trellising pinch back the tips of the cane when two feet high. The result of that is that they throw out laterals which support them. Early next spring cut back these laterals to about a fqot.—Exchange,

Mr Joseph Ivess recently started an evening newspaper at Newcastle, N.S.W., but the paper has now ceased publication owing to lack of support. " ... The installation of the officers of the Ashburton Kilwinmng Royal Arch Chapter, No. 187, S.C., fortheensningyeartakesplace m the Masonic Hall, Tancred street, to-morovv evening at 7.30. Visiting companions are cordially invited, as tho ceremony, being full choral, will be more than usually attractive. An excellent concert is to be given m St' Stephen's school room on Thursday nextAdmission is fixed at 2s and Is, the payment of the larger sum securing seata with backs to them. The proceeds will be devoted to the maintenance of the church fabric. A list of performers is given m our advertisement columns. On Monday evening a swagman, named Maroney, who was lying across the railway m an intoxicated condition, at Motuiti, was "i caught by the cow-catcher of the engine J attached to the downward evening train, and thrown off the line. The man's skull was fractured, and other injuries were inflicted upon him. He was taken on to Foxton, and was sent to the Wanganui hospital by the Tuesday's express. " The Rangitikei Advocate tays that there is a proposal to utilise the pumice plains of the interior by leasing them to persons willing to take them up at the rental of about 20s per 1000 acres. 'Jhe matter has been remitted to the Auckland Waste Lands Board by the Minister ot Lands. The latter however, suggests that, instead of imposing a money rental, the conditions of lease should provide that the tenant be compelled to plant beets of trees on the land. It is wonderful under what peculiar circumstances occasionally a disastrous fire may take its rise, and from what unexpected sources. One day last week a little girl, carrying a parasol along East street, was met by a well-known resident. The gentleman was smoking, and accustomed to romp with the girl, stopped her to indulge m a little | horseplay. He blew a puff of smoke under her parasol. The little maiden accepted the joke under protest, and got away. Entering a shop to fufil the message on which she had been <jent, she set down her parachute near the door, by the side of a pile of goods of light texture. In a few minutes both parachute and goods were seen to be giving off smoke plentifully, and on examination after the fire had been put out it was found that the parasol had been the offender. It appeared that the apparently innocent and jocular puff of smoke had been accompanied by a small piece of burning tobacco, and this, lodging m the covering of the parasoi, had smouldered for some time, and ultimately developed into the fire hi the shop, which might have been followed by serious consequences, but for its prompt discovery and extinction.

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LOCAL AND GENERAL, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2524, 22 September 1890

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LOCAL AND GENERAL Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2524, 22 September 1890

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