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It is easier to miss a train than to train a miss to be prompt. It is proposed to hold the International Exhibition at; Chicago m two departments eight miles apart. A meeting will be held m the Oddfellows' Hall, Ashburton, on .Saturday, September 20th, for the purpose of forming a Working Men's Political Association. Prince Bismarck is the possessor of 482 crosses and decorations. It. would require a breast 21ft m width to wear them all at once. The new observatory near Tantanarivo? Madagascar, will be one of the highest m the woild, as the site chosen is about 4iooft above sea-level. The strike has been not altogether without its advantage to some people. One Hautapu farmer, Mr Selby, has teceived advice that his potatoes consigned to Auckland have realised £7 per ton. The Major of Bath, England, recently inaugurated electric lighting m that town, Which now has 40 miles of underground wiring supplying 59 streets. It is the greatest enterprise of the kind m England. A German paper states that m Lapland an eagle was shot, and '' around its neck it Had a brass chain, to which a little tin box was fastened. The box contained a slip of paper, on whicli was written, m Danish, "Caught and set free again m 1732," Rain is very much wanted m the country. A flooding rain would do much good perhaps by drowning the insect pests which the mild winter gave too many chances of life to. Some of the pastures about Tenmka have been almost ruined by the white grub at theiji? ropts.—" Timaru Herald." Prohibition of the liquor traffic actually exists it Toxtcth district yi'I T iyerpopl, which contains 108 streets and a population of 60,000. There is not a public-house permited £n the whole of the district. The inhabitants are well £ontent with the state of things, and .vigorously uvtyrW any attempt to plant a .public-house' i\wy tiif} J^c that separates Inhibition Toxteth fr,Qiu;%; gTeajfc $£ Lirer»oq!, })i this district 'pa,uper*Bm JS almost "Hkuowflj ob-urohee $n4 aohoojs arej'jvelj attendeu.*

Mr Coe has reported to the " Ma-nawatu Herald"- that Mr Hitchcock, a gentleman from Christohurch, isnow visiting Manawatu, to purchase flax up to 2000 tons, and is pre-: pared to advance £15 on flax produced equal to samples he holds. He is also inclined to lease a mill or two. The Palmerston North Knights of Labor have adopted for a political platform—One per cent tax on the unimproved value of land, m lieu of a property tax and Custom duties on the necessaries of life to the extent of £2r>0,000; maintenance of the present system of primary education; Legislative , Council reform ; and abolition of the bankruptcy law. ■ Canada is jealous of the Great Republic m the matter of spelling. The Superintendent of the Government Printing Bureau of the Dominion has been instructed that m. future m all Government documents and officaal publications such words as favor, labor, honor. etc., must be spelt with the"ll " aoeordiny to the English usage, and not, as hiitherto, after the Ainericaifstyle. An exc'ti»g scene was witnessed off Hillsv.'ick, m Shetland, when a large shoal of whales was observed sporting m the bay. Many boats were speedily maimed anil put off. After much trouble the whales were nearly all driven ashore or killed, the total catch being estimated at one hundred and sixty. Some of the whales were killed m deep water and sank, but twenty came to the surface next morning and were secnoed. It was anticipated that all of them would be cast ashore m a few days. At a recent sitting of the Local Industries Committee, a charge was made against' a Dunedin storekeeper that he collected inferior butter from a number of farmers, titt-d had it packed for export with the brand of "Prime Separator Butter." This being a direct contravention of the statute passed last session providing for the registration of trade marks, and detrimental to the tru/e interests of the dairy industry* steps are to be taken to enforce the law. The Band of Hope Union are ninlnng strenuous efforts m England to advance the cause of total abstinence among the scholars of the day schools. It is estimated that, notwithstanding the vast number of children now connected with the Band of Hope movement, there are still 8,000,000 outside its ranks. It is now proposed to establish a branch of this juvenile temperance society m connection with every public school m the country. The Minister of Education m Victoria, m considering the best way of relieving the country schools of some of the subjects no w taught, so as to make room for the inclusk >n of agriculture m the curriculum. Wr Wallace, an expert m the Agricultural Department, has also been engaged to lecture to the teachers and pupils of technical schools and colleges wherever suitable | arrangements can be made, with speciall classes for teachers. In regard to the question of diseased meat offered for public sale, we cull 'the following from a Christchurch contemporary: —The Directors of the Canterbury saleyards are taking every precaution to see that no meat v offered m their yards that has the appearance of being cancerous. A fortnight ago a beast with a most ugly-looking tumour on the jaw was entered by sorncone,and the classer, Mr John Toon, at once put it m a pen by itself and placed it under lock and key. Having failed m tracing its ownership lie kept it securely for a week, and no likelihood of the owner being then found, the Directors ordered the beast to be killed and buried at their own expense. The Colonial Defence Committee, of London, has recently drawn up a document entitled " Remarks on Major-General Edwards' Report on Colonial Defence." With respect to New Zealand, the Committee thinks that this colony's defences should be dealt 'vith independently of the other colonies. They approve of the par-tially-paid system, but think the transference of naval artillery to rifle companies should be made very gradually. They arc of opinion, also, that the infantry should be provided with a better weapon than the .Snider, but that a total stand of 8,000 m s plnce of the 16,000 recommended would amply suffice. Lady Dilke, the Hon Mrs Juene, and Miss Ida Heather-Biggs have established a "Children's Happy Evening Association" m the East End of London. These ladies have succeeded m getting the freedom of the schoolhouses not used during the day, where organised games are held from 6 till 8 o'clock. It may seem absurd to say so, but the fact is registered that the poor little ones, who arc gathered from the labyrinth of alleys and courts and enticed from the steps of the brightly lit ale house do not know how to play.' Ladies and gentlemen go weekly to the various board schools, where the. happy evenings are held, taking with them jumpropes, balls, tops, battledores and shuttlecocks, hoops, stilts,skates, and games which ♦hey teach the small barbarians to use. It is not unusual to see a beautiful lady or a wealthy man turning one end of a jump-rope, and now that the weather is hot, these same friends of the poor children bring the materials for kites, pin-whee\s,or send boxes of dominoes, draughts, dolls, and paints. Mr H. M. Jones, bookseller and stationer, Ashburton, has lately received, amongst other books, a work dealing with the " Fen* of New Zealand, and its immediate dependencies." The book is profusely illustrated and tastefully written, and contains a vast amount of information peculiarly interestins.' to botanists. Every known fern of, New Zealand is separately dealt with, bhe different varieties being named, and the peculiarities of each order minutely set forth. In addition to dividing and separating the several classes of ferns, valuable instruction is given for their collection, preservation, and cultivation. The book is handsomely bound m calf, the letter-press is perfect, and the lithographic illustrations are true to Nature, The work should certainly find a place m every well-ordered botanist's library. Mr H. C. Meld, C.E., member of the New Zealand Institute, is the compiler of the work, and the letter-press and lithographic work has been entrusted to Mr A. D. Willis, of Wanganui, one of the most able exponents of the art m the colony. The work is, therefore, a purely New Zealand production, from start to finish, and is a credit to the colony. As a fern album the book certainly stands unequalled, and should, from this fact alone, command an extensive sale. A London correspondent says :— One other, wedding which seems to deserve notice is that of Professor James Stuart, M.P. It seems almost a necessity with our polticians to marry heiresses—there being no payment of members here. Lord Rosebery, Mr Howard Vincent, Sir George Trevelyan, and Lord Randolph Churchill may be named as men who have made their political career by " marrying money;" Professor Stuart (whose life has been well described by a friendly opponent as "one long public meeting ") has married the eldest and not very youthful daughter of Mr J. J. Colman, J.P., of mustard-making fame. In addition to the dowry disectly bestowed on the bride, the millionaire mustard-maker supplied a sum of £16,000 to buy Mr T. P. O'Connor out of the editorship of the "Star," so that Professor Stuart might have the political direction of the paper, and run it on the new Socialistic " London-Programme " lines. Seeing that Mr T. P. O'Connor had only a salary of £1200 a year, and- a six months' security of office, Mr Balfour was justified m remarking that tin's stupendous solatium, was only j another example of the extreme difficulty of j evicting an Irishman. , After having with characteristic modesty allowed.Shis \ uirels to be worn by another man for 30 years, Sir Frederick Roberts has at last given his version of the planting of the historic flag at Lucknow on the occasion of the relief of that city. His narrative confirms that which was given a few weeks ago by Sir George Gretm. It was Sir Frederick (then Lieutenant) Roberts who was ordered by Sir Colin Campbell to obtain a flag and plant it upon the mess-house as a signal, previously agreed upon, to Sir James Outram. It was Roberts who planted the signal on the roof. It was Roberts who, evidently under a hail of bullets, replaced it the second and third time when it was shot away. It was Roberta who did this. And it was Wolseley who "lay low and said nuffin" for about 12 years' while, tha exploit was credited to him m various accounts of the siege, including a memoir of himself, published with what purported to be his own testmonial to the author's accuracy. Such is heroism, and such is our only "general!" Perhaps it is fortunate, afte.£ all, that we jjaye no.t »ss?}«? %«> hifft:

According to a recent ukase of the Czar no person who is not of the Christian faith will be allowed to serve on a jury unless by the special approval of the Minister of the Interior and of the Minister of Justice. The power of water to dissolve lead m leaden pipes is at present attracting much attention. In Great Britian the lead pipes for conveying water supplies are n'ppai'ently becoming a serious source of lead poisoning. A new source of the power of w;>t,er to dissolve lead is likely to lie aHccrtained. The nett proceeds of the lecture on Robert Burns, given by Ke\ r P. R. Mcnro, otriounted to five pounds, and this amount will be equally divided between the Ashburton Hospital and Old Men's Home m the purchase of books. A committee, consisting of the Rev Mr Beattie, Dr Trevor, and Mr W. Malcolm, has been appointed to choose the volumes for the respective libraries. Under the head of Farm Notes, the " Melbourne Age " quotes Mr Horsfall as saying i. that three hundred million pounds sterling j is the sum which to-day represents the sheep j and wool industry of Australia. It is difficult tograspthe enormity of such wealth, and yet the estimate may be accepted as tolerable near the mark- More significant still, however, is the fact that there is room m Australia for nearly double the number of sheep it at present contains. The increase last year amounted to about 19,000,000 head. Referring to the Bank of New Zealand Estates Company, "The Australian Insurance and Banking Record," m a leading article on the institution, says :—-The scheme adopted by the directors of the bank is q\ute •ound. The bank' is at once relieved from anxiety on the principal point upon which apprehension could be felt, viz., the loss of British deposits, for it is placed m possession of special funds exceeding m amount the total of such deposits, while the ;fact that such a provision exists will doubtless secure their renewal as they fall due. In fact it it may be assumed that the bank has definitely got over its difficulties. The "'Sydney Telegraph," replying to a correspondent, says he will hardly assert that the Broken Hill line of lode has been proved to be richer or more permanent than the Comstock lode. Yet the latter worked out and ruined thousands m its exhaustion. Two mines alone along that lode yielded 130,000,000d01. m gold and silver and paid 50,000,000d01. m dividends, and to-day they are practically profitless. It is only thirty years since those mines were opened up. It asserts that the Proprietary Mine has been, boomed beyond its value, and that the true value of shares m such ventures should be determined, not by those who gamble m them as speculators, but by those who are bond fide investors. This is prudenc advice, no doubt, but it remains to be seen what effect it will have. In the meantime the rise m the price of silver will be a fresh I source of rejoicing to holders m the Broken Hill Mince.

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LOCAL AND GENERAL, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2522, 19 September 1890

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LOCAL AND GENERAL Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2522, 19 September 1890

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