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Reefton bakers have combined, and now charge one shilling per 41b loaf. A milkman at Christclutrch was fined for selling milk with 16-& per cent, of water. The population of Chile on Ist of Jan. was 3,165,280. Tins includes 50,000 Indians. Mile. Louis Michel says that many of the pleasantest hours of her life have been spent m prison. Brazil's Constitution is m every respect similar to the Constitution of the United States. The oldest member of Lord Salisbury's Cabinet is Lord Cranbrook, who is 70. Lord Salisbury himself is tiO. A new color is coming into fashion. It is called " salmon red," and is much used for decorative purposes. The China Inland Mission is undenominational, and includes some 200 workers under the head of Hudson Taylor. The wife of Mr W. J. Neal, a resident of Hawke's Bay, presented him, on the 20th instant, with three daughters, all doing well. Those of our readers who are interested m cycling will find a notice of meeting m our advertising columns. | In England, the average of life exceeds ! that of France by II years, notwithstanding the superior French climate. The Portuguese nation ia one of the least instructed m Europe, the illiterate inhabitants {being officially stated at 82 per cent of tiw* total population. The tinning of rabbits is becoming a large [ and profitable itsdastry m the Marlborough 1 district, and hundred* of vases of the "vermin " are being exported. Over 30 years ago a sum of £1700 was (subscribed for the purpose of assisting Tarafj%ki settelera during the troublous times. : 4'Ufc fnjount is still lying unclaimed where it was i)«#ked. The Church oi England Bible Society has just celebrated itsoighty-sixth birthday, and issued a French version of the New Testament m which there are exactly eighty-six errors, A Scotch co«'esj>wdcnt of the " Field " na\» a large uuwber .of Canadian cattle have j been fattened m Scotland this winter. The results have been irregular, A few have openly declared themselves well paid by the experiment. Others emphatically assert that they will have no more Canadians, Commenting on Sir Robert Stout's recent letter re boycotting, the Hawera Star rei ffiiitfks :—" We have heard it said that the legal i.>ind, m the course of years, is very liable to a form of disease, which may best be desG*4E#d as a moral one-sided-ness?." The great clearing sale at Weswst'fiold on ()}p late property of C. ('■}. Hawdo'n fe^., ' cowtf/'Jiees at 10.30 a.m., sharp, t'^norrow. i Partuiuk.,''..'' of sale will be founu m our advertising .ivdnmns, and catalogues may be had "from ,14^ auctioneer, Mr 1). Thomas. A coach will ieayg Ashburton for JVesterncld on arrival of the Jib-sl tmuis from iftiWH and Christchurch. The fyijUiprovincial football match Otago v Southland wh* played on Wednesday afternoon iti perfect, though rather warm and reacted m i# unexpected wm for'ftito'lQcttl team X>y four poiifi^ to nil. iWiiiff a#d public opinion' were ?,U m favour of &« Victor** k«t except m parsing, , m which Qvm* emtbd* *kQ Sputhlondera .-id all the best of ib*» gWW, i%W forwards especially being good, Kaogh JW too carefully watched to permit of hi* **«g, 1 fli.vthiu" brilliant. Downes m the latter i&ftff the second spell had to retire hurt SiL rfMeto attend the Garrison Band f ooucvrt Mi kw pi the vwltors to'nlsht-

The Doric leaves Lyttelton for London via Rio de Janiero with mails on Thursday 18th instant at four p.m. The discoveries made by Stanley show that the Nile is the longest river m the world, at least 4,100 miles m length. According to the " World' a complete reconciliation has taken place between the Emperor William and his sister Princess Victoria since the retirement of Prince Bismarck, whom the Princess hated, and she frequently described him as "the evil genius of our family." Bismarck's opinion is that capital and labor ought to be the firmest of friends, and would be so, no doubt, but that each desires to take a little advantage of the other. That, of course, is a purely human characteristic, and we cannot hope to change the nature of mankind. The rights of capital are no less real and '.respectable than those of labor. We must not forget that I The great demand which now exists for rope-making fibres has stimulated research for fibre plants, and numbers have been | found m various parts of the world. The last we have any intelligence of has been discovered growing m great profusion on I the shores of the Caspian Sea. 11 is stated that there is every probability of its bc- [ coming a dangerous rival to jute, and that it will be serviceable for the manufacture of sacking, rope, ann pack thread. The name of this plant is " kanoff." As illustrating the effects of the strikes on the rising generation, the scholars attending I a public school a few miles from Oainaru have drawn np a log stipulating the number of " cuts " of the tawse to be given for each offence. When the limit was overstepped the other day two of the boys rolled the irate dominie along the floor and administered a chastisement. If the log is not adhered to, the juvenile unionists have resolved to boycott the teacher by leaving the school m a body. Dr Henry Duchenne has drawn up a list •f the disorders that affect the left half of the body, and concludes therefrom that it possesses a biological inferiority to the right. He says that obliterating arteritis affects the left Sylvian artery oftener : tubercle affects the left lung oftener; calculous nephritis and renal cysts the left kidney ; orchitis the left testicle ; varicocele the left spermatic veins; neuralgia, chorea, hysterical anaestha«ia, the left side; and cancer of the breast. The "Lyttelton Times" Parliamentary correspondent writes :—" One result of the strike has been the passage of the WestportNgakawau Railway Bill at last. This Bill is to make a railway to develope the Mokihimri coal mine near Westport. The Labor Union are intensely anxious to get the Bill through, so as to enable Mokihinui to compete with the Westport coal mines, and break up the monopoly with which the Union Steamship Company is supposed to be connected. The Wellington papers point out that even strikes are not an uumixed evil when they break up coal monopolies. Mr John Aitken has been continuing his researches into the number of dust particles j m the air, and recently read a long paper on the subject before the Royal Society of Edinburgh. Swiss air he finds to be comparatively free from dust. So is Highland air : for example, some wild parts of Argyleshire, Scotland, have little more than 200 particles m the cubic centimetre of air. This is about the lowest he has yet observed. Paris has 210,000 to 160,000 particles per cubic centimetre. In all the fogs testea, the proportion of dust was found to be very high. Particles of dust serve as so many nuclei on which the moisture of the atmosphere can most readily condense into fog. Some experiments have been carried on a the Wisconsin Agricultural Station with the object, of determining the comparative effect of silage and dry corn fodder upon the butter produce of milch cows. Professor S. M. jiadock, m his report on the experiments, saya : —lt took, on an average, four minutes longer to churn Sylvia's cream when she was fed on the silage rations than it took to churn her cream while on fodder corn, and fifteen minutes more for Topsy'a cream under'the stipie conditions. This is a general experience with us ; we have always found that cream from cows on silage feed has required longer time for churning than has creams from dry fodder-led cows. Count yon. Moltke, m reply to an enquiry sis to whether he had made the statement attributed to him that beer was the greatest enemy of the Germans, has given the following reply :—" 1 can never have made such a statement. On the contrary, I wish a good cheap light beer for our people could be supplied. I myself abstain altogether from alcohol. Ido not consider it necessary or helpful, except, perhaps, after fatiguing work, when the principal thing is to revive one's strength at once. Certainly, one of the greatest enemies of Germany is the misuse of alcohol. A healthy man needs lio such stimulant, and to give it to children, which is often done, is absolutely wicked. I should like to see tea and coffee .and light boor cheaper than they are, and brandy a good deal dearer." The rep«rt for 1889 of the Secretary of Agriculture of the United States of North America includes the report of the pomologist, Mr H. E. Van Demau, who states that each year widens the range of the growth and consumption of fruits. The raising by the farmers and small landholders of fruit for home use is constantly on the increase, and interest m the work of the pomological division js steadily increasing. More than 10,000 specimens of fruits were received, sent either for identification or for study and comparison. As is the case here m Australia, says the "Leader," though perhaps not so fully recognised, the extreme variations of climate m the United States effect wonderful changes m varieties of fruits, and to study these changes, he remarks, i not only intensely interesting to the scientific promologist, but qf great value to the practical fruit grower. A Home contemporary says: —Some people may think that two millions sterling is a good price to pay for the globo assets of the Bank of New Zealand, but it may be pointed out that these assets stood m the books of the bank originally at £4,250,269. There can, however, be no question about the success of " The Bank of Mew Zealand Estates Company," with a capital of 75,000 6 per cent cumulative preference shares of £10 each and 125,000 ordinary shares of £10 each, which Messrs J. H. Schroder and Co. are now engaged m floating on this side, for, according to the revaluation of these assets, made by Mr D. Hean, they produced m the yeft.r ending March, 1890, the net income of £117,073—-a sun) considerably m excess of the amount required to pay the interest on the first issue of £1,500,000. We clip the following important testimonial from the Illawarra Mercury " (N. S. W.) of the 30th March. It needs no comment :— "Mr John Loveday, of the Bulli Mountain, writes tons that after suffering for four years with aoiitc gravel, he has experienced almost complete relief by using Sander and Sons' Euealyptie Extract. He saya :—" Seeing the said Extract advertised m the ' Illawarra Mercury,' his intense suffering induced him to obtain a bottle of the medicine from Mr Hosking, ch.cinist, of this town, and that the use of it gave him great relief at once. He states that between 10th March hist..', when lje obtained the first bottle of the extract,' and the ]9th, the use of that medicine continued to afford him relief, to which he had been a stranger for four years. Mr Loveday writes also that he has found the Eucalypti Extract i cure for rheumatism as well as gravel. He requests us to publish this information through the 'Mercury.' We have much pleasure m complying with Mr Loveday'a request, whose word cannot bo doubled, and who can have no object m view othei'"than a pure desire to benefit suffering humanity. "—(Advt.) 2

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LOCAL AND GENERAL, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2515, 11 September 1890

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LOCAL AND GENERAL Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2515, 11 September 1890

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