THE DAIRY INDUSTRY.
The report upon this industry just presented to the House by the Select Committee charged with the duty of making enquiry into its position and pospects is a really valuable document. The Committee has gone into the subject con amove, and conducted what may fairly be termed an exhaustive enquiry, the result being that it has collated a very large amount of information which cannot fail to be of great service. That the industry is a growing one, and likely at no distant date to assume the most important dimensions, will be seen when it is stated that, whereas the export of butter m 1880 amounted to 2717 cwt., of the value of .£8135, and of cheese to 717 cwt., of the value of £1983, the figures for 1884 were respectively, butter 15,766 cwt., value £66,593, •heese 10,342 cwt., value £25,074 ; for 1889, butter, 37,955 cwt., value £146,840, cheese 26,558 cwt., value £67105 ; while for the first six months only of the current year the figures were—butter 24021 cwt., value £83,799, cheese 26,663 cwt., value £57,642. The Committee therefore report that the industry is undergoing rapid development, and state that the expert evidence laid before them shows 1 that much of the butter and cheese produced m New Zealand is quite equal m . quality to that produced m any part of the world. They, however, go on to say that the \ export butter trade is m an unsatisfactory state, the cause being (a) that butter is frequently made m a faulty manner, and therefore will not keep long, even under favorable conditions ; (b) that butter m every way good Avlien originally made, is spoiled m transit through defective carrying and transhipping arrangements, or the use of unsuitable packages. For the improvement of the butter export trade they make several recommendations. The chief of these are that associations should be formed to study the best methodspractically, and compare notes, their funds to come from the Treasury m the shape of grants-in-aid ; that two experts (Danish if possible) should be engaged to give instructions. For the rest the Committee have gone very deeply into the subject, touching upon a variety of details, such as the use of separators, the lowering of freights, the provision of refrigerating cars, the establishment of cold storage at the ports of shipment, and the regular dispatcli of vessels. They, moreover, recommend experiments of packages, with the view of discovering the most suitable woods. As regards cheese, the report says :—"With respect to cheese, your Committee find that, while the quality of that produced by some factories is such as to command prices equal to best American, yet m many cases the quality is inferior, owing to faulty methods of manufacture, with, of course, correspondingly losv values. Whereas, as your Committee arc. ot! opinion that New Zealand presents all the conditions which should enable the colony to produce cheese equal not only to best American, but the best English Cheddar, Government, assisted by such associations as above referred to, should continue to give attention to fostering of this branch of the dairying industry, with a view to further improving the quality of manufacture." The recommendations are sound and sensible, and we hope that the Committee's report, with the evidence taken, will be issued by the Government m pamphlet form, and extensively circulated.
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THE DAIRY INDUSTRY., Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2513, 9 September 1890
THE DAIRY INDUSTRY. Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2513, 9 September 1890
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