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The Duke of Devonshire has spent £320,000 on railways m the south of Ireland. It is estimated that at least £100,000 has been expended m unsuccessful efforts to strike mineral oil springs m the Poverty Bay district. A Hungarian paper announces the death of a veteran of Waterloo, aged one hundred and five years, m his native village,Hatazeg, m Transylvania. Mr P. H. Cox, lately accountant of the Bank of Australasia, Invercargill, has been appointed Manager of the Bank at Ashburton, Mr J. Jamison, from Ashburton, going to Invercargill. It is said that ot the 5000 clubs and societies m New York nearly 4500 are distinctively German. The tendency of a German to form a society could not be more forcibly illustrated than by these figures. According to the returns for 1889, the total Catholic population m Scotland numbers 338,643—220,000 m Glasgow archdiocese —while there are 348 priests, 332 churches, chapels, and stations, and 31(i departments of day schools. Windmills have been utilised m Europe for producing the electric light. One has been m successful operation for some time at the northernmost lighthouse at Cape de la Hogue, where it drives two dynamos supplying accumulators. The Education department at St Petersburg lias just published statistics, according to which only 12 per cent, of the population of Russia can read and write. The number of primary schools is 38,000 for a population of 100,000,000. In China eight varieties of leprosy are recognised, and the disease is considered contagious, infections, and hereditary, but | m said to disappear m four generations. There are leper villages, to which all suffering from the disease are sent. At a public meeting held at the Thames on Tuesday night it was decided to form a branch there of the London Society for the Abolition of Compulsory Vaccination, and endeavour to obtain the co-operation of other anti-vaceinationists throughout New Zealand. 'The correctness of the statement cabled from %djjey to the New Zealand Press that the Urokeu Hill minors would contribute £10,000 per week was questioned, but it appears from the " Sydney Morning Herald" that.£lo,ooo was the correct amount, and not £1000, as supposed. The paper quoted says thft men had expressed their willingness to give Half their wages weekly. An interesting uvent took place on the Clyde the other day m th# bunching of a Japanese steel-plated war vosael. She is 300 feet m length, by 42 feet m breadth, and 24 ! feet m depth. Her tonnage is 2450 ; she has twin screws and three masts with military ] tops. She carries 27 guns and three torpedoes, and is manned by a crew of 300. Viscountess Ko.wase, a Japanese lady, christened 1 i))n (ship Chiyoda. 'llje flowing are the handicaps for the pigeon match, Ui come off m Messrs Hunt's puTldock on Thursday next:— Mr "Ley," two nominations, 28yds; Mjt Tl. J. Whittle, sen.. 28yds; Mr C. Williams, asfyijs ; Mr 'S, Hayes, 26yds ; Mr J. Hayes, 2<jyds ; Ha \\\ Hurcombe, 25yds ; Mr J. Thomson, <>3yds< ifr J- Q»iUie> 23y<i8; Mr R- JWhittle, jn«., 22yds; Mr J. Moftatt, 22yds; Mr M. Fried-Uuudt;*-, >22yds. Alen ffthy discussion -tonkplac* ill the House of ftepvesentativesj at Wellington, oji Saturday mi thu Australasian Federation question. Tlie speakers w* t:'apt Russell, and Messrs BalliMiw, J'H-yee, WwA Iffldgkinson, Taylor, Siiinideru Moss, Hobbs, Jketljam/faiwapgi, ;i nd .Sir George Uvey, '^^ ao ai ie debate was against New Zealand affiliating with the other colonies. The de)»ate was not concluded at a late hour ou Satni'da-y night, and was adjourned,

Messrs Friedlander Bros., of Ashburton, have an advertisement m another column for men to assist m loading a vessel at Lyttelton. A Avell-known lawyer was charged at Napier kst week with supplying liquor to an engine driver on duty, and was fined £15 and costs, and the driver £10 and costs. Meenister: "James, I grieve to say a sovereign is missing from the missionary box." John (strongly suspected): " Eh, sir, but ye dinua say so." The Meenister (impressively): "Jnines, you and I alone had access to that box." James: "Veryweel, sir, I'll pit a half-a-souvreign, and ye pit auithcr, and we'll say na mair aboob it." The local Justices of the Peace are no* finding their Magisterial duties very onerous just now. Since last Saturday only two cases have been heard, both first offendersone on Saturday morning and the other to-day—and m each instance there was no no fine, so that the town and district are at present exceptionally sober. There was a much better attendance at the Rink last evening then on Saturday. To-night being the closing night of the Rink season, will be the last opportunity of seeing Professor Manola m his wonderful exhibition of legerdemain and clever acrobatic perfonnanceß. During intervals m the performance and at its conclusion the Rink will be m full swing. An eminent physician says:—"The Best remedy for bleeding at the nose is a vigorous motion of the jaws, as if m the act of mastication. In the case of a child, a wad of paper should be placed m its mouth, and the child instructed to chew it hard. It is the motion of the jaws that stops the flow of blood. " This remedy "he says "is so extremely simple, that many will feel inclined to laugh at it; bnt it has never been known to fail, even m severe cases.' The usual weekly session of the Dawn of Peace Lodge was held m the Templar Hall on Thursday last. One candidate was initiated into the Order. The usual routine business having been transacted, the Lodge went into harmony, when Sister Leitch, Bros Pearson, Fowke, and Pollock contributed songs, and Sister Kerr, and Bros Marsden, jun., and Kilworth recitations. A feature of the evening was a selection of music by Bro Marsden, sen., on the flageolet. The Lodge was closed by Bro Rooke, .C.T., at 9.40 p.m. We are requested to remind our readers J of the clearing sale, to be held on Friday next, at WVsterfield. The sale is one of the largest that has been held m the district for j some years, and includes everything required on a well-ordered estate. The lots to be offered number 630, and catalogues will be obtainable from the Auctioneer (Mr D. Thomas) m the course of a day or two. Short particulars of the sale are given m an advertisement elsewhere. The sale commences at 10.30 a.m. on Friday, and a coach will leave Ashburton for Westerfield on the arrival of the early trains from Timaru and Chriatchurch. On the occasion of the distribution of I prizes to school children at Greennock, as the result of competition m recital of the poetry •f Burns, Professor Blackie, who is a great champion of Scotland, gave the opinion, derived from forty years' experience as an educationalist, that the people were m danger of losing their nationality. He believed that Edinburgh was the least Scottish of Scotch cities through been given to the worship of London fashions and London ways. He thought there was more real Scottisli feeling m ("ireenock, Paisley, and Glasgow. He could not too highly commend the action of the Greenock Burns' club m promoting such competitions, sincenothing could so well foster the national spirit as acquaintance Avith the writings of Burns and Scott, who had taught the world to respect Scotchmen. The Hokianga (Auckland) district was recently visited by a severe electric storm, which caused considerable damage to the telegraph lines and instruments. The telephone at Kohukohu was destroyed by lightning, and communication was completely interrupted between the head oitice at Rawena and other stations. Two large poles at the junction of the Omunaia and One rivers were shattered to atoms. The head of one, eight inches square, was shot off and carried to a distance of 100 yards. Another pole, 50 feet m height, was splintered into matchwood, and portions were carried 30 yards away. Numbers of other pole 3 were splintered and insulators broken. There was one long span about one-third of a mile, stretching from hill to hill, whore the line crosses the Omanaia river. The whole of the wire m this span was molted, and fell down m little pieces, varying from one to three inches m length. Messrs Mitchell and Turner have made a large addition to their premises m Tailored street. By five erection of a brick lean-to at the back they have been able to so rearrange the whole premises as to virtually incrtjuae their aecomoilation by about onehalf, making a convenient and handy shop out of what before was not ho, and to obtain a goo I light m every part of the building. The old iean-to has been thrown into the main building by the cutting of two wide and lofty archways m the back wall, thus greatly adding to the floor room of the main shop ; and by the removal to the back of the staircase to the upper rooms, the space formerly occupied by the staircase has been thrown into the main building. The rearrangement of the premises will save the staff man} a trying climb to the upper storey for goods more inimediatey m demand, but for which there was no storage place below, and customers will find advantage from the increased convenience. The removal of the staircase to the rear of the building has also materially added to the convenience of the upstairs arrangements, and the firm will now be able to store m the building a very much larger stock of goods. The Rev Mr Walker, of the New Zealand Alliance, speaking recently at his Good Templar Lodge upon the Government's Prohibition Bill at present before the House of Representatives, said :—"ln round numbers our New Zealand public debt amounts to thirty-seven and a quarter millions, and the annual intereat to one and a half millions. During the last twenty-five years our annual drink bill has averaged two and a half millions, or a million more annually than the interest on the public debt, or for the whole twenty-five years about sixty-two and a half millions. If the sixty-two and a half millions had been a sinking fund instead of a drinking f uud we could, without counting Interest, have spent our thirty-seven millions on government, public works, etc., and had a national credit, balance to-day of twenty-five millions, instead of a burdensome debt. Our public and private indebtedness combined reaches roundly ninety millions, and the annual interest four millions. Add to the direct cost of drink the cost of crime, pauperism, and diminished production which have resulted from it, and the interest which would have accrued from all that has thus been lost, and the public and private indebtedness together would have been more than cancelled by the country's savings if absolute prohibition had prevailed during the past twenty-five years. If it be said that the money which would have been thus saved would not have gone into the particular channels named, the fact remains that it would have increased the riches of the country m some way to the extent indicated, and have made this fair Jam! to-day the most 'prosperous aiul attractive under |the sun."

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LOCAL AND GENERAL, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2513, 9 September 1890

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LOCAL AND GENERAL Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2513, 9 September 1890

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