The Dairy Produce Industry.
(feY TELEGRAPH FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.) Wellington, September 5. The Local Industries Committee of the House have drawn up their report 011 tho dairy produce industry. In it they call attention to the increase m the export of this class of produce during the last ten years, showing that the total for the half year ended 30th June was 30,021 cwt of butter, valued at £83,799, and 26,663 cwt cheese valued at £57,042, being more than the quantity exported m any whole year prior to 1888. They conclude that much of the butter and cheese now made m New Zealand is quite equal to that produced m any part of the world. As the eyport butter trade is m an unsatisfactory condition, the committee recommend the Government to at once engage at least two experts, preferably from Denmark, and strongly urge the establishment of Dairymen's Associations for the mutual instruction of members. Such Associations could confer with the Government, j and with professional experts, and could hold periodical conferences for the advancement of the industry, their funds being supplemented by grante-in-aid from the Consolidated Revenue. Meanwhile the committee cannot too strongly urge the establishment of dairy factories, and the use of separators, or where that is not practicable, the early separation of the cream by immersing the milk m cold water on the "cooley" or schwartz methods. The Committee recommend the shipment of butter as soon as possible after making, taking care to keep it out. of the sun, and m a low temperature; the reduction of railway freight to the lowest level; the use of refrigerating cars on the line, or if that be impracticable, special cars ; so as to keep them as cool as possible, the running of night trains, where it is found advisable; th» provision of cool storage at the port of shipment; and the regular despatch of vessels. As to packages, the evidence shows that the 601 b kegs are preferred m the English market, and totara is the best of New Zealand wood for the purpose, though some Australian shippers prefer Pond's boxes. Experiments should be made on this question of packages and woods, and also as to the keeping quality of frozen butter. The Committee think that, to be effective, the grading should be carried out m London by a qualified Inspector, appointed by the Agent-General, but they cannot recommend that course. The market m England is practically unlimited, and European countries have nearly reached their limit of production. The attention of English buyers is thus being specially directed to New Zealand as an available source of supply. Our fertile soil and genial climate entitle the colony to take a high rank among the dairy countries of the world. With respect to cheese, the Committee have no recommendation to make, as the quality of the article produced at the principal factories leaves little or nothing to be desired, and the export trade, generally speaking, is on a satisfactory footing.
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The Dairy Produce Industry., Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2511, 6 September 1890
The Dairy Produce Industry. Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2511, 6 September 1890
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