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The wool clip m the United States for 1880 was 202,000,000 pound?. In Chicago the Irish saloon-keepers are boycotting the breweries controlled by English syndicates. Seven out of every eight loav*H of bread eaten m London are made from foreign wheat. Out of 0,740,928 children m "'the Japanese Empire, 2,800,000 are enrolled m the public schools. Leander McCormick, the millionaire manu facturer of reapers and mowers, his retired from business. He is quite an old man. The Scotch brain is said to average iifty ounces, the English forty-nine, the Hei'man forty eight, and the French forty-saven. Sir James Hector estimates that there is m the nineteen coalfields m New Zealand a store of 444 millioii tons of coal. An electric brake has been devised m England by means of which a train going at the rate of thirty miles an hour can be brought to a standstill m a space of 200tt. The Public Petitions Committee declined to recommend Parliament to grant the prayer of petitioners that certain bequests to church trustees may be exempt from property tax. Bishop Sslwyu, son of the first Bishop of New Zealand, w ho was afterwards translated to Lichfield, has with his wife given £3000 towards the purchase of a large mission ship for work m the .Smith ,Sea Islands, The Representation Act Amendment Bill received the assent of the Governor on Monday ,and notice has been usnt out to all the Registrars to have tiie rolls ready thirty days ! h&noc. ' Tins French Post Office Department is examining a m^w" and original system for distributing paper* through the mails. Every publication is to p»-'jyjde the central post oflioo with the list of its Members with- ! out wrappers or printed address. At ten years of age a boy thinks his father : knows a great deal j at fifteen lie knows as much as his father; at twenty he knows twice £ws much ; at thirty he is willing to take hie advice; at forty he begins to £hmk his father knows something, after alls, a£ fifty he begins to seek his advice, and at sixty, after his father is dead, he thinks he was the smartest inau that ever lived, ! A paper presented to Parliament show that 9056 lbs of ground olive stones were imported into the colony, so far m 185 X). Of that quantity 4(5S(> lbs were destroyed m l)ond as not worth the duty imposed m May last. This leaves 4400 lbs -nearly two tons, goiitt into consumption as "pepper," for that was f,bf> purpose for which the ground olive stones wjor^< nnported. American Notes and Qijpj-ies, being asked i Uy ft correspondent why the i^iifft four is i>iiu-sf/«l HII.j and not IV., on"tbe di&io of watC'tt*, jftftswers: "The story runs''that the first clock t^ninbling our own was made m 1370 for the ,CQtt<"4k)rt Charles V., King of France. When Henry yjr;k brought it to him he said that the' njark f i^'Jock by IV. was a mistake, 0n being told by tly? maker that he was wmW, }.ie th,imd,ered out, 'I am never wrong. Tajo; it away and correct the mistake/ From £h#* ittme to this as a tradition, clock and wa^elpjak^ liave invariably used 1111. irsfitoul of tY. ou SlfO dial." For vftftfairies past the town of Artona, formerly 'ko*.vi)/n as Montefortino, m the Roman Cauipvgana, l^s been a nest of brigands, mi \ go far back aa tihe^.^v .l/)o7, Pope Paul fji« #Jl signed a for i^ ,'lftwolition of i\& pW Ml<l the expatriation,pi .tj^j^i^bi■ta/nts. 'Init it Wik? never carried into exe(jutif*H, j "Recently, ho^eve*;, ,the Italian Government; %ak acted so vigoro.n«iy (that no fewer than fl';hjrty,-t.hree of these robbers ami assassins 'have fo<mi captured, and are awaii>:#£ their Ui'4, \Sowkfc' ida.l ,may be formed qt number of qiuines imputed to them from the fact that ii\f A^o^fsm^y^H .m a yo»»mP of 100 pages,

Mails per Waihora, close at Bluff at 1 a.m. on Tuesday, 9th hist. Mr E. Kempthorne, successor to Mr R. W . Jenkins, manager of the local branch of the Bank of New South Wales, arrived m Ashburton to-day. At the Wellington Supreme Court to-day Anthony Johnson was sentenced to two yearn for larceny; Albert Norman, robbery of jewellery at Palmerston North, two years; W. Montague and Martin Burns, breaking and entering, two years. In the case of Kdward John Robinson, embezzlement at the Customs, the jury were unable to agree, after being locked up all night, and prisoner was remanded till next sessions. The Trade Protection business carried on throughout the colony by the Mutual Creditors' Association and Wheeler awl Company, Dunedin, together with the Trade Protection and Mercantile and Bankrupty Gazettes, have been acquired by a new company, whose headquarters will be m Christchurch. A "Gazette" will be bublisheel there after the beginning of next month. Practically the two business have been amalgamated. 1 The following are extracts from a letter as to potatoes sent to England:—" According to promise I write to give you my opinion of the potatoes you brought over m the Duke of Westminster from New Zealan-.1. I must say if they are equal fin quality to the ones I ate about a fortnight ago that there is no doubt about their meeting with a ready sale. The only question is could they be delivered" here at a low enough price to compete with our home produce ; this I am rather doubtful about, unless very favorable terms could be arranged with the shipowners. There is no doubt that they could be preserved m a thoroughly satisfactory condition throughout the voyage." Licensing laws are older than most people are aware of. In 1495 (so writes Dr Cox, m the "Fortnightly") (11 Henry VII, c. 2), "forasmuch as the kynge's^ grace most entierly desyreth among aljerthly thyngea the prosperitye and restfulness of this his lande and his subjects of the same to live quietly and suerly to the pleasure of God, and accordinge to his laws," it was enacted, in*er alia, that "yt be lawful to ij of the justices of the peace within theyr auctority to reject and put away common ale sellying m townes and places where they shall thynk convenient, and to take surety of the kepers of ale houses, of theyr good behavinge by the discrecion of the sayd justices, and m the same to be advised and agreed at any time of theyr sessions." At the inquiry into the sanitary condition of Dunedin Hospital, the medical witnesses have been giving evidence strongly condemning the building as generally unsuitable for an hospital, m its construction, defective ventilation and lighting, and the roughness of the walls, ceiling and floors, which are calculated to nurse germs of fevers and septic diseases. One of the witnesses said the authorities were agreed that from twelve to fourteen years was a proper lifetime for a hospital, but some recommended that a hospital should not be built as a solid structure, but only as a temporary concern, which could be swept away after a few years. The condition of the hospital is such that another danger " hospitalism" is added to severe surgical cases. A Berlin despatch says : In medical circles m this city it is thought that the most important discovery made m the medical profession since Prof. Koch discovered the bacillus of consumption has now come to light. Prof. Fraenkel, one of Koch's assistants, and Professor Brieger have isolated and found the long searched for cause of diphtheria. Toxalbumen is the name given to the new "germ," and it is described as a snow-white granular body, allied to albumen. When injected into an animal's sore throat (on the white membrane noticeable m such cases, for instance), a high fever soon develops and death ensues. The distinguished professors referred to claim that after such an experiment the exact symptoms of diphtheria can be readily noted. Toxalbumen is said to be the excretion of a bacillus of diphtheria, and it is obtained by 'filtering liquids containing the Litter's pure culture"though argillaceous earth. "Johnnie," said a prominent mine operator to his youngest the other day, "I'll give you a dollar, if you'll dig up the front yard all ready for your sister's new garden." "All right," said Johnnie, thoughtfully; " but I shall have to ask for 25 per cent, of j the coutract price m advance. Not as an evidence of good faith, but for working ! capital." "Work—what do you mean?" "Well, you see, I gues3 I'll just bury the quarter some where, and tell all the boys m the neighbourhood that a pirate hid some treasure round there. When they strike that quarter, they'll make the dirt fly, I can tell you. In that way I can clean up 75 per cent. In fact I " " Well, what ?" "In fact, I don't know but what I can also arrange so as to find that quarter myself. I'll work it just like that salted mine you were telling mamma about unloading on the street last night." And the father wept tears of joy when he thought what a cold day it would be for Jay Gould and Rufus when his boy grew up. At a meeting of the South Canterbury Board of Education yesterday, the chairman stated that information had just come to hand that Mr Edge, of Hunter, was ill, and the school had to be closed until a k'/« tenem was appointed. It was resolved that the case of the Maori children at Temuka be submitted to the department, with the recommendation that something might be done by the Native school section. The Board appointed Mr Wake as head master to the Timaru main school, and Mr Glanville to Bellield school. Mr Blake was appointed as second master to the Timaru main school until after the annual examination. A long discussion took place on a communication from Waimate re and Tombs, school books. It was resolved —"That the Committee be reminded that the books for use m the public schools must be selected from those procured by the department, and that any interference with the school requisites is likely to be extremely prejudicial to the. progress of the pupils, a result which doubtless will become j Bufficiently apparent at the annual examinations." A meeting of the People's Political Association was held on Thursday evening m the Christchurch Trades flail, and was fairly well attended, Mr K. Sandford taking the chair. A basis and platform were warmly discussed and passed as follows ': — The objects of the Association shall be:—To promote the enrolment of voters ; to purge the rolls ; to assist m securing the return of members to the House of Representatives pledged to support the platform of the Association. Membership : — All pesons willing to pledge themselves to the platform of the Afsrfat'oli, shall be eligib!* for membership, subject, m all cases to approval by the Committee. The platform decided upon was as follows :—The Immediate stoppage of £he sale of Crown lands, and cancellation of (existing provisions for conversion of perpetual lease holdings into freeholds ; legislation giving the #tate power to compulsory resume the possession of freeholds at a fair valuation, for settlement and subdivision j seamen's representation ; legislation for eight hours as a day's work; special tax on absentee landlords; uniform school books for the colony, published by Government; radical reform m the management of the railways of the colony ; securing the rights tt abo'r ; and to put progressive taxation on land held for speculative purposes. The meeting then adjourned to that day week to consider a code of working rules. T))o. best medicine known is SANDER an SGftffV teUjCALYPTI EXTRACT. Test its eminent powerful effects m coughs, colds, influenza, etc.—-the' relief is instantaneous. Thousands give the most gratifying testimony. His Majesty the King of Italy, and ikcdjcal syndicates all over the globe are its patrons, Iwi'-d the official reports that accompany each bottle Mosier, M.D., Professor University, Griefswalii, J^portß : ~ l:he jfjuoalypti Extract pr.9v.eil m'agniticwftfy Icessful m very severe contusiows, tyuisoH, kyvmg, w/dujulb, searings, bjroken ribs, and ifjjrb's." {'•' iNCedfcal Journal," Nov., 1881. lv diseases of %iui kidneys, either active conwestion or suppression, (xi^n'm) or albumi, nuria, dropsy, litlmrgy, noW.tng wj,l fMivti m its action Eucalypti Extract. Dcfae*, five to six drops, Mosler, M.D., Professor fcfnjW-sity, Griefswald, reports :—Diphthe, Ha. 'Ton&s^ <OT>tinually coherent presenting ulcers with wiiite exud?^. Cured m four, teen days. Surgical Clinic 01 jfcrr,/ M'lntyrc, College of Physicians and tfuTj»eon«, : Louis—Scirrhus of Breast—Excision kucayW Extract employed. No swelling, heat, or discbloratooy. (Wed m fburreeu days. , • !":/" " " *

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LOCAL AND GENERAL., Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2510, 5 September 1890

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LOCAL AND GENERAL. Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2510, 5 September 1890

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