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Railway arrangements m connection with the Geraldiue Races to be held afc Orari on 9th September are advertised m this issue. The Tekapo leaves Lyttelton for Sydney direct at 9.30 a.m. to-morrow (Friday) Mails close at A shburton at 6.20 p.m. to-day, per express train. " The Wellington Press " say 3 :—Switzerland may fairly claim to have established the most democratic insfc^ntions m the world, and appears to have approached verj nearly to the solution of the problem of how to combine an efficient executive with democratic institutions. Fred Hedge, the well-known steeplechase ruler who rode Clarence to victory m _>!ie New Zealand Grand National Stejsp'eclia* of 1882, Ims come m for a nice little fortune of £11,300 by the death of an uuc.e m the Old Country. Lady Anne Blunt, Lord Byron's granddaughter", her husband, and their daughter are living oil the borders of the desert m Egypt, about six miles from Cairo. They Have adopted the Arab dress, with the primitive maion)!} of that race, and live a life of simplicity, A novel eontr_vanr«, wlijch is claimed to give impoved tractive power, is reported from Chicago. The machine, which is about fifty feet long and abouit fifteen tons m weight, runs on a track whiefr. it lays for itself and which consists of a bait of steel plates or laths, four and a half feet long, en* closing four large cog wheels, which play into the sockets of the plates and urge the machine forward. It is araiiaibte for agricultural and other purposes, and thfi inventor declares that with it he can plough one hundred acres per day, In ground too soft for a horse to walk on, at a nominal cost.

Parliament was expected to be prorogued next week, but strong efforts are being put forward to have the sitting extended until the present labor difficulty is disposed of. Mails for Australian Colonies, United Kingdom, and Continent of Europe, via Melbourne, per Waihora, close at the Bluff at 9 a.m. on Saturday 6thinst. —due London 21st October. Mr E. J. Paul and Hugo Friedlander, were the only gentlemen nominated to-day for the vacancies on the Borough Council, and were therefore declared duly elected. There is still one vacancy to fill. Mr W. G. Grace largely attributes his success m the cricket-field to the temperate habits of his family. He ia also a nonsmoker, being of opinion that smoking has more to do with small cricket snores than even moderate drinking. New Zealand is to have a distinguished visitor shortly m the person of the Czarewitch, who was to have set forth on August Ist, on a lengthy tour of Australia, New Zealand, Japan, China, and the United States. Out of ten persons charged afc the Auckland Police Court recently, eight were women and girls. One of the latter, it was stated, was seventeen years of age, had first come before the Court when she was fourteen, and had been convicted nineteen times. She was sentenced to nine months' hard labour. j: Suitor (to my father): *' Sir, I love the very ground your daughter treads on." Father (grieuly): "Well, young man, you ain't the first party that's had an attachment for it; howsumever, if you love it well enough to come and help to pay up the mortgage on it, like Jacob did, you can marry Sarah." Mr I. S. Simson informs "the Southland Times " that he has instructed his solicitor to take action against his late partner, Mr Elsworth, and " a large financial institution," for £10,000 damages for conspiracy and malicious prosecution m connection with the recent charge of embezzlement laid against him at Gore and dismissed by Mr Bevell, R.M. Says Professor Huxley:—The speed of railroad trains is restricted within three theoretical limits : First, a physical limit of 80 miles an hour, beyond which it is found impossible for a train to hold the track; second, an operating limit of 60 miles an hour, which practical experience has found that trains cannot run without much danger to life ; third, a commercial limit of thirty mileaper hour, at which, all things considered, it is found most economical to 4 run a train. The " Patea Mail "says Mr C. Finnerty has obtained from Government the contract j for the survey of the Mangarere Block, consisting of some 10,000 acres. This block lies just between, and adjoins, the Huiakama and Pohukura Blocks, thus making a continuous block of thirteen miles of country. The latter blocks have just been sold, and are now being thrown open and settled through the agency of Mr W. Cowern, of Patea, Mr Finnerty having surveyed them. A recent visitor to New Zealand says he was so struck with the capabilities of the colony for making butter for export to Melbourne, that he has written through the " Herald " at New Plymouth for information for a firm who are desirous of extending their operations to New Zealand. On conditions, they are willing to establish butter factories, buy the milk, and return the skim to farmers. They are prepared to go into the enterprise on an extensive scale. The municipal rulers of provincial France are beginning to agitate for payment of members. At present they are modest m their demands. They ask for £10 a year for the mayor, the same salary for his adjunct, and £(i per annum for each of the councillors. But as there are 30,000 communes m that country enjoying local government, and each of these wants an allowance of £80 a year from the public treasury, such a concession would involve an addition of £2,880,000 to the already enormous burdens of taxation imposed upon the French people. The New Zealand Loan and Mercantile Agency Company, Limited, have received the followng cable message, dated London, 2nd September, 1890 :—" Wheat—Harvest prospects uncertain ; market quieter. The cpop here is estimated to yield 8,500,000 quarters. The American crop is estimated to yield 51,000,000 quarters, 7,000,000 available for export. New Zealand wheat, lcngberried, is worth 3Ss per 4i)Blbs. Other quotations unchanged, Mr Morrison, of the Mosgicl Woollen Factory, gives an amusing instanua, says the " Auckland Herald," of the eccentricities of Custom experts, and the feeling with regard to New Zealand manufactures m Victorian circles. A quantity of woollen dress stuffs were sent over by the Mosgiel Company to Victoria, similar dress stuff's being admitted free, while woollen dress tweeds are subject to J)o'per cent. duty. The experts were told the goods were from New Zealand, and they carefully examined them, coming to the deoision that they Mere ijofc woollen dress stuffs, and therefore liable to duty. This decision was sustained by the Customs authorities, A sooond consignment of the same goods wore sent, but nothing said as to the country from which they came ; and on being examined by the "experts," they were held to be free from duty ! The agent of the Company appealed, and stated the facts of the case. The Customs authorities felt the absurdity of the opposing decisions, and "the woollen dress stuffs" of the Company are now admitted free. ■ The "Tuapeka Times" reports that David Armstrong, a shepherd on Ormaglade station, Millar's Flat, had a rather trying experience. While out m the back country after sheep, he dismounted from his horse to examine a gully, when he slipped and rolled to the bottom, breaking his leg just below the knee. As he did not return that evening, Mr McDonald, the manager, set out m search $}$ next morning, and guided by the barking of the shepherd's dogs, he discovered Armstrong lying at tne bottom of the gully, helpless, and almost uncqnscious frqiij long exposure; but still attended by his; faithful dogs. Indeed, had it not been for the fidelity with which his dogs stood by hj.m, and the distressful signajs. the sent up put of the lonely gully, the chances are, the unfortunate mail woidd have succumbed to exhaustion before his whereabouts wore discovi&eed, The wonder is that lie was found alive. af'tSF lying helpless, without even his coat on, fop twenfcy-fou}l hours at the bottom of a wet gully, m weather almost cold enough to freeze one's blood. Armstrong is at present m the Lawrence Hospital. At the Duuedin City Court on Tuesday' William Reid Kay, for stone throwing at the wj;arf on Monday, was fined £3, or four days. (^_ a sec<yi»d pharge of obstructing a constable he was fined £5, or aeyen days. The bench sail disturbances of £ln's kii*d must be put dqwn with a strong hand, and if it were not for accused's good character the maximum fine would have been imposed. John King, for disorderly bchavLoiu' af the Town Hall while the special constables were being svyorn m, was fined £3, or three days.. James Johnston fop obstructing Inspector Moore, £5, or seven d&ys. James Webb, for disorderly behaviour, £'.i, or fmji' days, avjd for damaging a constable's uniform he was fined £3, and ordered to pay £2 Is (id, or seven days. Mr Carew said he would like it to be understood that for resisting the police the magistrates could sentence to three months' imprisonment without the option of a fine, pr take it as an indictable offence and commit iof U'tyl, The savings bank robbers were conimitt.ed for triaj f

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LOCAL AND GENERAL, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2509, 4 September 1890

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LOCAL AND GENERAL Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2509, 4 September 1890

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