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Labor Questions

[PER PRESS' ASSOCIATION-.] London, Sept. 2. John Burns, speaking to his motion at the Liverpool Trades Congress, said that the Australian strike was most important to the dockers from the fact that the right of combination was at stake. Tom Mann seconded the resolution, which was carried amidst great cheering. The Seamen's Union is remitting £1000 m aid of the strikers m Australia. Enthusiasm m the cause of the Australian strikers is growing m Great Britain, and greater interest is being evinced as to the ultimate result. The shipowners' meeting is adjourned to Tuesday, awaiting the arrival of delegates from other ports. The probable result of the conference will be the determination to generally organise a combination against the Unions. ! The stevedores are sending between £1000 and £2000 to Australia. The dockers yesterday began levying 3d per day. Mr Matkin, who was chosen.. President of the Trades' Congress at Liverpool, m his opening address advocated legislation m favor of eight Hours as a day's labor, land nationalisation of mines, and using of Union fuuds for employment of members m certain trades. The Trades' Union delegates ijhave appointed a Committee to collect funds m aid of Australia. The engineers, laborers, painters, gas stokers, railway men, seamen, firemen, : compositors, and others, ■ are represented on the Committee. TiHet announced that every trade had joined m subscribing, and they were determined to Send at least £40,Q00 to the .colonies. The dockers alone would send between £15,000 and £20,000. Every docker has agreed to give 3d weekly, while some were contributing 2s 6d. A manifesto has been issued appealing to all Unions to collect moneys for Australia. / ■,: ■•' / ■' The Executives of the Union meet thrice weekly to deal with subscriptions. ■ • '■ '■ ,-5;;.;.|:'; Five mass meetings have been arranged m London at which collections will be made on behalf of the colonials. Mr Montague Williams, police magistrate at Greenwich, has passed sentence of six months' imprisonment with hard labor on several stevedores who were charged with menacing dockers. The Shipowners' Association propose a federation of the trade of the British Empire m dealing with the labor question m all parts of the world, to resist the tyrannous demands of Unions, and the protection of crews and servants against intimidation. ' It is also proposed to indemnify members who make sacrifices, and to promote legislation m that direction The Association "will also encourage the opening of a nonunion register. A Central Council is to be established m London , with a Committee m various shipping centres. Mr Lane Devitt, of the Orient Steam Navigation Company, presided, and Mr J. A. Lewes, of Newcastle, was appointed manager of the Organising Committee, which has arranged to sit daily. The representatives of five million tons have approved the decision arrivedat to-day, and other owners have yet to be consulted. The Association carried a resolution pledging members to support the Australian Assembly by all means at their disposal. One hundred million pounds of capital was represented at the meeting. Members said they had no desire to force a fight, but the Unions must keep to the legitimate object for which they "were established. ' Sydney, Sept. 3. The Trade and Labor Council to-day received the first instalment of the London dockers' contribution amounting to £500. A serious disturbance occured m Lower George street to-night. A number of non-union laborers . were surrounded by 3000 men on strike and others when bricks were freely thrown. A force of twenty-five police were quickly on the spot, but so determined was the resistance offered by tha Unionists that the police, for the first time since the strike began, freely used their batons. This step* however, h"ad little effect on the mob until further reinforcements of police arrived, when the crowd were beaten off and the nonunion laborers wer.3 rescued. The latter were taken to the police station, which was guarded by 100. police constables, Large crowds hung about the station waiting the reappearance of the men, but as there was no sign of them coining out again to-night the mob gradually dispersed. Government have to-night enrolled a large force of special constables, Melbourne, September 3. The crew of the Union Company's Monowai have resumed duty, the Company agreeing to take them back if they obeyed orders. It is expected, however, they will again leave the ship when she reaches New Zealand; Brisbane, September 3. The Marine. Officers' Association held a meeting to-day, b,ut nothing official is allowed feo transpire, There is reason to believe that the result is favorable to the Companies, somewhat on the following lines :—The employers are to recognise the Officers' Association, the officers to resume as before. The question of the latter federating with the maritime bodies to. *«main*in abeyance on %}\§ understanding tha,t no officer shall be punished for his share m the present strike.

Ohristchurch, September S. : At the meeting of the kytfcelton Harbor Board tp«d:ay the following notice of motion was given by Mr G. W. Turner, "That the Harbor Improvement Committee be requested to report as to the powers of the Board; m connection with the empj[a|:.me<n,»j of- labor ojathe wharves afe Ijjytte],tQn, to report to the meeting of the Board whijch is to, be he] 4 thvfv'rlay fortiiight,"; ' ■' ', ' "■ • ""' j A }wgsi a,n^ eMfehuskstrc meefcitis; of ipaHway men to-night passed a Resolution regretting that the Commissioners are forcing men into.taking steps which may probably end m a general strike by taking platelayers and others from ordinary work and coercing them into doinf wharf laborers' work. The meeting expressed unqualified approval and adiniraty>ii of the manner m which tlia men on strike here and at VVesfeport responded to the call of Executive, and pledged itself to to a, man if called upon,

either to assist m terminating the present struggle or to force the reinstatement of the men now out. Several speakers expressed a desire that the struggle might be settled by arbitration. Messrs W. Recce, President of the Chamber of Commerce, Hon. J. T* Peacock, P. Cunningham, A. ,C. Fergus : son, John Anderson, senior and junior, and W. Marshman have wired the Railway Commissioners requesting the reinstatement of platelayers, etc., dismissed here. The railway men's meeting passed j them a vote of thanks for the action. It is improbable there will be a general strike just yet. The " Christchurch Press" says :—"A disgraceful outrage took place last night on vhe occasion of the return from Lyttelof a number of farmers who had been working there. Coming down the Belt from the railway station to the corner of Madras street they were followed by a band of larrilcins, which gained m numbers as they came down the street till it numbered between 200 and 300. They commenced throwing mud, stones, and potatoes, and other things at the men, calling out "Scab," "Blackleg," &c. Several of the men had their swags interfered with, and they were.. generally mauled about. Passing down the street, windows m the Kaiapoi Factory were broken by stones thrown by the 'trio*, who followed the men round to the Temperance Hotel for the purpose of -preventing them getting m. Here they called out, "Rush them," &c. There only appeared to be one policeman* and he was utterly powerless to stop the outrage. Two windows were smashed m the Temperance Hotel, and the proprietor had to telephone for the police to disperse the mob of larrikins which had congregated. Such an outrage aa this cannot be allowed to be repeated. Steps must be taken to guard peacefulcitizens m the pursuit of their ordinary avocations. If the ordinary police force is not sufficient to prevent such disgraceful proceedings, then it will be imperatively necessary that special constables should be sworn m, and the means provided for arresting those guilty of such wicked corir duct, and bringing them up for exemplary punishment. Everything m the town of Lyttelton was very quiet last night. The labor party have their pickets out to maintain order, and their watches set. for the night. The steamer Wanaka, from Wellington, got alongside the wh*rf at 1.30 p.m., and her lines were thrown ashore, but none of the men would take them, and it was sometime before the passengers got on the wharf. The stern line was hove ashore, but it fell off the wharf again, and Captain Meades shouted out, "You mean, dirty dogs ! " evidently supposing that some of the men ashore had thrown the line off. The vessel's bow was then hove m, and Captain Meades himself came ashore and . took the lines out astern. When the vessel came alongside her, purser was at the wheel, while Captain Nordstrum, of the Grafton, was forward •with two men, and a passenger was assisting the purser of one of the other boats laid up m Wellington to get the stern lines out; the psssen-, ger was a certificated officer. The Wanaka is -manned by non-unionist cooks and stewards and also 'firemen. After she got alongside a crowd 'of people were crushing on the wharf. Some boys ■werethrowing potatoes at each other, and one of them fell :on the steamer's deck, close to Captain Meades, who evidently thought it had been thrown at him.- ' He lost his temper, and shouted out some threat to the effect that he would put a "bullet into someone. This enraged the men, and for -a moment the chances looked ten to one that a serious row would result. Inspector Ponder went on board, and when the matter was explained 'things quieted down considerably, and the labor pickets cleared the wharf.-— ."Lyttelton Times." i' Auckland, September 3. It is stated that the Onehuntja Ironworks are suffering from want of coal. , The Woirarapa is loading for Sydney : to-day with non-union labor. ■ The Arawata's crew and officers came I out to-day and will nut be replaced just iyefc as she is to be anchored m the .stream to be used as a boarding house for nonunionists. . The Trades and Labor Council have decided to establish a strike fund. • They have received numerous offers of assist-. anco. The proprietor of a fishing station at Rakino Island has offered its use with ■all appliances to fhe Traues Unions for the benefit of the strikers. The number of trips of the Northcote Ferry Company's steamers is to be reduced because of the limited supply of .coal. Coutts and Mefccalfe, extensive flax-millers-at Hamilton, have resolved to close their mills owing to the strike at Huntley mines. The Auckland Gas Employees' Union have resolved to strike a levy m aid of .the strikers of one 1 day's pay for the fir^t week, and half a day's pay per week;' witil the trouble terminates, DuNKptTf, September 3. The Mosgiej^ Woollen Factory works only two-thirds time. Everything is quiet on the wharves this afternoon. The labor party are drawing the boycott more tigh% round the Company. Their meat contractors have been ordered not to supply them, as have the coal colliers and millers, Mr Justice Williams, Sir Robert Stout, and the Mayor (Mr John Roberts), who are acting as a Conciliation Committee, | have received communications from both j the Union Company and the Maritime Council, The nature of these they decline to divulge, _ Wellington, September 3 The boilor-makers have decided not to work for the Union Company until the difficulty is over. The Union Company worked the Waihora with non-union .labor, and the steamer sailed South at five o'cjook m the afternoon. The weather to-day was very cold and wet, and consequently the, wharf was almost deserted. Accessions to the Masters' Association continue to come m, and more, are ex pected during the day. The Premier conferred with the Hon. G. McLean last evening as to mediation, m connection with the" strike. The. "Christchurch Press" correspondent understands Mr McLean stated, that,, ass the Company had no cju^n 1©!, there was nothing to mediate on, and added that it was net rouch use talking about mediation while the Unionists were endeavoring to cut off supplies of meat and bread^fjpT the steamers. He also stated that the Company must stick to those, men who had come to their, assistance m the present •risijs, so long as their vbehavioui warranted; their employment. ! The Cabinet, having considered the request of the deputation that waited on the Premier on Moiijkj^ urging Government interference m the labor dispute, have decided not to take any action: m the direction of- mediation, b,ut remain per- ; fectly neutral. This afternoon the Railway Commws^c^veoeived the following telegram from, Mv Edwards, secretary of° the Railway Servants' Executive at Christchurch :- " Maritime Council instructs us toadvise that if you persist m forcing the railway men to work for the Union Company, we must be composedl to block everything " To thjte yie,,Co«imissiorie*a replied: "Ra^vtray employees are not called ox; k> do work for the Union Company.; They have to perform, work for the Railway Commissiittiers as pnblic servants, m accordance, with the rutes and regulations under>which.they axe eiwasied ;«nd which they bind themselves (o 'observe^ The,. Railway ConmiissiomnV

cannot refuse to handle and convey any hoods which are profferred m the way of ordinary railway business, and all their employees must be prepared to assist m ■itiy W3Y necessary, as is specially provided hy bin-rules, and as has hitherto been the practice." Ac. a meeting of the newly-formed Shipmasters' Association this afternoon. twenty-five members were present. It was announced that there are forty-two active and twelve honorary members. All the captains (outside of the Union Company) m Wellington have joined. The committee •£ management is composed of fonr mates and four captains. , The storemen. m the employ of a city merchant to-l'y refnsed to handle goods for shipment by the Union Company*. steamer, and was therefore dismissed. The Storemen's Union has therefore called out its members. The majority,; obeyed, but at Levin and Oo.'s only two' put of seven accepted the mandate., The Union Company's storemen also refused to come out. ■ - ■•, , Captain Highman, and Messrs D. P. Fisher, Myers, and Scott will have & private interview with the Premier thisevening to discuss the question. The Union Company worked the* Waihora with non-Union labor, and the* steamer sailed south at 5 o'clock m the afternoon. ■ ' The Gear Company having demanded arbitration, the Butchers' Union, though riot seeing anything to arbitrate about, ; have decided to comply. A meeting is to' beheld to-morrow to consider the position, meantime nothing is to be done. A. proposal has been made that anyone de-, siring to join the Union shall be allowed to do so on giving acknowledgment that he will pay the entrance fee at some future time. > Mr A. H. Miles has chartered the brigantine Clansman to run m the Island. trade along with the schooner Awarua. * An interview took place this afternoon between Sir G. Grey, and Messrs Fish and Joyce, and several labor representatives, including Captain Highman, Secretary of the Marine Ofhcers, and Mr R. Seymour, Secretary of the Wharf ; - Laborers' Union, m reference' to ..the*,, proposal that Parliament should not, be prorogued while the labor difficulty is unsettled, lest Parliamentary action iv some form should be called for. It is stated that the proposal was generally approved, and it was left to the three members to adopt snch action as they consider necessary. ' A meeting, of those officers who recently left the Union Company's steamers and have, 1 joined the Shipmasters' Association was held this afternoon. Captain Highman, Secretary of the Maritime Officers' Association, states that the officers were of opinion that all were m honor bound to standby their brother officers and the Maritime Council, and that a resolution was passed to, the. effect that none of the officers should re-enter the service of tho Union Company until the present difficulty was settled; Captain Highman also states that all the Union Company's. officers at Lyttelton and Dunedin, m order to show their. fidelity, have .forwarded 'their certificates to Sir Robert Stout, Dunedin. r , : diSBORNE, September 3. ; A largely attended meeting s ofc;.;e4n? ployers was,.held this afternoon. The; principal^upholders and chief business; Mien were present. Resolutions ;were junaniniously carried '' That- the malting Iviews. with regret the present labor strikes, and resolvss that those present* hind themselves to take whatever steps jmay be considered necessary to conserve. the perfect freedom of both employers 1. and employees." A strong committees was formed to give effect to the resolution. . ,

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Permanent link to this item

https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/AG18900904.2.16

Bibliographic details

Labor Questions, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2509, 4 September 1890

Word Count
2,716

Labor Questions Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2509, 4 September 1890

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