Gardening Notes for September.
Messrs J. Scaly and Co., seedmen, forwardus the following gardening notes for September:— VEGETABLE GARDEN. September is perhaps the busiest month of the horticultural year, as the weather will be getting warm, and all work which has been delayed during winter should be pushed on ab once, or delayed for another season. As seed time and seed sowing is now upon us, and m general operation, and believing as we do, that many of the failures attributed to seeds may be more justly attributed to some drawback m the preparation of the ground, the mode of sowing, covering etc,, the following useful hints on the subject will be found not undeserving of purusal. Seeds to germinate require light, heat, air, and moisture. They should be sown when the ground is mellow and fine. The best of seeds often fall from improper i management when sown too early ; when ] the ground is wet they are apt to rot; J i when sown too shallow, m a dry time ' there may not be sufficient moisture to cause them to germinate, or they may be destroyed by dry hot weather after they have germinated, or insects may destroy | the shoots after they appear above ground. The first effect of air^ heat, and moisture, is to change the starchy matter of the seed into a sugary pulp, the proper food of the embryo. If at this time the ' seed is withered by exposure to heat ! without sufficient covering it will perish; ■ or if planted m fresh dry soil and the above change m the nature of the seed takes place, but the earth is not pressed sufficiently upon it, the seed dries up, and the embryo perishes. Others, again, are buried too deeply, and though the seed swells, yet sufficient warmth and air are not obtained to give it life The first thing to be observed m sowing seed is a suitable preparation of the soil, so that the young roots may easily penetrate it; it must be made more or less fine for different seeds. The size of a seed is a nearly safe guide as to the depth at Which it should be sown. Beans should
be covered about two inches, peas about one and a-half inches. Carrots, parsnips, turnips, onions, radish, lettuce, cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussels, sprouts, tomatoes, mustard, cress, leeks, savoy, and salsify may now be sown, and should not be covered more than half an inch. The seeds must be evenly covered m order to retain moistnre sufficient.to encourage vegetation, yet not so deeply buried as to deprive of air, or to have their ascending shoots impeded by too much soil above. Seeds succeed best when the ground is first dug,—that is the ground should be dug up rough during the winter months,, so as to be exposed to the winter's frosts, then dug again before sowing the seeds that they may have the benefit, not only of the ground being pulverised but of the moisture retained thereby. But they should never be sown when the soil
is wet, as the ground will bake and the seed perish ; and never sow broadcast if it is desirable to save time, expense and trouble. When sown m drills or rows weeds can be more easily destroyed and the ground kept loose and open. Indeed, all kinds of vegetable seeds may be sown this month with a prospect of aucoess. See that the ground is thoroughly well prepared and well manured with well decomposed manure or bone dust. Bone dust is a great.boon to the horticulturist, very easily applied and beneficial m its results, containing no noxious weeds, and therefore diminishing the labor which must be performed if other manures are used, as manure generally produces large quantities of weeds, more especially fresh manure. AH plots of ground intended for the production of vegetables should be manured, §ar}y \n the winter, but when this has been neglected at that time, no time should now be lost m preparing the ground, and no better manure can be used than bone dust for that purpose, FLOWER GARDEN.
Hardy annuals may now be sown with safety m the flower gardens, and by a judicious selection of different varieties the flower garden may be kept gay during summer and autumn months for a very trifling expense. Such as pansy, phlox drummondi, lobelia, asters, petunia, portulacca, godetia, stocks, zinnia elegans, golden pyrethrum, linum grandiflorum, single dahlia, mignonette, sweet pea. sweet sultan, nasturtiumi, tall and dwarf, convolTulus (major and minor) and many other favorite annual and perennial flowers should have a. place m every ! garden. OKCHABJJ. There should not now be an hour's delay m planting out fruit trees where not attended to before, for if this month jjs. allowed to pass without the planting
being attended to, the matter must be deferred for another season, but such as apples, plums, pears, and cherries, may be planted this month rather than to defer planting until another season.
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Ashburton Guardian, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2507, 2 September 1890
Gardening Notes for September. Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2507, 2 September 1890
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