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LOCAL AND GENERAL, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2507, 2 September 1890
LOCAL AND GENERAL
Parliament, it is #speptpd, will be ovei on the 28th inst.
According to the Lake County Press, deer ara becoming very numerous at Hawea, and as many as 500 may be seen m a mob.
The highest degree to which woman is eligible is conferred by the school of life— M.A-
It is proposed to joiu the Danube and the Adriatic Sea by means of a navigable canal.
Searen, a Parisian, who made millions out of the Suez Canal, lias gone to Egypt m the interest of the project to convert the Desert of Sahara into an inland sea.
In the British House of Commons the other night (somebody compared the Irish members to extinct volcanoes. "U&ed-up craters/"' said Mr Balfour.
It is confidently asserted m some quarters that Sir R. Stout d^&ff not intend to enter into politics during the approaching elections.
Mr Hannders, M.H.R., was a successful competitor for one of the ten £10 prizes offered by Mr ("oh of the Melbourne Book Arcade for essays <>» "Federation of the World,"
An exchange reborts that Dr Moran, Bo man Catholic Bishop of Dunedin, has been ii: poor health, and fears are entertained thai be will permanently lose the sight of one oJ hte eyes.
A well-known grocer having placed a bag of salt outside his shop, a wag attached thereto a piece of paper bearing the following;—" Best white sugar, 3d perlb." Every boy took a handful, tasted it, and—winked.
The municipality of Berlin has asked permission of the Emperor to open a public subscription for the erection of a statute m memory of his father, bu,t the authorisation has been refused on the ground that it is His Majesty's; intention to erect such a memorial at his own co t.
At the inquest at Christ church on Robert McKnight, tjie evidence showed that death resulted from strychnine poisoning, that he had been depressed m spirits for some time, and had purchased strycimiu« on August 21st, saying it was for poinsoning I'ajjs, His accounts were correct. A verdict of suicide while temporarily insane was returned.
j Duke Charles Theodore, of Bavaria, lately passed a month at Meran, jn the Tyrol. His rooms were at once besieged by suffering peasants, who flocked thither from the Austrian, Italian, and Swiss Tyrol for gratuitous treatment ; and during the four weeks of his rather dolorous vacation his benevolent Highness successfully removed ;*>3 cataracts, performed 117 minor operations, aiu( prescribed for nearly 200 other patients who did not need surgery. The Bank of England's doors are now so finely balancfd that the clerk by pressing a knob under his desk can close the outct* doors instantly, and they cannot be opened again except by special process. This is done to prevent the daringanil ingenious unemployed '■ of the great metropolis from robbing the, famous institution. The bullion d«p*jitmonls of this and other great English banking establishments are nightly submerged m ] several feet of water by fclie action of the j machinery. j
Summonses will issue during the next fortnight against defaulting Borough ratepayers,
We are informed by the Postmaster that io-morrow's express will not connect with the Jubilee for Wellington and Sydney. The agents say she leaves at five p.m. tomorrow.
The Master of the Home wishes to acknowledge, with thanks, the receipt of buns from Mr Grubb, a parcel of clothes from Mrs R. Friedlander, and books from Mr Gee, for the use of the inmates.
The dial plate of the Jubilee clock was fixed m its permanent position to-day, and the whole machinery of the clock will be m its place and working within fortnight or three weeks.
Last night's express carried with her to Christchurch, Mr C. J. Rae, delegate of the Railway Servants' Society, to whom a large crowd of working men accorded three hearty cheers. The train also carried two or three non-unionists, engaged to help the Union Shipping Company m their labor difficulty. Three equally hearty groans were given for the non-unionists as the train moved off.
Cricketers will be disappointed to learn that the Borough Council last evening, owing to want of time—the time of the labor staff being fully occupied at presentdeclined to do anything this season with the cricket ground. ' The Club, however, can have the use of the pitch for an annual rental of £2 10s, but for this season, at least, any improvement made upon the ground must be made by the Club.
An old Hellenic prophecy, dating some centuries back, declares that Constantinople will be reconquered for the Greeks by a " Prince named Constantine, having a fair haired spouse called Sophia." The ultraGreek party place great reliance on this prophecy. The wife of Constantine, Duke of Sparta, is named Sophia, and is a blonde so that the restoration of the old cathedral of St. Sophia,— now a mosque—to the Christian worship looms m the future as at least a possibility.
The total area directly or indirectly under the authority of the British Empire may be taken at nearly 10,000,000 of square miles, or about one-fifth of the 50,000,000 of square miles composing the habitable globe. Out of the grand total not less than 2,500,000 of square miles have been topographically surveyed, and of this nearly all has been surveyed minutely, field-by field. This cadastral survey, presenting the details of every field for a vast area, is to be reckoned among the largest operations ever known m the annals of administration.
Mr F. W. Greville,. butter expert, at Wellington, when before the Flax and Dairy Commission, as to cheese-making pointed out that there was a dead loss of 10 percent, by the milk being sent hot to the factories instead of being cooled. He also advocated Goverment inspection and classification of butter before it is exported. As to show butter, his opinion was that butter-making competitions should be instituted, and that proof should be required that the article shown had been made at least ten days if it were fresh, and two months if it were salt butter.
The " Auckland Herald " says : " Some of our local firms own to making a loss on the export of butter, but m New South Wales the Fresh Food and Ice Company seem to have found a more excellent way. The whole of the butter operations is dealt with by one syndicate and one directing head. The butter is manufactured m cool chambers, and is turned out m such excellent condition that the company have realised close on the English prices, a thing which the New Zealand exporters have not yet succeeded m iloing, owing to the number of small people, each manufacturing on their own account.
As to Stanley and his Darkest Aftrica achievements, a London writer asks:—-"How can anything you [Stanley] have ever done he compared, even for an instant, with the pluck and enterprise displayed by Mr Paul de Chaillu ? Years ago he wont all over the forest you fancy you 1 aye discovered. And how different was his mode of travelling from yours ? Re made friends with the natives, and they helpod him on from tribe to tribe out of sheer good will j you come as a cannonading conqueror, and if they do not welcome you, you shoot them down. His was a mission of love m the interests of humanity and science ; yours is a campaign m the furtherance of trading companies and that blighting curse which is called civilisation. Yes, I know that you boast m you" usual modest way that you have unfolded a new and glorious dawn for the people of Africa. At one of your recent banquets you drew what was meant for a harrowing picture 01 imp country, whicli had no policeman, no post office, and was three months away from the Foreign Office. Are those the needs of Africa that you propose to supply, when your trading companies begin to ship their load of Bibles and brandy botcles?"
A study of the currents of immigration m the port of Philadelphia has revealed a gradual shifting of natjonalitiess. While immigration m general has of late considerably fallen off, Italian, Polish, Hungarian, Greek, Turkish, Egyptian, and other Eastern races are on the increase. The English, Irish, and Gprmaiis, do not colonise m the ! strict sense, but spread through all channels where labor is m demand. On the other hand the Welsh, Scandinavians, Slavaks, Poles, and Hungarians colonise, and chiefly m Pennslyvania which is noted for its mines, slate quarries, and oil wells. In and around the town of Scranten, m Pensylvania, the Welsh are thickly settled, and Welsh performances are given at a theatre. Many Welsh fciiildren born and raised m the district adhere to their vernacular, and do not acquire the English language. "Temperate, industrious, and happy (says Consul Clipperton)' the Welsh are a boon to the State, and are referred to by Americans with pride. Far different is it with colonists of some other nationalities who settle m the State : reckless and cruel, they become a threat and a hinderanceto the moral Christian communities."
Mr E. Jones, Mayor of Glen Innes, New South Wales, who was appointed Vicepresident jof Jbh.9 local brass band, declined the honor thus t-?ff jtfaying heard you play I consider that the first essential qualification to the office of Vice-President would bo stone deafness. Fortunately, I see and hear pretty well. Though not a professor of muslu I do know that musical sounds are defined under tl/r c^e headings—•' sharps,' ' flats,' and 'natural.' The component parts of your band are of a somewhat similar character, namely, the sharps are the performing, or playing members ; the flats, the subscribing public ; die naturals, those who voluntarily listen to your music a second time. On this sound basis I predict a kuccessful career to your brass band. Should cagitoJ punishment ever be abolished a new sphere of usefulness will be open to you. Instead of the jwt&ent barbarous method of hanging criminals Hue «;ore refined and excruciating punishment of listing to the playing of the Glen Tnnea Brass Hand should b<j inflicted. The punishment being so much greater, It would necessarily entail upon judge and juror** graver responsibilities, but then it would be a greater detriment to capital offences than the present mode of punishment."
Mr Geo. Aklous, a Wellington tobacconist, ] had a peculiar stroke of paralysis, extend- j ing from the centre of the head downwards through the whole right side of the body to the right foot. Singular to relate the right side of the tongue and nostril are devoid of J feeling, whilst the left side of those organs retain their fullest sensibilities. ' It may be consoling to know that there is i plenty of that convincing argument "ready c&sh," waiting for a fancied struggle; but most disheartening stagnation of trade must soon result if our money is to be kept m barracks, and " currency " become a misnomer. Capitalists are afraid to invest, and the Banks themselves are almost as timid. They look upon those of their customers who are large employers of labor as men whom it is unsafe to trust; and merchants who deal with these employers find their " paper " less negotiable than formerly. One of the evils under which the colony has been suffering for years is the unprofitabless of employing labor; and if these additional difficulties are to be thrown and kept m their way, employers must sooner or later succumb. If Capi+tvl remains idle, Labor must of neces-, sity lack employment; and capital will never fully employ itself while this element of uncertainty remains. There is a fine future for New Zealand, if Capital and Labor will speedily make up their differences. Nothing can be worse for both than uncertainty ; and nothing better than security. It is absurd to, suppose that what is good for one is bad for the other. If both sides would see this, and each be ready to "to give and take," the difficulty would vanish like dew before the rising sun; and a bright day of prosperity would most surely follow.—" Trade Protection Gazette."
LOCAL AND GENERAL, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2507, 2 September 1890
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