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The rummer of Wcsleyans m the world is estimated at 20,000,000. The harvest of the sea was abundant last year, The value of fish landed at the ports of the Unite;] Kingdom was £f>,;>(X),OOO. .Mr Mackenzie, buyer for the ({ear Freezing Company, has 'nought 12 000 slit-op m Hawke's Bay at 11s a-head, delivery to be given oil'the shears m November The "British Medical Journal" says:— 1 Tin danger of kissing a greasy book, so often tendered m policy and law courts to a _ witness about to lie sworn, is at last appreciated by some officials m some quarters!. We see it stated that when the Duke of Fife appeared latch/at .Stratford m a prosecution the Testament on which the witness took the oath was enveloped m some clean white paper for his use—a precaution which might with advantage be more generally adopted." At Colombo, on her way home, a rather serious accident happened to the Carthage, which will cost the P. and 0. Company a considerable sum of money—it id said £10,000. By some oversight, the lower ports of the Cartilage were left open, and the water poured into the vessel where the passengers'* luggage and valuables were stowed, doing a great deal of injury. The accident, it is needless to say, occasioned a great deal of annoyance to all concerned. The Louisiana authorities) have made an order prohibiting, under a penally of 25d01. (£">), the killing of an alligator at Plaquemine, a small place on the Mississippi, about halfway between Barton Rouge and New Orleans. The reason of this measure is the great increase of large water rats during late years owing to the destruction of alligators, which, are their insatiable foes. These rats swam, over the plantations adjoining the river, doing greafc damage to the crops. Writes a London special:—By the election of Mr W. Farmer to be Senior Sheriff of London, Australia 's once more to the front. Born cLqso on GO years ago, he m 1849 went out to Sydney to join a softgoods firm started by his uncle. He stayed there till 1874, when he came Home to take charge of the well-known shipping firm of Farmer and Co. The new sheriff has a delightful country seat called Coworth Park, at Sunningdalc, which the Prince of Wales leased some years ago for Ascot week. He is a High Tory and a devoted Churchman. A niusUta). contemporary writes:—" It would be a good- thing if people of means who wiah to do soiuetlnng for the mimcal art would follow the example.of fiu% ,-\ ich-ducheKs Valeric, of Vienna. This lady has <*grped to pay for the musical education of a hul of promise, but has made it a stipulation that he ia not to appear m public until ho is grown wj>. How wise it would be if all young mu&icfauis nrpre bound to remain m aeclusiou m the sau^s way, so that their careers might not be imperjitetf l}y the em celts wiueli they are apt to beget itta^ugh going before U»u public early m life, and so that audiences njighf^ be savetl from tl c weariness of listening to imn>afcnro efforts." .Sporting reader are reminded that acceptances for the first day's handicap at the Geraldine Racing Club's Meeting close on 2nd .Sept., as well as entries for the District Stakes, Novel, and Selling Races. In regard to the Novel Race we are desired to point out that an error has crept into the sheet programme, m which the event is described as a fi handicap" with no weight under Set, and any mwr U) be declared. Special attention is xiraww U> < M District Stakes of 30 soys for tHree-y.eav.-oM^ f» wkkh the district extends from the north bank u£ the ' Rakaia to the Horse Shoe ftange, Qamani. At a meeting of the Asliburtow Branch of the Railway Servants' Union, held i» ti\a Yftfjjpliir Hall on Saturday evening, there were -vv*t' forty members present. The meeting sat it t Committee, and reporters were not admitted, JuformatVi, however, was supplied that MrC,,.J. Kae, from Christchurch, detailed the situation #£ Lyttelton mp to that afternoon, and a ballot win* tftken ou »ijHftSfcion submitted by the Executive as to wl^etfyfc*, m t»e event of a resort to extreme measures :b.ei,*ig ucwessary, the branch would support the Executis-*, The ballot resulted m a unanimous affirmative. A e*sc>. htf.s just been tried an England before the Lord Chief Justice and a special jury, known as the " Wlj it-church Salvation Army ease," m -which liia l>»'d»hip laid down a riiiflffj.n\& j.n law aud csonnrwn-sense wliich *, ''I e&mnmd itself totue optsitjenuion s'loUl -« yif J^^cKws iii this coiuiuy, oi makei l .£ # yation Army w.ere Three members .*ii4w * fl ; uis,iixce at charged with coimv •5 < , w ,4 /fetjjjrl^ng common law by obstructii. 0 -, aimftWAfHi the highway at Whitcliurcli. i... hW'"^ up the Chief Justice said that " people „ ii right to hold a meeting providing they did i nothing unlawful. It was a matter of give md take, and people must submit to little temporary inconvenience or the world would not go on at all." The jury, after a i/cry short consultation, brought m a veriict of not guilty,

The Tekapo is appointed to leave Lyttelton for Sydney to-morrow. She may, however, be put off till Wednesday, 3rd instant. The direct steamer Kaikoura leaves Lytteltou at eight a.m. on Thursday, 4th instant, for Rio and London. The infant daughter of Mr William D. Baker, North-East Belt, died suddenly on Sunday morning, having been found dead beside its parents when they awoke. Dr Trevor made a post mortem examination of the child, and finding that death had resulted from natural causes, no inquest will be held.

The time-table of the New Zealand Government Railways for September is to hand, and m addition to the usual amount of information m regard to running of trains, etc., contains an excellent map of the colony. The map referred to will be found most useful to children at public schools who are learning New Zealand geography, and may be obtained at any railway station for one penny.

The one subject which interests everybody (a cynic has observed) is the amount of his neighbor's income—especially the earnings of poets and painters, doctors and barristers, actors and authors, and public performers m geneaal. Mr John Morley has been saying recently that there are not fiifty living persons —perhaps there are not twenty—who make their living by writing books. This was quite sure to draw Mr Walter Besant, the champion of literary rights and literary honor. He declares that there are at least fiifty novelists living whose stories bring them incomes of £1000 per annunj, not to mention, avast nuinbe" who make a hundred or two. Well, Aye will not mention "the vast nnmber," but will assess the total earnings of English fiction .at £50,000 per annum. Can we say that the books produced are worth the money paid.

Members of the Public Service have received a circular from Mr J. E. FitzGeralcl, chairman of the provisional committee of the Public Service Association, stating that "His Excellency the Governor, as the head of the Public Service m this colony, has been pleased to signify his willingness to become the patron of the Association when formed, m the hope and belief that, if wisely and prudently conducted, it may conduce to the general welfare of the colony by adding to the stability, efficiency, and impartial administration of its Public Service through all vicissitudes."

John T. Waterhouse, the Honolulu capitalist, who returned to San Franciso from an extended Eastern visit, says that notwithstanding his failure to interest the leading Eastern capitalists m the Hawaiian cable proposition, there was still a large degree of progress m the movement from a new and ■; outside source. " English capital vested m American syndicates," said Mr Waterhouse, "has been slowly absorbing many leading American industries, and the syndicates are now looking for connections outside of the United States, and more especially t»t Honolulu and m the Australian colonies. Ths colonies are developing very rapidly, and telegraphic communication with San Francisco will soon be an absolute necessity. I dare not tell just what is being done m this matter, but rapid progress is being made." Mr Waterhouse intimated that an English syndicate was arranging to build a great ocean cable line from San Francisco to Honolulu and thence to Melbourne and other points m Australia. The banking returns m the Australasian colonies for the June quarter are now published. Deposits have increased during the passed year at a mote rapid rate than advances, and there have been largo accumulations of coin and bullion. The deposits have now reached £110,000,000, of which £29,123,000 do not bear interest. A year ago the total was £103,700,000, and it is noticeable that of the increase nearly five millions is due to the increase m interest bearing deposits. The movements of public deposits by colonies show the following results :— Victoria an increase of £4,100,000, New South Wales of £2,300,000, New Zealand £1,020,000, South Australia £817,000, while the black sheep of the lot is Queensland, where there is a decrease of £.'510,000. The increase m advances for th:; year totals £3,485,000, the increase by colonies being Victoria £2.003,000, New. South Wales £1,302,000, South Australia £536,000 Tasmania £538,000, while the decreases are New Zealand £120,000, and Queensland £832,000. The increase m the note circulation for the year is only £19,000 Tli3 increase m the aggregate banking business for the year is £9,814,000. The regimental orders for the C.Y.Cannual training m camp at Addington, beginning on the 4th Oct., have been issued, m which the train arrangements for transit of the contingents to Addington are set forth. In regard to the Ashburton contingent, m which, by the way, there is room for a good many recruits, the parade will be at such hour as Sergeant-M.ijo'r Scott may order, but will be fixed to suit the train leaving Timaru at 11.55 a.m. on the 4th Oct. As usual every member must bring his own camp equipments for self and horse, and wallets are to be supplied at a small cost directly on arrival of the regimeut m 0-unp, Orders have been received from his Excellency the Governor to hold a military tournament on Tuesday, the 14th, so that the training will be carried on to that day As his Excellency will be present both at the camp and at the sports the Officer Commanding (Capt A. W. Wright) urges upon every man the necessity for being present, as well out of respect to the 3 Government as m the interests of the corps, the number of efficients retnrned this year having much to do with the corps future standing with the Defence Department. The question of the higher education q women, which has recently been attracting so much interest m England, formed the subject of an address recently delivered at Preston by the Bishop of Manchester. Dr Moorhonse, who spoke with hi 3 characteristic directness, showed a certain degree of sympathy with the movement—though with provisoes. To oppose, ho declared, the de- j velopment of the highest mental and moral faculties of woman was nothing less than a striving against providence of God, for why | were these faculties given to women if they were not to receive their highest develop ment? But on the other hand he expressed timself unfavorable to a literary education. He would add to it such subjects as physiology, househould management, and the science of nursing, the knowledge of which would "make even a senior wrangler and a senior classic an admirable housewife." ' 'It is a better thing," he protested m another pact of l)is adress " to be a noble and affectionate wife and mother than to be cither senior wrangler or senior classic. 1'

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LOCAL AKD GENERAL, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2506, 1 September 1890

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LOCAL AKD GENERAL Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2506, 1 September 1890

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